Examination of a Black Leader Malcom X Paper

Question Description

I’m stuck on a Writing question and need an explanation.

As part of the course requirements, each student is required to submit a second paper. Your paper should critically examine topics related to the intersection of race and cinema in the post-1960s period. The topics below are provided to assist you in developing your final paper. This paper should be 7-9pages in length and must adhere to the following guidelines. The paper has to demonstrate your ability to apply theoretical concepts to reading race on screen. Additionally, it should be argumentative, reflect your ability to critically examine racial representations in cinema, and demonstrate your ability to formulate original ideas. Please consult a variety of sources including: class lectures, assigned reading materials, course pack, reserve reading material, e-resources, dvds/videos (on reserve at the Media Resources Center), etc. In conducting research for this paper you need to consult journal articles, on-line resources, books, documents, etc. This paper constitutes one-fourth of your grade and should reflect your best effort. The paper is due November 19, 2019 and class presentations (which have been selected from these papers) will be held on December 3, 2019 (last day of class).

1) Select a picture that has been re-made and examine how these versions compare to or

differ from each other in their representation of African Americans.

The Defiant Ones (1958 Sidney Poitier & Tony Curtis) /Fled (1996 Laurence Fishburne);

To Kill a Mockingbird (1962)/ A Time to Kill (1996 Samuel Jackson)/

Cry the Beloved Country (Sidney Poitier, Canada Lee)/Cry the Beloved Country (James Earl Jones);

Shaft (1971, Richard Roundtree)/Shaft (2000 Samuel L. Jackson);

King Kong (1933)/King Kong (2005);

Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner (1967)/Guess Who (2005);

Twelve Years a Slave (2013)/ Half Slave/Half Free;

Manchurian Candidate (1962)/Manchurian Candidate (2004 Denzel Washington)

Home of the Brave (1949)/Home of the Brave (2006 Samuel Jackson);

Superfly (1972)/Superfly (2018)

2) Examine how African American physicians historically have been transformed onscreen and assess how this screen

image has improved or deteriorated (i.e. No Way Out, Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, Eve’s Bayou).

3) Examine the construction of race in films involving serial killers or tormentors (i.e. Summer of Sam, Kiss the Girls,

Seven, No Good Deed, Traffik).

4) Select an actor or actress and develop a guiding argument that will allow you to examine his/her body of works

with respect to how they have been transformed onscreen (Chadwick Boseman, Michael B. Jordan, Lupita

Nyong’o, Denzel Washington, Kerry Washington, Angela Bassett, Laurence Fishburne, Whoopi Goldberg,

Samuel Jackson, Morgan Freeman, Jamie Foxx, Cuba Gooding, Michael Early, Kevin Hart, Taye Diggs, Morris

Chestnut, Dwayne Johnson, Jada Pinkett, Vivica Fox, Alfre Woodard, Halle Berry, Will Smith, Cuba Gooding, Terence Howard, Forest, Whitaker, Kerry Washington, Viola Davis, Sanaa Lathan, Gabrielle Union, Tariji P. Henson; Octavia Spencer, Beyonce, Danny Glover, Idris Elba, etc.)

5) Examine how the African American family has been presented onscreen from the 1960s to the present (i.e. Once

Upon a Time, When We Were Colored, A Raisin in the Sun, The Preacher's Wife, Eve’s Bayou, Crooklyn, Inkwell, Soul Food, Beloved, Color Purple, Precious, The Butler, Precious, Fences etc.)

6) Examine how African Americans in the military have been depicted onscreen (i.e.Glory, A Soldier’s Story,

Tuskegee Airmen, Buffalo Soldiers, Courage Under Fire, Crimson Tide, Three Kings, Miracle at St. Anna, Red Tails)

7) Assess how institutions of higher learning have been depicted onscreen (i.e. School Daze,

Higher Learning, Great Debaters, Dear White People, etc.)

8) Examine how interracial relationships have been reconstructed onscreen (i.e. Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner, One

Potato, Two Potato, Jungle Fever, Body Guard, Jackie Brown,

Bulworth, Mississippi Masala, One False Move, Monster’s Ball, Something New, Shadowboxer, Black

Snake Moan, Lakeview Terrace, Four Brothers, Flight, Belle, Get Out, Dear White People).

