Business Finance
Central Missouri Financial Analysis Planning and Control Questions

Central Missouri

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ONLINE BOOK: Foundations of Finance Author: J. Keown https://ereader.chegg.com/#/books/9780134084084/cfi/6/96!/4/2/14/16/2/2/2/2@0:0 Username: S_75haynes@yahoo.com Password: chegg4BOOKS Directions 1. Answer the (4) questions 2. Use the "Time Value of Money Table" attached to help answer the questions 3. Show work Table A -1 Present Value of $1 Due at the End of n Periods: Equation: Financial Calculator Keys: PVIFr , n = Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 1 (1 + r ) n 1% 0.9901 0.9803 0.9706 0.9610 0.9515 0.9420 0.9327 0.9235 0.9143 0.9053 0.8963 0.8874 0.8787 0.8700 0.8613 0.8528 0.8444 0.8360 0.8277 0.8195 0.8114 0.8034 0.7954 0.7876 0.7798 0.7720 0.7644 0.7568 0.7493 0.7419 0.6717 0.6080 2% 0.9804 0.9612 0.9423 0.9238 0.9057 0.8880 0.8706 0.8535 0.8368 0.8203 0.8043 0.7885 0.7730 0.7579 0.7430 0.7284 0.7142 0.7002 0.6864 0.6730 0.6598 0.6468 0.6342 0.6217 0.6095 0.5976 0.5859 0.5744 0.5631 0.5521 0.4529 0.3715 n N 3% 0.9709 0.9426 0.9151 0.8885 0.8626 0.8375 0.8131 0.7894 0.7664 0.7441 0.7224 0.7014 0.6810 0.6611 0.6419 0.6232 0.6050 0.5874 0.5703 0.5537 0.5375 0.5219 0.5067 0.4919 0.4776 0.4637 0.4502 0.4371 0.4243 0.4120 0.3066 0.2281 4% 0.9615 0.9246 0.8890 0.8548 0.8219 0.7903 0.7599 0.7307 0.7026 0.6756 0.6496 0.6246 0.6006 0.5775 0.5553 0.5339 0.5134 0.4936 0.4746 0.4564 0.4388 0.4220 0.4057 0.3901 0.3751 0.3607 0.3468 0.3335 0.3207 0.3083 0.2083 0.1407 r I 5% 0.9524 0.9070 0.8638 0.8227 0.7835 0.7462 0.7107 0.6768 0.6446 0.6139 0.5847 0.5568 0.5303 0.5051 0.4810 0.4581 0.4363 0.4155 0.3957 0.3769 0.3589 0.3418 0.3256 0.3101 0.2953 0.2812 0.2678 0.2551 0.2429 0.2314 0.1420 0.0872 1.0 PV 6% 0.9434 0.8900 0.8396 0.7921 0.7473 0.7050 0.6651 0.6274 0.5919 0.5584 0.5268 0.4970 0.4688 0.4423 0.4173 0.3936 0.3714 0.3503 0.3305 0.3118 0.2942 0.2775 0.2618 0.2470 0.2330 0.2198 0.2074 0.1956 0.1846 0.1741 0.0972 0.0543 0 PMT 7% 0.9346 0.8734 0.8163 0.7629 0.7130 0.6663 0.6227 0.5820 0.5439 0.5083 0.4751 0.4440 0.4150 0.3878 0.3624 0.3387 0.3166 0.2959 0.2765 0.2584 0.2415 0.2257 0.2109 0.1971 0.1842 0.1722 0.1609 0.1504 0.1406 0.1314 0.0668 0.0339 8% 0.9259 0.8573 0.7938 0.7350 0.6806 0.6302 0.5835 0.5403 0.5002 0.4632 0.4289 0.3971 0.3677 0.3405 0.3152 0.2919 0.2703 0.2502 0.2317 0.2145 0.1987 0.1839 0.1703 0.1577 0.1460 0.1352 0.1252 0.1159 0.1073 0.0994 0.0460 0.0213 FV 9% 0.9174 0.8417 0.7722 0.7084 0.6499 0.5963 0.5470 0.5019 0.4604 0.4224 0.3875 0.3555 0.3262 0.2992 0.2745 0.2519 0.2311 0.2120 0.1945 0.1784 0.1637 0.1502 0.1378 0.1264 0.1160 0.1064 0.0976 0.0895 0.0822 0.0754 0.0318 0.0134 10% 0.9091 0.8264 0.7513 0.6830 0.6209 0.5645 0.5132 0.4665 0.4241 0.3855 0.3505 0.3186 0.2897 0.2633 0.2394 0.2176 0.1978 0.1799 0.1635 0.1486 0.1351 0.1228 0.1117 0.1015 0.0923 0.0839 0.0763 0.0693 0.0630 0.0573 0.0221 0.0085 12% 0.8929 0.7972 0.7118 0.6355 0.5674 0.5066 0.4523 0.4039 0.3606 0.3220 0.2875 0.2567 0.2292 0.2046 0.1827 0.1631 0.1456 0.1300 0.1161 0.1037 0.0926 0.0826 0.0738 0.0659 0.0588 0.0525 0.0469 0.0419 0.0374 0.0334 0.0107 0.0035 14% 0.8772 0.7695 0.6750 0.5921 0.5194 0.4556 0.3996 0.3506 0.3075 0.2697 0.2366 0.2076 0.1821 0.1597 0.1401 0.1229 0.1078 0.0946 0.0829 0.0728 0.0638 0.0560 0.0491 0.0431 0.0378 0.0331 0.0291 0.0255 0.0224 0.0196 0.0053 0.0014 Table A – 