Tiffin University A Defense of Ethical Relativism Discussion


Question Description

This stage of your final project development involves moving you toward one of the most important aspects of a good final project: Developing a strong thesis statement and finding support for your thesis with extremely well-documented evidence from the texts we read for this class.

In this assignment, I ask you to write about one of them (including readings that we have not yet covered). The readings required in this course are the following:

  • Plato, “Euthyphro,” “Crito,” and “Phaedo”
  • Martin Luther King, “Letter From a Birmingham Jail”
  • Benedict “A Defense of Ethical Relativism”
  • Rachels, “The Challenges of Cultural Relativism”
  • Kant, from The Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
  • Mill, from Utilitarianism
  • O’Neill, “A Simplified Account of Kant's Ethics”
  • Hobbes, from the Leviathan
  • John Stuart Mill, from “On Liberty”
  • Charles Mills, The Racial Contract
  • Iris Marion Young, “Five Faces of Oppression”
  • Virginia Held, “Feminist Transformations of Moral Theory”
  • Kimberle Crenshaw, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex”
  • Thomson’s “A Defense of Abortion”
  • Marquis’ “An Argument that Abortion is Wrong”
  • Peter Singer, “All Animals are Equal”
  • Gardiner, “A Perfect Moral Storm: Climate Change, Intergenerational Ethics and the Problem of Moral Corruption”
  1. Now that you’ve had a few weeks to develop ideas for a more specific paper topic, you should be close to a thesis statement, that is, a sentence or two indicating what you wish to argue for or against, and why. What is your tentative thesis statement for your paper? Note that it should (a) clearly identify your topic, (b) and take a position, an argumentative stance, as well as (c) offer a reason for that position. Example: “In this paper I will argue for the moral permissibility of pornography, because it is always consensual and has no bad consequences.” (Please note that your professor doesn’t actually believe this. I’m just offering it as an illustrative example.)

  2. Which reading from the above list could you currently relate to your topic? The point of this assignment is to choose the one that you currently believe to be most relevant, and that you currently believe you could make a good case for the relevance of. For this question, just tell me which title you’re choosing.
  1. To be able to rely on a text for support, you must first have a strong command of its point, its main arguments, which you could ideally summarize in a sentence or two. Imagine that you are summarizing the reading for a student who has not taken this class. What is the main argument or thesis statement of your first chosen text? Summarize it in a sentence or two of your own, and then provide a line or passage from the text, word for word, to show that your description of the point of the reading is correct, and tell us the location or page number where it occurs.
  1. Now describe the relevance of your chosen reading to your project. (a.) Is the reading relevant because it supports your view, or is it serving to provide a counter-argument, or does the author raise a point that provides a complication for your view, or clarify a concept? Explain the relevance of your choice, then provide evidence of that relevance with a line or passage from the text, word for word, to show that your description of the relevance of the reading is correct, and tell us the location or page number where it occurs.

Tutor Answer

School: UCLA

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Homework 3

Institutional affiliation

Benedict “A Defense of Ethical Relativism”
Benedict's "In defense of ethical relativism," highlights that the norms accepted by cultures guide
people within the society. People may not create their own beliefs regarding what they believe is
correct, but rather align to the acceptable norms in the society they grew up in. In her essay, she
argued that "Most individuals are plastic to the molding force of the society into which they are
born" (Benedict 56). While people may make decisions based on their culture and what the
majority believes, unlikely, not everyone follows the status quo. In...

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