Lynn University Hegels and Nietzsches Theory of Tragedy Research Paper

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In TWO full page - just two full page and in your words, summarize Hegel's theory of tragedy and Nietzsche's theory of tragedy.


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Nietzsche’s Theory of Tragedy Nietszche’s bio Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) was a 19th-century German philosopher, poet, composer. He wrote critical texts on religion, morality, contemporary culture, philosophy and science. . Nietzsche's influence remains substantial within and beyond philosophy. , notably in existentialism, nihilism and postmodernism. His key ideas include the death of God, the Übermensch, and the will to power. Central to his philosophy is the idea of "life-affirmation", which involves an honest questioning of all doctrines that drain life's expansive energies, however socially prevalent those views might be The Birth of Tragedy For Nietzsche the collision between the needs of primal beings and civilization is reflected in classical Greek art and dramatic tragedy in particular Nietzsche felt that our primal needs were instinctual forces and part of the essential human experience. He named these Dionysian, after the Greek god Dionysus, the god of wine, ritual, sex / orgy, song, dance, passion, creativity and irrationality. These forces are those of our nature itself. Its opposition [yes, Hegelian], are the forces of the god Apollo that represent rationality, order, control, ideal form, dreams and appearances. Greek classical architecture is an excellent example of the Apollonian. These opposing forces find their “collision and synthesis” in tragedy in Nietzsche’s view. The original form of the Greek columns is the marble mined mined from the earth itself. It is rough and wild and beautiful but without form. This is the Dionysian; art in its primal state The Apollonian is the “civilized” form of the marble that has been sculpted into the form of columns. It represent rationality and control of the rough marble that has been transformed into an ordered form that now is its beauty. Nietzsche and the Dionysian In our personalities the Dionysian impulse to give free rein to the passions without restrictions or rules. It is the uncivilized part of us that defies all rules. Artist and athletes follow their instincts to create. We sometimes say we “go with our gut,” meaning our feelings or intuition The Dionysian is the source of our myths, our passions, and our instincts, none of which are bounded by reason. It is the sources of creativity, yet is irrational in its manifestations. The civilizing force of the Apollonian is an essential counterbalance to the Dionysian and a complete abandonment of reason and civilization. It represents order and rules and laws that keeps society from self destructing. However, Nietzsche warns that we lose the deepest and richest aspects of our nature if we reject the Dionysian forces within us. Ways to View The Birth of Tragedy In essence Nietzsche is asking us to see where irrationality [Dionysian energy], absent in the modern world, is in collision with rationality / reason, which dominates the modern mind. The collision of the Dionysian and Apollonian is in Nietzsche’s view is in tragedy, where passion and irrationality collides with order and irrationality. In drama in a play or film: where is the collision between irrationality and rationality? Ways to View The Birth of Tragedy cont. Within tragedy the Dionysian spirit may be embodied within one character who acts on or is ruled by his or her instincts or passions. Often this character collides with another character who represents the Apollonian spirit that tries to control the Dionysian, to force into into order, to demand that it follow the rules Ways to View The Birth of Tragedy cont. Often in tragedy the collision represents an internal conflict for one character. One side of the character represents the Dionysian that compels a person to break out civilizations rules and morality and follow the urges of instincts and passions. Within the same character is an Apollonian side that pressures the Dionysian to conform to the demands civilization. Such a character is pulled one way or another; the Dionysian and Apollonian collide. If the Dionysian rules, the character will become irrational and suffer the tragic consequences. If the Apollonian rules, the character will relinquish his or her passions and lead an empty and tragic life. Nietzsche: Tragedy in the Modern World In Nietzsche’s view since the Age of the Enlightenment in the 18th century, reason (the Apollonian) has come to dominate belief, myth, passion (the Dionysian). Advances in science and technology and trust in reason led to almost, ironically, a religious belief in reason. Where did this lead as as a civilization – too greater irrationality disguised as reason? The cult of reason, according to Nietzsche shields of from the reality of the human condition: that within our nature lies vital drives that make make us alive and vital and often lead to collisions with the forces of order and control in the world. Where does tragedy teach us about this collision? That there is essential darkness in our lives as well as light? And how do we deal with that? How can facing this truth, this essential suffering release us from the illusory dream of reason? ...
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Running head: HEGEL’S AND NIETZSCHE’S THEORY OF TRAGEDY

Hegel’s And Nietzsche’s Theory of Tragedy
Student’s Name
Institution’s Name

1

HEGEL’S AND NIETZSCHE’S THEORY OF TRAGEDY
Hegel's Bio
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher. He was born on August 27,
1770, and raised in Stuttgart, Germany. Hegel was considered a great philosopher due to his
knowledge of art, history, philosophy, and psychology. In 1835, Hegel wrote about Aesthetics.
This piece was about a tragedy described informing of art. The Hegel's Aesthetics is considered
as one of the best aesthetic theories to be considered second after Aristotle's philosophy. Hegel
was religious about his view of the world and tragedy theory....

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