2 Present Value of an Annuity of $1 per Period for n Periods: Equation: Financial Calculator Keys: 1− PVIFAr , n = Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 1% 0.9901 1.9704 2.9410 3.9020 4.8534 5.7955 6.7282 7.6517 8.5660 9.4713 10.3676 11.2551 12.1337 13.0037 13.8651 14.7179 15.5623 16.3983 17.2260 18.0456 18.8570 19.6604 20.4558 21.2434 22.0232 22.7952 23.5596 24.3164 25.0658 25.8077 32.8347 39.1961 1 (1 + r ) n r 2% 0.9804 1.9416 2.8839 3.8077 4.7135 5.6014 6.4720 7.3255 8.1622 8.9826 9.7868 10.5753 11.3484 12.1062 12.8493 13.5777 14.2919 14.9920 15.6785 16.3514 17.0112 17.6580 18.2922 18.9139 19.5235 20.1210 20.7069 21.2813 21.8444 22.3965 27.3555 31.4236 n N 3% 0.9709 1.9135 2.8286 3.7171 4.5797 5.4172 6.2303 7.0197 7.7861 8.5302 9.2526 9.9540 10.6350 11.2961 11.9379 12.5611 13.1661 13.7535 14.3238 14.8775 15.4150 15.9369 16.4436 16.9355 17.4131 17.8768 18.3270 18.7641 19.1885 19.6004 23.1148 25.7298 4% 0.9615 1.8861 2.7751 3.6299 4.4518 5.2421 6.0021 6.7327 7.4353 8.1109 8.7605 9.3851 9.9856 10.5631 11.1184 11.6523 12.1657 12.6593 13.1339 13.5903 14.0292 14.4511 14.8568 15.2470 15.6221 15.9828 16.3296 16.6631 16.9837 17.2920 19.7928 21.4822 5% 0.9524 1.8594 2.7232 3.5460 4.3295 5.0757 5.7864 6.4632 7.1078 7.7217 8.3064 8.8633 9.3936 9.8986 10.3797 10.8378 11.2741 11.6896 12.0853 12.4622 12.8212 13.1630 13.4886 13.7986 14.0939 14.3752 14.6430 14.8981 15.1411 15.3725 17.1591 18.2559 r I 6% 0.9434 1.8334 2.6730 3.4651 4.2124 4.9173 5.5824 6.2098 6.8017 7.3601 7.8869 8.3838 8.8527 9.2950 9.7122 10.1059 10.4773 10.8276 11.1581 11.4699 11.7641 12.0416 12.3034 12.5504 12.7834 13.0032 13.2105 13.4062 13.5907 13.7648 15.0463 15.7619 1.0 PV 7% 0.9346 1.8080 2.6243 3.3872 4.1002 4.7665 5.3893 5.9713 6.5152 7.0236 7.4987 7.9427 8.3577 8.7455 9.1079 9.4466 9.7632 10.0591 10.3356 10.5940 10.8355 11.0612 11.2722 11.4693 11.6536 11.8258 11.9867 12.1371 12.2777 12.4090 13.3317 13.8007 0 PMT 8% 0.9259 1.7833 2.5771 3.3121 3.9927 4.6229 5.2064 5.7466 6.2469 6.7101 7.1390 7.5361 7.9038 8.2442 8.5595 8.8514 9.1216 9.3719 9.6036 9.8181 10.0168 10.2007 10.3711 10.5288 10.6748 10.8100 10.9352 11.0511 11.1584 11.2578 11.9246 12.2335 FV 9% 0.9174 1.7591 2.5313 3.2397 3.8897 4.4859 5.0330 5.5348 5.9952 6.4177 6.8052 7.1607 7.4869 7.7862 8.0607 8.3126 8.5436 8.7556 8.9501 9.1285 9.2922 9.4424 9.5802 9.7066 9.8226 9.9290 10.0266 10.1161 10.1983 10.2737 10.7574 10.9617 10% 0.9091 1.7355 2.4869 3.1699 3.7908 4.3553 4.8684 5.3349 5.7590 6.1446 6.4951 6.8137 7.1034 7.3667 7.6061 7.8237 8.0216 8.2014 8.3649 8.5136 8.6487 8.7715 8.8832 8.9847 9.0770 9.1609 9.2372 9.3066 9.3696 9.4269 9.7791 9.9148 12% 0.8929 1.6901 2.4018 3.0373 3.6048 4.1114 4.5638 4.9676 5.3282 5.6502 5.9377 6.1944 6.4235 6.6282 6.8109 6.9740 7.1196 7.2497 7.3658 7.4694 7.5620 7.6446 7.7184 7.7843 7.8431 7.8957 7.9426 7.9844 8.0218 8.0552 8.2438 8.3045 Table A – 3 Future Value of $1 at the End of n Periods: Equation: Financial Calculator Keys: FVIFr ,n = (1 + r ) Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 1% 1.0100 1.0201 1.0303 1.0406 1.0510 1.0615 1.0721 1.0829 1.0937 1.1046 1.1157 1.1268 1.1381 1.1495 1.1610 1.1726 1.1843 1.1961 1.2081 1.2202 1.2324 1.2447 1.2572 1.2697 1.2824 1.2953 1.3082 1.3213 1.3345 1.3478 1.4889 1.6446 n N n 2% 1.0200 1.0404 1.0612 1.0824 1.1041 1.1262 1.1487 1.1717 1.1951 1.2190 1.2434 1.2682 1.2936 1.3195 1.3459 1.3728 1.4002 1.4282 1.4568 1.4859 1.5157 