Writing
UWP014J Waldorf University Business Consulting Annotated Bibliography

UWP014J

Question Description

I need help with a Writing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

minimum 2 full pages double spaced APA

use the 3 articles below and write like in the attached example

not more than 10% plagiarism allowed

Our task is to analyze the writing in the field of business consulting. For example, the specific genres, conventions, move that we should use in writing of business consulting. I have found three related articles. And please use these articles to do the annotated biographies and explain how each of this relate to the writing in business consulting. And when you do t

he annotated biographies, just select the part that relates to the writing in business consulting to summarize. And the second link is for the book. Just choose some chapters or pages that relate to writing in business consulting to make annotated biographies. I also provide the sample you can check

Here is the link for articles:

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0007681387900747
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=HbaaAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=great+business+plan&ots=Fej6UcQ0dk&sig=eFTBFc_jRLmSVjJ6RAtuxXB8oN0#v=onepage&q=great%20business%20plan&f=false
  3. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4c9e/2fde6fa514956f9b8cea1ebc40479086b42f.pdf

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Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 1 Addressing Sustainability on College Campuses UWP 014J Scooby Gang University of California, Davis Scooby Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 2 Scooby Annotated Bibliography Alshuwaikhat, H. M., & Abubakar, I. (2008). An integrated approach to achieving campus sustainability: assessment of the current campus environmental management practices. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(16), 1777-1785. The article by Habib Alshuwaikhat and Ismaila Abubakar, “An integrated approach to achieving campus sustainability: assessment of the current campus environmental management practice” was published online in January of 2008. While this text is somewhat dated, it was one of the most defining works for the academic research on implementing sustainable programs into college campuses. This article has been cited over 700 times and offers three specific approaches that are necessary to achieve sustainability on campus. The authors identify the importance of individuals assessing their current Environmental Management system, to inspire, encourage and motivate public participation and to link individuals and universities to understanding their social responsibility to mitigate climate change, and finally the promotion of these programs and other services on campus through the education system that is taught and developed. One interesting component that this article identifies is how universities have capacities and established programs that can be utilized and improved upon to continue to form better efforts on campus. The authors identify that sustainability is not merely a benchmark of combined programs or a number that differentiates between those that are sustainable and not. Rather, universities must commit to the overall approach, ideology, and practice of sustainability that can be promoted at all levels and offices within a given school. The University Environmental Management system requires, according to the authors, a commitment to minimizing operation output of gas emissions, as well as pollution, waste reduction and converting to more energy efficient sources. The authors identify the role of participation and responsibility through the spreading of Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 3 Scooby community projects, raising awareness through lectures and education and involving alumni, parents, campus organizations and staff. Finally, they recognize the importance of innovating curriculum to reflect more sustainable approaches, health and safe environmental living and encouraging research for the development of renewable sources. The authors offer this integrated approach for the best means of successfully reaching sustainability on campus. This article is an important work that has served as a foundational text for many different sectors of the sustainable school scholarship. This work serves to offer clear guidelines and suggestions that other schools can look to for tangible changes that they can make. One important distinction made in this article is for administrators, students and faculty to assess the existing programs and sustainability efforts that their campus has already begun. This article provides readers with techniques for implementation that exist beyond just adding in composting stations on their campus. The approach that this article offers and demonstrates is a commitment to the benefits, not financially or socially, but the moral implications that these changes seem to demonstrate. The article also discusses the possibility of these programs extending to other sectors of the community, from local governance, to state legislatures. This article is inspiring and informative and marries these two values well for any university considering the ways they can become more sustainable. This article also fits in with other scholars. The article uses a multitude of references intext to bring varying facets of the conversation together, but has also been quoted and referenced hundreds of times. This article provides a truly large-scale approach to solving climate change at the university level which distinguishes itself by talking about a commitment to a social, economic, educational approach. By operating with a very broad and clearly outlined approach allows for campuses of all sizes to fit themselves into this model. The authors are academics who Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 4 Scooby both have other articles that address the social implications of addressing climate. This article is inspiring and nuanced enough to differentiate amongst the literature as serving a distinct purpose that universities all over can utilize Brulle, R. J., Carmichael, J., & Jenkins, J. C. (2012). Shifting public opinion on climate change: an empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the US, 2002–2010. Climatic change, 114(2), 169-188. This is a scholarly article written about how opinions on climate change have been shifting, specifically looking at the years 2002 to 2010, and why these shifts occur. The three authors, Robert J. Brulle, Jason Carmichael, and J. Craig Jenkins, are credible Sociology and Culture & Communications faculty members of Drexel, McGill, and Ohio State University, respectively. Their research takes data from 74 surveys over a 9-year period and analyzes the shifting public concern of 5 climate change factors, including extreme weather events, public access to accurate scientific information, media coverage, elite cues, and movement/countermovement advocacy. Their aim is to test various