Women in the Workforce
Women in the workforce refer to the
womenfolk who earn salaries or wages and
contribute to the running of their households.
There has been a lot of improvement with
more and more women joining the labor
market in the United States in particular and
the entire world in general.
Women liberation came in the 1920s when
they gained voting rights in the United States.
Since then the legislation has been
established to safeguard their discrimination
and push for gender equity and women rights.
The sensitization of women in scholarship
through the feminist movement has largely
contributed to better working conditions and
increased employment opportunities for women.
With improved working conditions and vibrant
human resource system rewarding competence
regardless of gender disparities, the future of
women in the workforce will be impressive
Women have been recessed and subordinated in the
labor market for very many years. This is because
ancient societies were predominantly patriarchal.
For instance in the traditional African communities. the
place of women was in the kitchen and her role was
bringing forth children.
Even in traditional western societies like France, women
could not even vote. Some jobs and careers were
reserved for men since women were regarded as
Contd.. Detailed background
They could also not participate in decision
making. This problem persists with a very
limited number of women occupying top
positions. For instance, the united states have
never entrusted its vice presidency to a
woman since 1776!
There are several controversies in the issue of women in
Workforce with the expectation showing that by the year
2060, minority women (Hispanics and blacks) will
comprise the majority of women in the labor force in
the United States.
The educational achievement gap is the one that needs
to be filled since the minority women currently do not
have the credible educational background to compete in
the job market with their majority women who are
better connected, knowledgeable and well educated.
Contd.. Pressing Issues
The trend should be on ensuring women are
endowed with more formal education to
prepare their entry in the job market.
For the minority of women who cannot afford
to join good universities, more financial aid
should be provided to ensure they are
inducted with the required training which can
ensure they join the competitive labor market.
Statistics of Women in Work Force
In the United States, women earned more degrees than men in
2016. Women earned 57% of Bachelor’s degrees, 59.4% of
masters’ degrees and 53.3% of doctoral degrees.
Minority Women outperformed their men in all degree categories
in the class of 2016-2017. For instance, within the afro American
(blacks) women earned 78% of bachelors degrees, 70% of Masters
degrees and 66 % of doctoral degrees compared to black men.
Again, over the same period, black women earned 50.7 % of the
total professional degrees including law and medicine. This has
been the trend in the academic circles for tens of years. Simply
put, women have earned more bachelor's degrees than their male
counterpart's since1982, more masters degrees than men since
1987 and more doctorate degrees than men since 2006.
Contd..Statistics of Women in Work Force
Women comprise around half of the workforce in the
United States. In 2018, there were 75,978,000 women
in the labor force representing 46.9 % of the total labor
force in the United States.
The women labor force participation was 57.1 %
compared to 69.1 % for men. It has also been noted by
the department of labor statistics that women labor
force participation is on the decline despite their
tremendous improvement in the acquisition of higher
education than men.
Contd.. Statistics of Women in Work Force
Labor force participation for women is very
essential for the future of work. Men's labour force
participation has been decreasing since the 1940s
when more women started doing jobs which were
traditionally a preserve of men.
Statistics show that most women are at risk of
losing jobs due to automation. This will mostly
affect Latino women since they are mostly working
in high-risk jobs.
Automation will in a way favor the well educated,
technologically savvy woman who will end up
earning lucrative salaries and benefits'
This is because today's woman is more
knowledgeable and well educated. Such skills will
come into handy during automation.
Addition of more women to the competitive
artificial intelligence field will be the best way to
eradicate gender bias in the workplace.
Contd.. Personal opinion
of more women to
the competitive artificial
intelligence field will be the
best way to eradicate gender
bias in the workplace.
(Bhalotra & Fernández,2018).
Contd.. Personal Opinion
It is also worth noting that well over 50% of
management jobs are held by women but women tend
to be very few in the top management of S&P
Only 24 % of women hold board seats in Fortune 500
companies compared to 76% of men. This is a
discrepancy that needs to be corrected to ensure there
is no gender bias in sharing top-notch slots between
men and women. Additionally, women of color held less
than 4% of the 24% slots reserved for women in fortune
It is worth noting that the united states have
one of the best working conditions for
women. Countries in Africa, Latin America and
Asia need to emulate the American system
which seemingly rewards the women in their
workforce by their competence.
Women have made tremendous inroads in the labor
force with their numbers in gainful employment
increasing every year.
Of notable concern is the pay gap between men
and women. It is estimated that women in the
United labor market earn 20% less than men.
Simply put, women generally earn 80% of what men
earn. This is the highest level of discrimination in
the workplace and this problem needs to be
handled once and for all.
Bhalotra, S. R., & Fernández, M. (2018). Women’s Labor
Force Participation and the Distribution of the Gender
Wage Gap. Working Paper, University of Essex.
Cicerchia, F. (2017). Women and ICTs: an analysis of
social, cultural and economic factors relating to gender
Elias, E. (2018). Lessons learned from women in
leadership positions. Work, 59(2), 175-181.
Goletiani, K. (2019). The concept of diversity of
workforce in globalization. Fundamental and applied
researches in practice of leading scientific
schools, 31(1), 64-66.
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