1.5460 1.5769 1.6084 1.6406 1.6734 1.7069 1.7410 1.7758 1.8114 2.2080 2.6916 3% 1.0300 1.0609 1.0927 1.1255 1.1593 1.1941 1.2299 1.2668 1.3048 1.3439 1.3842 1.4258 1.4685 1.5126 1.5580 1.6047 1.6528 1.7024 1.7535 1.8061 1.8603 1.9161 1.9736 2.0328 2.0938 2.1566 2.2213 2.2879 2.3566 2.4273 3.2620 4.3839 r I 4% 1.0400 1.0816 1.1249 1.1699 1.2167 1.2653 1.3159 1.3686 1.4233 1.4802 1.5395 1.6010 1.6651 1.7317 1.8009 1.8730 1.9479 2.0258 2.1068 2.1911 2.2788 2.3699 2.4647 2.5633 2.6658 2.7725 2.8834 2.9987 3.1187 3.2434 4.8010 7.1067 5% 1.0500 1.1025 1.1576 1.2155 1.2763 1.3401 1.4071 1.4775 1.5513 1.6289 1.7103 1.7959 1.8856 1.9799 2.0789 2.1829 2.2920 2.4066 2.5270 2.6533 2.7860 2.9253 3.0715 3.2251 3.3864 3.5557 3.7335 3.9201 4.1161 4.3219 7.0400 11.4674 1.0 PV 6% 1.0600 1.1236 1.1910 1.2625 1.3382 1.4185 1.5036 1.5938 1.6895 1.7908 1.8983 2.0122 2.1329 2.2609 2.3966 2.5404 2.6928 2.8543 3.0256 3.2071 3.3996 3.6035 3.8197 4.0489 4.2919 4.5494 4.8223 5.1117 5.4184 5.7435 10.2857 18.4202 0 PMT 7% 1.0700 1.1449 1.2250 1.3108 1.4026 1.5007 1.6058 1.7182 1.8385 1.9672 2.1049 2.2522 2.4098 2.5785 2.7590 2.9522 3.1588 3.3799 3.6165 3.8697 4.1406 4.4304 4.7405 5.0724 5.4274 5.8074 6.2139 6.6488 7.1143 7.6123 14.9745 29.4570 FV 8% 1.0800 1.1664 1.2597 1.3605 1.4693 1.5869 1.7138 1.8509 1.9990 2.1589 2.3316 2.5182 2.7196 2.9372 3.1722 3.4259 3.7000 3.9960 4.3157 4.6610 5.0338 5.4365 5.8715 6.3412 6.8485 7.3964 7.9881 8.6271 9.3173 10.0627 21.7245 46.9016 9% 1.0900 1.1881 1.2950 1.4116 1.5386 1.6771 1.8280 1.9926 2.1719 2.3674 2.5804 2.8127 3.0658 3.3417 3.6425 3.9703 4.3276 4.7171 5.1417 5.6044 6.1088 6.6586 7.2579 7.9111 8.6231 9.3992 10.2451 11.1671 12.1722 13.2677 31.4094 74.3575 10% 1.1000 1.2100 1.3310 1.4641 1.6105 1.7716 1.9487 2.1436 2.3579 2.5937 2.8531 3.1384 3.4523 3.7975 4.1772 4.5950 5.0545 5.5599 6.1159 6.7275 7.4002 8.1403 8.9543 9.8497 10.8347 11.9182 13.1100 14.4210 15.8631 17.4494 45.2593 117.3909 12% 1.1200 1.2544 1.4049 1.5735 1.7623 1.9738 2.2107 2.4760 2.7731 3.1058 3.4785 3.8960 4.3635 4.8871 5.4736 6.1304 6.8660 7.6900 8.6128 9.6463 10.8038 12.1003 13.5523 15.1786 17.0001 19.0401 21.3249 23.8839 26.7499 29.9599 93.0510 289.0022 Table A – 4 Future Value of an Annuity of $1 per Period for n Periods: Equation: FVIFAr ,n Period 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 Financial Calculator Keys: (1 + r ) n − 1 = r 1% 1.0000 2.0100 3.0301 4.0604 5.1010 6.1520 7.2135 8.2857 9.3685 10.4622 11.5668 12.6825 13.8093 14.9474 16.0969 17.2579 18.4304 19.6147 20.8109 22.0190 23.2392 24.4716 25.7163 26.9735 28.2432 29.5256 30.8209 32.1291 33.4504 34.7849 48.8864 64.4632 2% 1.0000 2.0200 3.0604 4.1216 5.2040 6.3081 7.4343 8.5830 9.7546 10.9497 12.1687 13.4121 14.6803 15.9739 17.2934 18.6393 20.0121 21.4123 22.8406 24.2974 25.7833 27.2990 28.8450 30.4219 32.0303 33.6709 35.3443 37.0512 38.7922 40.5681 60.4020 84.5794 n N 3% 1.0000 2.0300 3.0909 4.1836 5.3091 6.4684 7.6625 8.8923 10.1591 11.4639 12.8078 14.1920 15.6178 17.0863 18.5989 20.1569 21.7616 23.4144 25.1169 26.8704 28.6765 30.5368 32.4529 34.4265 36.4593 38.5530 40.7096 42.9309 45.2189 47.5754 75.4013 112.7969 4% 1.0000 2.0400 3.1216 4.2465 5.4163 6.6330 7.8983 9.2142 10.5828 12.0061 13.4864 15.0258 16.6268 18.2919 20.0236 21.8245 23.6975 25.6454 27.6712 29.7781 31.9692 34.2480 36.6179 39.0826 41.6459 44.3117 47.0842 49.9676 52.9663 56.0849 95.0255 152.6671 r I 5% 1.0000 2.0500 