hypotheses regarding the factors that drive levels of concern over climate change, and to find and explain which factors affect greater concern and why that is. This way a better understanding can be created about the effectiveness of various outlets of communication. This research article talks about the inadequacy of past polling on climate change and how through their use of Stimson’s method, this group of scholars attempts to create more accurate results by finding central tendencies across a number of different surveys. The qualifications of the authors, detailed explanations of the methods used, extent of the data collected, and breadth of sources cited and explained are all major contributors to the unequivocal credibility of this article. These authors find that information-based science Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 5 Scooby advocacy has only a minor effect on public concern, while political mobilization by elites and advocacy groups is critical in influencing climate change concern. They explain that the major factors that affect levels of public concern can be grouped into: media coverage of climate change (which directly affects the level of public concern), unemployment, economic prosperity, and involvement in wars (which all compete with climate change for public concern), and most importantly, the “elite partisan battle over the issue” (Democratic Congressional action statements raise public concern, while Republican roll-call votes lower it). These findings are significant because they give us a better understanding of what factors can be used to effectively motivate people to want to rally behind climate change movements. This is especially important when trying to find the best method to spread this kind of thinking and action. Understanding the sway that advocacy groups have on influencing concern backs up our idea to spread this kind of advocacy on college campuses (places we can identify with as students and that hold a large amount of control with advocacy and implementation), and the efficiency this can have to urge people into joining our green movement. This source fits into the conversation with other sources on the topic, because it provides the background to understanding why certain movements and ideas are more effective than others. Being able to better comprehend the varying levels of advocacy effectiveness can help to start more efficient movements and to rally larger groups behind the cause. Knowing the effect that elites and advocacy groups can have on swaying climate change opinions is valuable information because we can use these parties’ influences to spark bigger and more effective movements. With this kind of sway, it is easier to rally more extensive groups behind large-scale changes that will help our environment and create more green, sustainable areas in which to live and work. Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 6 Scooby Climate.nasa.gov. (2017). Global Climate Change: Vital signs of the planet. The Consequences of Climate Change. This article explains the consequences climate change has had on our planet already and what we can expect to see happen to our environment if we don’t begin to implement large-scale changes to our human consumption. Effects that scientists had predicted in the past would result from global climate change are now occurring, including loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and longer, more intense heat waves. These events can and will lead to the loss of many homes and the ruination of the environment that keeps us as humans alive and healthy. This writing provides examples of the degradation we have seen up until now, along with the changes we can expect to see in coming years. It includes a forecast of a temperature rise of 2.5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century by the IPCC. Though I focused my reading on the part of this website that explains in more detail the effects of climate change, other parts of the article’s website include various backgrounds and information regarding these problems, to better comprehend why our Earth reacts in the way it does, and why it is so important for us to begin rallying behind these causes. This website provides links to evidence, causes, effects, scientific consensuses, vital signs, and frequently asked questions about climate change. This breadth of information is significant to fully comprehending the gravity of the situation we are in regarding the fast-paced degradation happening to our environment every day we do not actively work towards change. It allows us to create a foundation to work from and to set specific goals regarding specific climate change effects. In this source, we learn about the agreed upon main cause of the current global warming trend, which is human expansion of the "greenhouse effect". It is explained that this warming results when the atmosphere traps heat radiating from Earth toward space. We also Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 7 Scooby learn about the future global and regional effects that climate change will have, including temperature increases, changes in precipitation, more droughts, more intense hurricanes, and other destructive occurrences. This source’s credibility is clear as it comes from the official NASA website, where data and information is collected by NASA itself. This source consists of legitimate science and evidence based through the use of credible scientific sourcing, follows the scientific method, is unbiased, and does not use emotional words. This site also respects the findings of experts in this field and publishes peer reviewed science. This source fits into the conversation with others on the topic because it provides a large scope of background on the topic of climate change including extensive information on how we have come to our understanding about what climate change really is, and why it is so important for us to focus our attention on helping this cause. As the IPCC states, "the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time”. By providing facts and information on the causes, effects, proof, Carbon Dioxide measurements, and answers to prominent questions, NASA provides a necessary background to better understand other sources on the topic that delve into more detailed analyses of specific aspects of this topic. A helpful component of this website is the “Frequently asked questions” portion, with answers backed by scientists to further our understanding of the sometimes-confusing details of these environmental issues. To effectively gather sources and start our movements, we need a solid comprehension of the background of these issues, which this source provides for us. With this kind of background, sources such as the Brulle, R., Carmichael, J. and Jenkins, J. article will make more sense as they delve into more details regarding advocacy and reactions to specificities of climate change. Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 8 Scooby Kościelniak, C. (2014). A consideration of the changing focus on the sustainable development in higher education in Poland. Journal of Cleaner Production, 62, 114-119. In the article “A Consideration of the Changing Focus on the Sustainable development in higher Education in Poland,” the author, Cezary Kościelniak, faculty member from Adam Mickiewicz University, begins by defining the key challenges to the concept of a sustainable university, mentioning that very few universities around the world have taken on the challenge of making their institution sustainable in its entirety. The article then continues by addressing the necessary changes an institution would need to consider for them to start this transition to full sustainability, like the university mission, process education, the university’s mission in relation to external stakeholders, especially in relation to local communities, the social environment, and local businesses benefitting from the university, and individual activities of the faculty and students; further emphasizing the need of a multifactorial transformation. The text then transitions to how the Act of the law of Higher Education plays an important role in instilling focuses on sustainable development into universities in Poland. To see how these changes were adopted by universities, the article focuses on the University of Warsaw and the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, two leading universities in Poland. The findings show that both universities, though considered huge knowledge enterprises, had been approaching sustainable development with a bottom-down approach, where students and faculty can join sustainability initiative voluntarily, instead of a top-down approach which makes these initiatives mandatory through institutionalized forms of action. The conclusion states that this bottom down approach is ineffective in such large universities, which makes it apparent that a sustainable movement is not steadily happening in the country and more works needs to be done. Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 9 Scooby This source is significant to our research because not only does it highlight the lack of sustainable development in universities around the world, it also gives a description to what necessary changes a university would need to make within its operations and gives an example of how a top down approach to change would be more efficient to larger universities. Unlike many other papers used in this project, this one mentions the lack of progress major universities around the world are making in adopting institution-wide sustainability practices, which can be used as a further call to action due to the widely held truth that universities play a crucial role of championing sustainable development in the world. Having universities aware of the work that still needs to be done as well as resources and tips that can help them start their transition to sustainability shows the author’s commitment to addressing the needs for more action and change to truly make a greater impact on the world. This is a credible academic source due to its publication in the Journal of Cleaner Production, which is an international, transdisciplinary journal focusing on Cleaner Production, Environmental, and Sustainability research and practice and whose main goal is to help societies become more sustainable. The paper has been cited 23 times by other scholarly articles about sustainability in higher education, showing that it is a relevant source in information for other scholars as well. Additionally, the author is a reputable faculty member from the social science department at Adam Mickiewicz University, a leading research university in Poland. This source integrates with the other sources in our project that highlight the importance in institutional engagement in promoting sustainability. In addition, while other sources merely highlight the importance of such commitment, this article addresses the lack of progress within international universities in fully integrating sustainability principles into its operations and proposes possible solutions to implementing such changes and explaining some of the more Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 10 Scooby efficient ways for this implementation. This source can act as an additional source of ways to begin change like the source written by Mostafa and Mehran Nejati, who provided a scale that universities can use to assess their progress on becoming sustainable. After assessing sustainability progress, a university may need help in developing a direction for action, which this source provides. The source helps to wrap up the call to action universities need to begin considering as well as providing helpful frameworks for them to use when they start making the changes after assessing what their university needs to strengthen to become more sustainable. Kuhlman, T., and Farrington, J. (2010). What is Sustainability? Sustainability, 2(11), 3436-3448. doi:10.3390/su2113436 In the reading “What is Sustainability” by Tom Kulhman and John Farrington, the authors talk about sustainability as a concept where humans try to reduce the take of natural resources for future generations. In addition, they discuss how sustainability began as a word to describe the activity where people should not take more and faster than what nature gives and grows. Not only is it important to protect the environment and nature because it is just simply the right thing to do, but to also preserve resources and help try to clean it up for our future children and for the health of others (Kulhman and Farrington, 1). The article discusses how environmental degradation like water and air pollution are examples of harmful ways that affects the physical health of people. Turning and implementing environmental sustainability can reduce and reverse the effects to these negative outcomes of environmental destruction. In addition, the article also discusses how going green and becoming sustainable can save money for the consumers and producers. As consumers use less energy, reuse, reduce waist and follow other sustainable practices like shopping for compostable and environmentally-friendly products, not only will they lower the waist released into nature and the environment and lower the negative Running Head: ADDRESSING SUSTAINABILITY ON COLLEGE CAMPUSES 11 Scooby effects but will also save money doing so. They will not need to spend as much money on electricity, water and on unnecessary products. Producers would also save money by using safer and more reliable renewable energy practices, products, and sources. By also being environmentally friendly company, more people will most likely be willing to buy from them. Kulhman and Farrington share the benefits of becoming sustainability has one people. This piece was written and published in 2010, but I think that it’s still relevant to our topic and its information is still useful. The authors use other sources to support their claim and used data to make thei ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Annotated Bibliography
Name
Waldorf University

