One of the major forms of research conducted by criminologists is searching for and analyzing information in published materials. These materials include
- peer-reviewed journal articles (articles published in academic journals)
- government documents (reports such as those published by the National Institute of Justice [NIJ], FBI, etc.)
- mass media reports (articles in major newspapers [The New York Times, The Washington Post, etc.] and electronic media outlets [ABC, Fox, CNN, etc.])
Each of these kinds of information sources has its strengths and weaknesses. Depending on the kind of research a criminologist is conducting, one of these may prove more useful than the others.
Your mission in this assignment is to find three examples of publications, articles, reports, or stories from each of these kinds of information sources. You will have a total of nine sources‚ three for each information source type. The topic of the work is to be a specific crime within the CJS.
Use the Internet to locate the government documents and mass media reports, and use the UMUC online library to obtain the peer-reviewed journal articles. Then, write a report on what you found. In your report, please do the following:
- Provide an APA reference for each of the nine works.
- Annotation- After each APA reference, provide a brief description of the work. Each of the nine descriptions should be at least 100 words in length. The description should tell your reader what the work is about.
- Summary- After this, write an analysis of the value of each of the three types of information sources (article, report, media news item) from which you gathered examples. In other words, after describing each of the nine works, present a discussion of what you learned about the value to criminologists of peer-reviewed journal articles versus government documents versus mass media reports. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each? We are looking for some critical thinking about these sources here!
Explanation & Answer
Running head: RESEARCH PROJECT
Topic: The rise and spread of white-collar crimes in the USA
Peer-reviewed journal articles
Headworth, S., & Hagan, J. L. (2016). White-collar crimes of the financial crisis. The
Oxford handbook of white-collar crime. Oxford University Press, New York, 275-293.
This is an essay that seeks to define the relationship between the wrong financial doings
and the economic crises that occurred in 2008 in the united states of America. According to its
findings, the two are related. Wrongdoings in society lead to social harm since the crime rate
increases. This also leads to the growth of elite crimes, which benefit some people at the expense
of many others. the article uses examples of cases, such as those of wall street, where the top
executives in most firms were responsible for the financial crises in 2008.
Albanese, J. S. (2008). White-collar crimes and casino gambling: looking for empirical links
to forgery, embezzlement, and fraud. Crime, Law, and Social Change, 49(5), 333-347.
This article by Albanese investigates the relationship between casino gambling and the increased
arrests for white-collar crimes such as fraud, embezzlement of funds, and forgery. With the
increasing numbers of casinos and gaming venues recently, there are more cases of casino
gamers overspending and also losing their money while gaming. Through examples, case studies
and well-conducted research, the article is clearly defining and explains white-collar crimes, and
how casino gambling affects it. The research, which uses data from the past ten years, seeks to
find out the trends of these arrests and crimes such as forgery and fraud. The results of this study
are that gambling is a causal factor that has contributed to an increase in cases of embezzlement.
Healy, D., & McGrath, J. (2019). Simple rhetoric and complex punitiveness: Federal
criminal justice responses to white-collar criminality. Justice Quarterly, 1-26.
It is widely believed that white-collar crimes are usually treated leniently, while they seem to be
more serious and to affect more people than other types of crime. This study by Healy, therefore,
tries to unravel the simple rhetoric of complex punitiveness, explaining how the federal criminal
justice system responds to white-collar crimes. the article is clear that there lacks a well-state...