3.1525 4.3101 5.5256 6.8019 8.1420 9.5491 11.0266 12.5779 14.2068 15.9171 17.7130 19.5986 21.5786 23.6575 25.8404 28.1324 30.5390 33.0660 35.7193 38.5052 41.4305 44.5020 47.7271 51.1135 54.6691 58.4026 62.3227 66.4388 120.7998 209.3480 1.0 PV 6% 1.0000 2.0600 3.1836 4.3746 5.6371 6.9753 8.3938 9.8975 11.4913 13.1808 14.9716 16.8699 18.8821 21.0151 23.2760 25.6725 28.2129 30.9057 33.7600 36.7856 39.9927 43.3923 46.9958 50.8156 54.8645 59.1564 63.7058 68.5281 73.6398 79.0582 154.7620 290.3359 0 PMT 7% 1.0000 2.0700 3.2149 4.4399 5.7507 7.1533 8.6540 10.2598 11.9780 13.8164 15.7836 17.8885 20.1406 22.5505 25.1290 27.8881 30.8402 33.9990 37.3790 40.9955 44.8652 49.0057 53.4361 58.1767 63.2490 68.6765 74.4838 80.6977 87.3465 94.4608 199.6351 406.5289 FV 8% 1.0000 2.0800 3.2464 4.5061 5.8666 7.3359 8.9228 10.6366 12.4876 14.4866 16.6455 18.9771 21.4953 24.2149 27.1521 30.3243 33.7502 37.4502 41.4463 45.7620 50.4229 55.4568 60.8933 66.7648 73.1059 79.9544 87.3508 95.3388 103.9659 113.2832 259.0565 573.7702 9% 1.0000 2.0900 3.2781 4.5731 5.9847 7.5233 9.2004 11.0285 13.0210 15.1929 17.5603 20.1407 22.9534 26.0192 29.3609 33.0034 36.9737 41.3013 46.0185 51.1601 56.7645 62.8733 69.5319 76.7898 84.7009 93.3240 102.7231 112.9682 124.1354 136.3075 337.8824 815.0836 10% 1.0000 2.1000 3.3100 4.6410 6.1051 7.7156 9.4872 11.4359 13.5795 15.9374 18.5312 21.3843 24.5227 27.9750 31.7725 35.9497 40.5447 45.5992 51.1591 57.2750 64.0025 71.4027 79.5430 88.4973 98.3471 109.1818 121.0999 134.2099 148.6309 164.4940 442.5926 1163.9085 12% 1.0000 2.1200 3.3744 4.7793 6.3528 8.1152 10.0890 12.2997 14.7757 17.5487 20.6546 24.1331 28.0291 32.3926 37.2797 42.7533 48.8837 55.7497 63.4397 72.0524 81.6987 92.5026 104.6029 118.1552 133.3339 150.3339 169.3740 190.6989 214.5828 241.3327 767.0914 2400.0182 ONLINE BOOK: Foundations of Finance Author: J. Keown https://ereader.chegg.com/#/books/9780134084084/cfi/6/96!/4/2/14/16/2/2/2/2@0:0 Username: S_75haynes@yahoo.com Password: chegg4BOOKS Directions Using the companies "Nike vs Reebok" 1. Write a 5 page report following the directions on the "Suggestions/Guidelines for Research Project" a. There is a 12 page example, You can use it as a guide for the 5 pages to be used - Double spaced, APA standards 2. Complete a powerpoint presentations discussing your findings in the 5 page paper. The powerpoint only needs to be 10 minute in length to be brief. Microsoft vs. International Business Machines (IBM) Microsoft vs. International Business Machines (IBM) Financial Analysis February 4, 2017 1 Microsoft vs. International Business Machines (IBM) 2 Introduction Microsoft and Internet Business Machines (IBM) are fast-growing technology companies engaged in cloud-based computing businesses, along with other major competitors such as Google and Apple. After the collapse of the dot.com industries from the mid-90s to 2001, the age of cyber and information technology has resurfaced again to improve the way people live their lives (Anonymous, 2016). Technology has evolved changing the method in which people conduct business and communicate, exchanging information through the use of computers to cell phones to social media. In 1985, the two companies agreed on a joint venture to develop a new personal computer operating system. The new operating system launched in 1975. Microsoft’s and IBM’s development agreement expanded into new opportunities to offer