1

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

2
Annotated Bibliography

The following three sources have been annotated after deep research and understanding about
them.
Garret Sutton, (2012). Writing Winning Business Plans: How to Prepare a Business Plan that.
ISBN: 978-1-937832-36-0. From
https://books.google.co.ke/books?hl=en&lr=&id=HbaaAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&
dq=great+business+plan&ots=Fej6UcQ0dk&sig=eFTBFc_jRLmSVjJ6RAtuxXB8oN0&r
edir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=great%20business%20plan&f=false
This book gives a clear picture of how to write a top-quality business plan. The idea starts
with the desire to win in business. According to Robert Kiyosaki, the initial stages of
winning it big in business is to have a captivating business plan. The plan should be in such
a way that it attracts potential investors. The author shares his real-life experience in the
business field. After making it big with the first business plan, he becomes very successful
that he forgets to patent his business. After an expo in Los Angeles, he realizes that the
competitors use his products in the market. He, together with his partners, become helpless
because they could not make any claims of the patent. They later become bankrupt and
learn the hard way. They take a break and then learn better ideas on a business plan. They
go through a lot of struggle to get things right but in the end, achieves the dream.
The book is an excellent secure because it gives a real-life connection to conceptualize the
need to have a good business plan. The source is very dynamic in providing different
approaches to business plan ...

Paulidavo (12381)
University of Virginia

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