9) Explore the relationship between rap artists and cinema based on a guiding argument (Ice Cube, Ice Tea, Queen Latifah,

Tupac, Heavy D, Will Smith, Mos Def, Snoop Dog, Fifty Cents, Ludacris, Xzibit, Outkast, Bow Wow, Nelly, Eve,

Common, Kendrick Lamar, Drake, Lil Wayne, Kendrick Lamar, J. Cole, Eninem, Nicki Minaj, Cardi B, Beyonce,

Jay-Z, Kanye West, Chance the Rapper, NAS, Ice Cube, Meek Mill, etc. etc.)

10) Examine how black militancy has been transformed onscreen (i.e. Panther, Malcolm X, Django Unchained, Birth of

a Nation).

11) Examine the evolution of black horror films in cinema (i.e. Blacula, Tales from the Hood,

Def by Temptation, To Sleep with Anger, Last Vampire in Brooklyn, Scream Blacula Scream, Candyman,

Tyler Perry’s Boo, Get Out, Traffik, etc.)

12) Assess how black male camaraderie has been transformed on screen and discuss how black

masculinity is presented in these films (i.e. Cooley High, Boyz in the Hood, Juice, New Jack City, Menace II Society, Get on the Bus, Five Heartbeats, The Best Man, The Wood, Life, Baby Boy, Drumline, The Brothers, Idlewild, Barbershop, Fruitvale Station, Straight Out of Compton, Moonlight, All Eyez On Me, etc.)

13) Compare and contrast the black detective to the white detective (i.e. Shaft vs. James Bond, Seven, Enemy of the

State, True Crime, Kiss the Girls, Man on Fire, High Crimes, Inside Man, Déjà vu, Shaft, The Taking of Pelham, 123, Central Intelligence, etc.)

14) Examine Black/White Buddy Films (i.e. Danny Glover, Eddie Murphy, Keenan Wayans,

Morgan Freeman – (i.e. Lethal Weapon I, II, III, IV, Shawshank Redemption, Seven, Beverly Hills

Cops, The Last Boy Scout, Kiss the Girls, Money Train, Pulp Fiction, Training Day, Miami Vice, The

Taking of Pelham 123, Shawshank Redemption, Safe House, Django, Two Guns, Safehouse, Creed, Central

Intelligence, Creed II)

15) Explore Black Love as reconstructed in cinema (i.e. Lady Sings the Blues, A Warm

December, Poetic Justice, Higher Learning, Love Jones, Boomerang, A Thin Line

Between Love and Hate, Jason's Lyric, What's Love Got to Do with It, Waiting to

Exhale, Love Jones, How Stella Got Her Groove Back, The Preacher's Wife, Why Do Fools

Fall in Love, Love and Basketball, Disappearing Acts, Why Did I Get Married, Why Did I Get Married II, Deliver Us from Eva, Boomerang, Something New, Jumping the Broom, Southside with You, Fruitvale Station, Moonlight)

16) Examine the evolution of the drug dealer onscreen (Superfly, New Jack City, Juice, Menace II Society, Boy z

‘n theHood, Straight Out of Compton, Sugar Hill, Hustle and Flow, American Gangster, Fruitvale Station)

17) Examine black westerns in cinema (i.e. Buck and the Preacher, Posse, Wild Wild West, Django)

18) Examine black female camaraderie as transformed on the screen (i.e. Set It Off, Waiting

to Exhale, Soul Food, How Stella Got Her Groove Back, Dream Girls, The Help, Girls Trip, Hidden Figures,


19) Critically examine the works of a contemporary black filmmaker based on a guiding argument provided (i.e. Ryan

Coogler, Spike Lee, Bill Duke, Forest Whitaker, Julie Dash, Mario Van Peebles, John Singleton, F. Gary Gray,

Robert Townsend, Kasi Lemons, Carl Franklin, Lee Daniels, Tyler Perry, Ann DuVernay, Gina Prince-Bythwood;

Malcolm Lee, Darnell Martin; Euzhan Palcy, etc.). Explore the impact of his/her works on the

African American screen image and spectators.

20) Examine black bio-films or bio-pics (Malcolm X, Dorothy Dandridge Story, Hurricane, Ali, Ray, Last King of

Scotland, Cadillac Records, The Butler, Forty-two, Race, Get On Up, What’s Love Got to Do with It,

Marshal, Henrietta Lacks, Hidden Figures, Last King of Scotland, Lady Sings the Blues, Detroit, Legend of

Bagger Vance, Hurricane, Nina, Twelve Years a Slave, Forty-Two, Dolemite Is My Name, Miles Ahead, Notorious, Harriet, Marshall, Green Book, All Eyez On Me, Leadbelly, etc).