a variety of systems software and enhancements to their OS/2 and MS-DOS products working with Intel microprocessors (Keiser, 2012). Microsoft over the past decade made more than $20 billion in annual earnings despite its declines and maintained an average 35% operating margin. The company has grown into a monopoly worth more than $290 billion in business which is roughly 40% less than its competitor Apple worth $460 billion (Yousuf, 2013). As of 2015, Microsoft’s rival competitor IBM has pulled in revenues $81.8 billion, with $17.7 billion in operating pre-tax income and operating Earnings per share (EPS) of $14.92. The company lists on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) around $167.34 a share with a volume of 2,875,433 as of January 13, 2017 (IBM about IBM, n.d.). Background In 1975, Bill Gates and Paul Allen cofounded Microsoft. Microsoft Corporations headquarter in Redmond, Washington is a multinational technology company and a global leader that provides a wide range of software, products, services and solutions to businesses and people around the world. Popular products and software such as Xbox, Windows Operating Systems, Skype, Microsoft Office Suite to include MS Word, PowerPoint, Excel, SharePoint and Outlook. (Facts about Microsoft, n.d.). In 1986, Microsoft launched its Initial Public Offering (IPO) and stocks sold for $21 a share. The stocks today are worth $62.46 a share which is a 197.42% increase since its initial offering in over a 30-year period. The company holds approximately 48,313 patents. In 1997, Microsoft made in investment $150 million dollars to save Apple from bankruptcy, which Steve Jobs announced during his first appearance. (Weinberger, 2016). International Business Machines (IBM) a multinational technology like its competitor Microsoft began in 1911. The IBM Corporation is headquarter Armonk, New York; started out as a ComputingTabulating Recording Company with $950,000 in revenue. Today, IBM is worth about $100 billion and employs over 425,000 people (Madrigal, 2011). This report is a review of annual reports for both Microsoft and IBM from 2011 to 2015. The financial report will cover highlights of the two companies using profitably ratios, liquidity ratios and efficiency ratios. The information provided to readers will give insight on Key Performance Indictors (KPIs) and financial health of the two companies up to the time this report is published. The calculations for this report was established to conduct a ratio analysis between two companies from 2011 -2015. Microsoft vs. International Business Machines (IBM) 3 Financial Analysis Overview A financial comparison was conducted with the data extracted for both Microsoft and IBM from the website Morningstar.com to construct the tables in this report. Below depicts the ratio averages for the technology industries, however, the table does not take into account the multiple lines of businesses each company engages in. Certain companies can exceed the financial ratio norms because each business can conduct their accounting processes slightly different from one another. Price and earnings ratio are imperative to investors to determine the value of a common stock. In this case, the chart below depicts the price and earnings ratios for several companies in the technology, software, electronics and services industries. Competitors to include Microsoft