Hunter College Criminal Justice Using Evidence-Based Criteria Paper

CUNY Hunter College

Question Description

I’m trying to study for my Law course and I need some help to understand this question.

Before moving forward with this assignment, I want the topic idea to be approved by myself. Please review the attached document for the outline of the assignment. This assignment is graduate mastery work. This assignment must be proof read, have APA format with proper formatting and spacing, must have references and must meet each assignment requirement. In addition to references, I will need article access two the two articles needed specifically for the assignement as that is apart of the requirement.

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Silberman School of Social Work Hunter College City University of New York Evidence Based Practices in the Criminal Justice System Fall 2019 Due: November 13, 2019 The purpose of this assignment is to apply evidence-based criteria to a treatment/intervention for criminal justice-involved population(s), and to better understand the review process that rates an intervention as evidence-based. Paper should be APA, double-spaced and approximately 10-15 pages in length. Upload a copy of your paper only in Blackboard. Submit in class a copy of your paper and a copy of the two articles you have selected. 1. Select an intervention that has been indicated for a criminal justice-involved population(s) (i.e., motivational interviewing) either adult or juvenile (Do not include functional family therapy). Describe the intervention and the population. 2. Search numerous electronic registries to identify whether the intervention is listed in the registry. Is the intervention listed? If so, describe some of the characteristics of the treatment/intervention such as the population, costs and certification issues. If the intervention is not listed in the registry, use the reading to describe why this may be the case. Identify all of the registries you have searched. 3. Search electronic databases to locate two (2) full-text articles that investigate the effectiveness of the treatment/intervention. Articles should be published within the past 5 years. 4. Summarize the study methodology: (a) the sample (sample size, age, race/ethnicity, presenting problems, and attrition), random assignment, randomized controlled trial, (b) study design (randomized controlled trial, quasi-experimental), (c) outcome measures (drug use, recidivism); describe pretest/posttest measures, reliability, validity, test-retest reliability, (d) setting, and (e) major findings - did each study find that the intervention was effective? For whom? For what types of presenting problems? 5. Apply and rate each study based on the Maryland Scientific Methods Scale. ...
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Final Answer


OUTLINE: Treatment for Criminal Justice Using Evidence-Based Criteria
The attached paper entails the following components;


Gould, Burger & Newham (2016) define Criminal justice as the provision of
fairness for individuals who have committed crimes and may be incarcerated


The current legal system focuses more on identifying those who have committed
crimes and placing them behind bars

o Therefore, an intervention is required to mitigate criminal justice menace.

The intervention for criminal justice

The prisons, to no small extent, act as punishment centers instead of being
correction centers for those who commit crimes

o Therefore, the three evidence-based criteria towards achieving criminal justice are,
following the criminal justice protocol, addressing the root causes of crime, and
Training the imprisoned individuals to change behavior and gain expertise

The target population

Those who need criminal justice most are the incarcerated inmates, specifically
the minorities who are more vulnerable.

The Criminal Justice Protocol

Criminal justice frameworks should entail five parts. They include law
enforcement, prosecution, defense, court hearing, and rectifications

Training the imprisoned individuals to change behavior and gain expertise

The majority of the convicts have low education qualifications. As a result, their
critical thinking capacity is low

o The training should aim to enhance their rationality, critical thinking, and above all,
employment-related training so that they will be productive when they are released
from prison (Duwe, 2017).

Training inmates will also reduce prison misconduct. It is because the inmates

Addressing The Root Causes of Crime

Biological theory

As per ÖZDEMİR, F., & ÖNER-ÖZKAN, B (2017), biological explanations
concentrate on the idea that, with natural settings, individuals are brought into the
world with the intent to/not commit crimes based on the DNA or biological
character passed down from the parents


There should be set places where these people suffering from this biological
disorder, which causes them to carry out crimes, are all admitted and stay.

The strain theory

The strain theory entails that poverty is the primary driver of crime and that the
answer to the problem of criminality is to render everybody wealthy or equal

environmental factors theory

the environment of an individual is essential. An individual who grows in crimeinfested areas is likely to commit a crime


Gentrification should be pursued to adjust the environmental setup. It entails
altering a neighborhood through the influx of people

Rational choice theory
o In rational choice theory, people are thought to be balanced. They, in this manner,
settle on decisions that entail an advantage
o Therefore, where there is a higher likelihood of being detected and facing severe
discipline for misconduct, offenses are avoided.
o These criminal activities ought to be monitored closely, and the government makes
sure that these criminals are arrested.

Biochemical theory
o There is also a biochemical theory, which states that the inorganic and natural
substances in the body can influence criminal behavior. This theory gives
consistency for medications or
o many traffic offenses are as a result of driving under the influence of alcohol.

The Maryland Scientific Methods Scale
o The scale screens the robustness of the evaluation methods and then ranks the
studies in five levers: Level 1, level 2, level 3, and level 5 ("The Maryland Scientific
Methods Scale (SMS) | What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth," 2019).
o The two studies will be ranked on level one because they do not entail statistical
analysis us...

EngDuke1993 (14036)
Cornell University

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