21) Explore films that attempt to examine the issue of transgressing racial difference (Watermelon Man, Soul Man,

White Man's Burden, True Identity, Bulworth, Human Stain, Devil in a Blue Dress, Belle)

22) Compare and contrast black exploitation films to “hood” films produced in the early 1990s (Boyz N the Hood,

Menace II Society, Juice, Sugar Hill, New Jack City, Straight Out of Brooklyn, Fruitvale Station, Straight Out of Compton, Superfly, etc.).

23) Examine African American history when transformed onscreen (Rosewood, Ghosts of Mississippi, Malcolm X,

The Tuskegee Airmen, Josephine Baker Story, Mississippi Burning, Lean On Me, Glory, Amistad, Medgar Evers Story, Four Little Girls, The Last King of Scotland, Red Tails, Django, Forty-two, The Butler, Twelve Years a Slave, Selma, Birth of a Nation, Detroit, Race, Django Unchained, Black Klansman, Loving, Hidden Figures).

24) Examine the African American athlete when transformed onscreen (Cooley High, Cornbread Earl and Me, Boyz

n' the Hood, He Got Game, Hurricane, Jerry Maguire, Ali, Remember the Titans, Any Given Sunday,

Forty-Two, Race, Creed, Creed II)

25) Examine the African American novel/play/literary work when transformed onscreen (Devil in a Blue

Dress, Beloved, Waiting to Exhale, Color Purple, Once Upon A Time When We

Were Colored, Knock On Any Door, Native Son, How Stella Got Her Groove Back, I Know

Why the Caged Bird Sings, Their Eyes Are Watching God, Disappearing Acts, Precious, The Butler, The Help, Precious, Fences, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, Native Son, Twelve Years a Slave, etc.)

26) Examine the black male/female as a gangster/criminal (i.e. Hoodlum, Rage in Harlem, Jackie Brown,

Set It Off, New Jack City, Menace to Society, Boy z N the Hood, Hurricane, True Crime, Green Mile, Life, Idlewild, Hustle and Flow, Shadowboxer, American Gangster, Fruitvale Station, Proud Mary, Superfly)

27) Examine black presidents/leaders (Mandela and DeKlerk, Malcolm X, Head of State, Deep Impact, The Last King

of Scotland, Selma)

28) Examine the representation of African American athletes in documentary films (Hoop

Dreams, When We Were Kings, Jim Brown: All American Athlete, Race, Forty-Two, Ali, Creed, Creed II).

29) Examine black father/son or daughter relationships (i.e. Boy z N the Hood, He Got Game, Baby Boy, John Q,

Pursuit of Happyness, The Butler, Fruitvale Station, Creed, Creed II, Moonlight, etc.).

30) Examine the construction of race – whiteness/blackness (i.e. Bulworth, Jackie Brown,

Summer of Sam, American History X, Bamboozled, Remember the Titans, Crash, Lakeview Terrace, Black Snake Moan, The Blind Side, Shadowboxer, The Help, The Butler, Flight, Dear White People, Get Out).

31) Examine the neutralization of blackness in cinema (i.e. Deep Blue Sea, Bone Collector, Pelican Brief, Man on Fire,

The Help, Flight, Book of Eli, The Blind Side).

32) Examine black superheroes (i.e. Hancock, Seven Pounds, Book of Eli, Catwoman, Django Unchained, Black


33) Examine films that interrogate race and at the same time parody racial representation (i.e. Dear White People,

Bamboozled, Get Out, Loving, Dolemite is My Name, etc.)


1) Title page that includes the title of paper, full name, PID number

2) Typed and Double-Spaced/Times New Roman Style Preferred

3) Adhere to basic rules on Grammar and Style

4) Contain Footnotes or Endnotes (Parenthetical Documentation is accepta


5) Include Bibliography

6) Legible, Near Letter Quality or Better (Original Dark Copies)

7) Pages should be Numbered and in Correct Order

8) Please do not print paper on front and back

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Final Answer

Hi, check the attached paper.

