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• Autosomes are homologous chromosomal pairs and sex chromosomes are partially homologous chromosomal pairs.
• Sex chromosomes involve in sex determination and autosomes do not involve in sex determination.
• In sex chromosomes, Y chromosome is shorter and in autosomal pairs both the chromosomes are of the same height.
• In sex chromosomal pair, the position of the centromere may not be the same and, in autosomal pairs, the position of the centromere is the same.
Detailed information can be seen on : http://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-autosomes-and-vs-sex-chromosomes/Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
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