Addiction as an Illness Discussion

Bytn456

Humanities

Question Description

Research paper on "addicts are ill, they are not criminals". In the paper discuss the topic and connect with the role of social work and code of ethics and its impact on society. At least 4 references. No plagiarism! Thank you!

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running Head: ADDICTION AS AN ILLNESS

Addiction as an Illness Not a Crime
Name of student
Professor’s name
Course title
Date

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ADDICTION AS AN ILLNESS

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Addiction is the psychological and physical inability to stop the consumption of
chemical substances even when it is causing psychological and physical harm. When a person
fulfils a basic need such as hunger, the brain produces dopamine, the neurotransmitter
responsible for activating the brain's pleasure centre. A reward system exists in the brain that
associates certain actions such as sex or having food with pleasure. When an individual uses
drugs, the brain releases large amounts of dopamine. When the person continues to use or
abuse the substance, the brain struggles to release the normal amount of dopamine without
the help of the substance being abused. The changes in brain function that are caused by long
term drug use remain even after the individual has stopped abusing drugs. The person then
stops to enjoy activities that were once enjoyable to them without the use of drugs or the
substance being abused. Addiction also changes how the brain works and affects judgment,
memory, motivation, and learning (Verster et al, 2012) This paper, therefore, argues that
addiction is an illness since it has a wide range of causation, affects physical and
psychological health and poses a great challenge during treatment; this is because addiction
alters the functioning of the brain and interferes with an individual's ability to make rational
choices.
There are different stages of addiction. The first stage is an individual who is able to
function while still abusing substances. This individual is able to keep a job and have intact
human relationships, but their lives still suffer due to his or her addiction. The last stage is the
non-functioning addict who cannot keep a job, becomes estranged from his friends and loved
ones and cannot go a day without abusing drugs or substances (Davidson & White, 2007)
Addiction can have several causes which include:


Genetics- A person who is born into a family that abuses drugs is 50% more likely to
start abusing drugs.

ADDICTION AS AN ILLNESS



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Poor coping skills and stress- stress makes people want to look for an escape. The
search for an escape can sometimes turn them to drugs, alcohol or other chemical
substances. The more stress the person is put under, the more they rely on substances
for relief and the more likely the ch...

Erurzn74 (8675)
Duke University

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