Running head: MALCOM X


Examination of a Black Leader: Malcom X

Authors Note



Malcom X is considered to be a black charismatic leader Muslim leader of the early
1960s and late 1950s. He is among the most prominent personalities of the 20th century. His
name is a symbol of greatness, and to his admirers, he is a representation of black pride, selfdetermination, defiance, and black empowerment. He was born as Malcom in 1925. His father
was an outspoken Baptist minister and an avid supporter of Marcus Garvey. His mother was a
homemaker who occupied herself with the taking of a family of eight children. The family
relocated twice before the fourth birthday of Malcom X due to death threats from white
supremacist organizations (Zakaria, 2016). Malcolm's father was killed in1929 because of his
civil rights activism. Although white supremacist organization Black Legion was responsible for
the murder, the incident was ruled as an accident by the police. The family was adversely
affected by the loss of a breadwinner. Malcolm's mother suffered an emotional breakdown and
was admitted to a mental institution. Her children were forced to live in various orphanages and
foster care homes. The early life experience played a key role in shaping Malcom to become a
vibrant leader who advocated for the rights of the minority.
In 1946, Malcom was arrested for burglary and imprisoned for 10 years. After seven
years in prison, he was paroled. During his time in prison, He converted to Islam due to the
influence of his brother. He started reading the teachings of Elijah Muhammad that advocated for
freedom and separation from white supremacy. The white society was considered to be a
stumbling block to the empowerment and liberation of African America. Malcom resonated with
Islam teaching since it advocated for African Americans to fight for a state of their own to attain
socio-economic and political freedom. Malcom was a devoted Muslim by the time he was
paroled in 1952. He adopted a new surname called X to signify that he had lost his tribal name.


Malcom X leadership style

Examining the leadership models and theories are essential in understanding why certain
leaders are successful, and others are considered failures. Commitment, experience, knowledge,
patience, and negotiation skills required to work with others in attaining certain defined
objectives are critical for an individual to become a good leader. Although it may be argued that
great leaders are naturally born like in the case of Malcom X, it is possible to enhance leadership
abilities through training, education, self-study, and accumulation of relevant experience. The
basis of strong leadership is considered to be selfless devotion and strong character. Malcom X is
depicted as an authentic leader of his time (Tshaka, 2015). The basis of authentic leadership (AL)
is authenticity, which entails being true and real in every situation. As the world migrates
towards a knowledge-based economy, AL has become of great importance. It has been linked to
several desirable outcomes such as enhanced performance, creativity, and harmony. Malcom X is
one of the greatest leaders in the 20th century whose leadership can be examined based on the
AL concept.
Malcom X was considered to be a natural-born leader due to his exceptional oratory
skills. He had an incessant drive and ability to command the masses through repetitive pet theme.
He could speak rapidly and overtop others. He demonstrated his leadership ability as a child
through remarkable effectiveness as a leader of his peers. Contingency theory is an applicable
concept during the early life of Malcom X because of the social context during that period. His
style of leadership is described at harping, combative and assertive during that stage of life, and
perfectly fits into the situation and the type of individuals he interacted with. At the time, he
interacted with those who only respected muscle and might (Liu, 2018). Malcom X's leadership



style is depicted as transformation and confrontational and played a key role in enabling him to
develop a focused and militaristic following.
Authenticity and genuineness were two critical attributes that made Malcom X highly
appealing in his later life. He was a true authentic leader who openly expressed his pleasures and
displeasures with no apology. Malcom X often reiterated the conviction that he and his followers
should never sellout. The principle of selling out violated everything he stood for and would
stray his followers away from the truth and back into the control of oppressors. Malcom X
opposed the government, social system, and the attitudes of those in power. His leadership
approach was built from his youth based on his life experience and went through a
transformation into a more positive conduit (Liu, 2018). He developed a connection between
personal expression and prevailing circumstance of the times thereby pushing forward the
meaningful agenda for social change.
Malcom X mastered the art of empowering others by being able to transform the lives of
followers. He gave his followers confidence that he displayed by confronting the injustices of the
system that exercised racial profiling and oppression of African Americans. He instilled a sense
of power to make people feel more powerful. He delivered powerful lectures that touched the
hearts of many in a way that feel they had the power to transform their lives. Malcom X depicted
transformational leadership qualities (Tshaka, 2015). He rose to the top leadership of the Nation
of Islam due to his masterful oration. Many black movements were attracted by his strong
conviction in the rightness of the cause, his powerful arguments, and steadfast deliveries towards
those opposed to his ideologies.
Malcom demonstrated AL when he led black protesters in Los Angeles outside a city
prison in demanding the release of African Americans who were unjustly imprisoned. Al is



founded based on the principle of ethical actions, honesty, and openness. The protesters had
absolute faith in Malcolm's ability to judge rightly,...

proquest (2757)
Rice University

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