and IBM can cross several different industries as their businesses doesn’t solely comprise of a single business alone. The P/E ratios can be compared with an industry, however, the analysis is best conducted by capturing the averages of several industries that are comparable to one another. Competitive Price / Earnings Ratios 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Microsoft IBM Apple Oracle Cisco Systems Vmware SAP SE ADR Yahoo 2016 In the chart depicted below demonstrates cash flows of companies that are in direct competition with one another. Importantly, cash flow is what matters to evaluate the company’s financial health as one of the many methods to determine a viable investment opportunity. However, to keep in mind that negative cash flow can be an indicator of financial distress due to liquidity problems and used to assess a firm creditworthiness. Information pertaining to cash flow can provide insight on the firm’s management and as a key performance indicator compared to other financial ratios, which can offer a fixed perspective based on a point in time. All financial ratios as a whole are statistically significant for business operations, financial decision-making and investing (Piatti, 2014). Cash flow ratios for Microsoft and IBM are competitive from 2009 to 2016 compared to their competitors with the exception Yahoo whose ratios drastically fell between 2011 and 2014, and 2015. In 2014, Microsoft experience a cash flow decreased from $3.2 billion to $29.1 billion from operating cost due to an increased cost of production, materials and restructuring changes (Microsoft 2015 Annual Report, 2015). In the same year, IBM focused on “adapting to the continuously changing industry and economic environment, including the company’s transformation into cloud and -as-a-Service delivery models”, which enable the company to produce increase cash flow and shareholder value (2015 IBM Microsoft vs. International Business Machines (IBM) 4 Annual Report, 2015, p. 44). According to Pinkasoitch (2011), the Price / Cash flow ratios provides investors a good indication on how to invest money for long-term returns. Price / Cash Flow Ratios 60 40 20 0 -20 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 -40 -60 -80 -100 Microsoft IBM Apple Oracle Cisco Systems Vmware SAP SE ADR Yahoo Profitability Ratios This section focuses on profitability ratios. Since most businesses primary goal is profitability, it is important to assess each company’s performance depicted in figure 1-1, because it’s extremely difficult to remain in business or survive for a certain period of time. Evaluating past and current profitability ratios will assist in measuring each company’s effectiveness in managing their internal assets, which is imperative to stakeholders, investors ...
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Running head: FINANCIAL ANALYSIS PLANNING AND CONTROL

Financial Analysis Planning and Control
Name:
Institutional affiliation

1

FINANCIAL ANALYSIS PLANNING AND CONTROL
Financial Analysis Planning and Control
Ch7
Coupon = (6% x 1000)
= $60
F = $1000
T = 15years
R = 7%

Period
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

PVC 7% = C/(1+r)t
56.07
52.41
48.98
45.77
42.78
39.98
37.36
34.92
32.64
30.5
28.51
26.64
24.9
23.27
21....

masterjoe (18343)
University of Virginia

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