Preparation for Generating a Policy Proposal
Although some states and cities have passed laws to ban
texting and using handheld phones while driving, there is no current
law to ban all cell phone use while driving. However, according to the
National Safety Council (2009), 28 percent of all crashes—1.6 million
per year—are caused by cell phone use and texting by drivers. The
mission of a new national nonprofit organization called FocusDriven,
patterned after Mothers Against Drunk Driving, is to make phone use
while driving as illegal and socially unacceptable as drunk driving. US
Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood supports FocusDriven and its
According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,
LaHood said that this movement would become "an army of people
traveling the countryside" to push for bans on cell-phone use and tough
enforcement (Schmitz, 2010). As a political advocate interested in this
issue, you will be writing a policy proposal that utilizes the current
research to propose a solution to the issue and submitting it in Module 5.
Annotated Bibliography: Effect of Cell Phone Use
Before you can write this proposal research, you will
need to conduct initial research on the science behind this initiative.
For this assignment, use the Argosy University online library
resources to locate research reports from peer-reviewed journals that
discuss the effects of cell phone use on vision, attention, perception,
or memory. In selecting at least five research reports from
peer-reviewed journals relevant to the topic, make sure they address
one or more of the following issues:
- How do texting, handheld phones, and hands-free phones compare with each other in their effects on driving?
- How do other, traditional distractions compare
to cell phone use in their effects on driving (such as eating,
attending to children, talking to passengers, listening to
- Can cell phone use while driving be compared with drunk driving? Why or why not?
- What other variables (such as age) can affect driving while using a cell phone?
Based on your reading of the five articles, create an
annotated bibliography for each of the five sources. Each annotation
should consist of the APA reference entry followed by a paragraph-long
summary of the articles. In your summary, provide answers for the
questions below. For the last question, think about how the research
results could be generalized to fit other environments or not be
- Summarize the main ideas in the reference. What were they investigating?
- How were the studies conducted? What was the sample size? Is it appropriate?
- Were the studies conducted in the real world or was a simulated environment used?
- How might these methodological considerations
affect the research findings and the conclusions drawn from them?
How does this article fit in with your paper? How did it influence
your own ideas about your paper?
Your annotated bibliography should be at 3–4 pages in length.
Be sure to include a title page and reference page
listing your articles.