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1. What factors make communities vulnerable to genocide? How should other countries react and
respond to genocide seems imminent? Apply conflict theory to illustrate your point.
Poor communities under an evil dictatorship are most vulnerable to genocide. Many people are not
aware of the genocide that still goes on today. The United Nations is not doing enough to prevent
genocide since there have been more deaths caused by genocide than all the international war
casualties of the twentieth century. There are current problems with genocide in the southern Sudan
initiated by the Sudanese government and in eastern Burma. The republic of the Congo is besieged by
the government and rebel forces against several ethnic and religious groups. The hatred and violence
rages in other parts of the world including the endless conflict between Israel and Palestine. Conflict
theory becomes a powerful tool when in the hands of a tyrant. When they can control the resources so
that competing for those resources causes continuous conflict, it is easier for them to control social
order with power. The reasons why genocide still happens is that we don’t have an international
political policy in place to prevent this tragedy from happening. Another reason is that world leaders
are not doing enough to stop it. To prevent genocide, it must be understood through analysis and
comparison to develop a workable theory about the process involved. There are several places called
Centers for the Study of Genocide that are doing important work around the world but studying about
genocide will not stop it. is not enough. The next task should be to create international policies and
political conviction to prevent it from ever happening again. I believe four specific departments are
needed for success. There should be a center for early warning, so that a response can be implemented
in time before it is too late. Programs need to be established for conflict resolution, and sufficient
standing forces for quick intervention. International courts will also be in place to deliver the
necessary punishment initiating a genocidal attack.
The United Nations and potential targets require strong Early Warning systems to predict where and
when conflict with ethnic groups and genocide might happen. They can provide policy guidelines for
prevention and intervention. The Brahimi report is a key document that was created by a special
commission on U.N. peace-keeping. In the document there are several helpful recommendations that
countries can use if necessary. Several specially selected country desk officers team up with top U.N.
officials for monthly meetings called, “Framework for Coordination”. During these meetings officials
discuss current crises and potential responses. Unfortunately, there isn’t enough staffing to
strategically work on long-range planning. Where the system is really lacking is that there is no early
warning system for genocide prevention. The International Campaign to End Genocide supports the
building of a Genocide Prevention Center at the United Nations. It would probably be a part of the
New York Secretary General’s Office of Policy Planning. The important thing is to make sure it is
adequately staffed with full-time early warning specialists who have direct access to the most
influential officials of the United Nations. The National Genocide Organization and the many
Genocide Studies Centers that exist need to have their own Early Warning systems with daily reports
and response policy options. All this is much easier in this modern computer age so policy makers
can use these modern resources to get the necessary information they need to keep the world safe
from genocide forever. Paying attention to social media and the major news outlets is always a good
idea to get information on instances of genocide that has not affected the mainstream. These are the
things that need to be done to prevent the occurrences of genocide that still plague the world even in
the 21st century.
Reference: United Nations Office on Genocide Prevention. https://www.un.org › genocideprev...
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