Instructor: Mario Cardozo
GEG 210-Environmental Conservation
Due dates: Sunday 11/10/2019 – Paper prospect (1-1.5 double spaced pages, excluding references)
Sunday 12/08/2019 – Term paper (7-9 double spaced pages, excluding references)
Both are D2L submissions (under Assessment/Assignments)
The prospect should address concisely:
The environmental issue/problem: Clearly define the issue, its main causes, and why it is
important for specific audiences to consider it.
Physical aspects: Mention the most relevant biophysical aspects of the issue.
Human-related aspects: If not explained when defining the causes of the issue, mention how
humans are involved in creating or amplifying the issue.
Extent of problem: The paper should be focused on a study area or small region. Define the study
area, and how the environmental problem in the area could be connected with overarching
biophysical and human structures (levels and scales).
Make sure to include at least three references that you could use to write the paper. One of these references
must be a peer-reviewed academic article, academic book, or academic book chapter.
When thinking of a topic for the term paper, any environmental issue could be potentially addressed.
Consider, though, that you will have to focus on a study area, and that you will need to discuss related
conservation measures that can be applied to help solve or prevent the problem. Conservation measures
include: (1) particular policies designed to protect the environment (like hunting regulations, forestry
concessions, pollution regulations), (2) resource management plans, (3) protected-area establishment or
management, (4) management of buffer zones, (5) ex-situ conservation measures (like zoos, genetic material
libraries, arboretums, botanical gardens, etc.), (6) non-profit initiatives, (7) environmentalist grassroots
actions, (8) subsidies, (9) market incentives, (10) international conventions and treaties, (11) renewable
energy proposals, (12) sustainable food production, among many others.
The final paper should include the following sections. Sections don’t need to be labelled, and if they are,
they can have different titles and include subheadings. In general, try to address all the themes in these
sections—roughly in the order suggested.
1. Introduction (1.5-2 pages)
Expand the paper prospect based on the instructor’s feedback. In addition, make sure to connect your paper
with a more general narrative associated with the environmental problem at stake. Towards the end of the
introduction, include a couple of sentences about conservation measures or possible solutions for the issue.
No matter how dire the situation being related, try to be optimistic about a better future.
2. Background (2-2.5pages)
Describe the study area, addressing its natural and human aspects. Do not include an extensive review of
the geography of the place, but do highlight aspects that will allow the reader to understand the
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environmental issue(s) at stake. In this section, also include a localized narrative of the environmental issue.
How is it different than in other places? For how long is the environmental issue a problem in the area?
What have local people and/or the government done—if anything—to help control or solve the issue? If it is
an environmental problem that doesn’t exist yet but could potentially occur in the area, explain why there is
3. Theoretical framework (1-1.5pages)
Describe how analyzing the environmental problem in this location may benefit from any of the theoretical
frameworks introduced in the course (e.g., Malthus, EKC, Environmental Justice, Political Ecology, or
others). Succinctly explain the main focus of the theoretical framework.
Conversation measures (2.5-3 pages)
Lay out a conservation strategy that could help control or solve the environmental issue under study. Focus
on one or two types of conservation measures so that you can describe them with certain detail. Provide
specific and feasible conservation recommendations that are adequate for your particular study area. If you
are relating conservation measures that are already in place, mention how they can be enhanced or
modified to make sure they are more effective. Discuss multi-scale and multi-level interactions considering
human and natural aspects of the issue.
Finish this section with a concluding paragraph that summarizes your conclusion on why it is important to
address this environmental issue, why your proposed conservation measures are adequate for the study area,
and how these measures connect to the theoretical framework adopted.
Include at least five references, two of which should be peer-reviewed.
Write the paper in a word processor following these settings: (1) double spacing, (2) Times New Roman 12
point font, (3) 1-inch margins, and (4) page number in the bottom, middle section of the page. Proofread
your paper carefully before submitting it, and please avoid colloquial or poetic language. Follow the APA
(American Psychological Association) style and citation guide. Here are some quick considerations
regarding the APA style:
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