Self Employed Individuals Discretion Observation & Models Social Science Paper

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Description

Required: Turn in two copies of your paper: an electronic copy in a drop box (TA discretion) and a

printed copy to your TA (unless your TA indicates otherwise).

For model building, remember all the wisdom from March and Lave.

PAGE ONE

Title Page

Include your

Name

Student ID number

Discussion section

TAs Name

PAGE TWO


Abstract

An abstract is a brief statement (usually a paragraph or two) that is placed at the beginning of a paper. Its purpose is to briefly explain what the paper is about; thus, it lets the reader know what will be discussed (commonly so the reader can decide whether he wants to continue reading it). It also sets a frame of reference for the reader if he or she decides to continue. For this assignment, you are simply setting a frame of reference for the reader.

Approximately 100 words

PAGE THREE and BEYOND [For each section, please begin a new page.]

Observation and Models

In this section simply insert what you are supposed to do for the third homework assignment. If what you did for that assignment is perfect, all you need do is include it here. If it is not perfect, you need to fix any problems that exist.


Findings and Results

This section is asking how you would interpret certain results. What is the data that you would collect and how does it relate to your research question? In the previous section, you described critical experiments, but the description may have been somewhat vague. In this section, you are being asked precisely how you would do these experiments. In the above section, you described critical experiments, and you described the data you would collect to do these experiments. You now need to describe how you would interpret the data. This should have been touched on in the above section. If what you did in the previous section was very complete, all you need to do is repeat it. For others it is another opportunity to get it complete. To remind you of what you need to do, let’s revisit the example discussed in class: if you find that people respect lawyers more than professors, that will mean something different from finding that people respect professors more than lawyers.

For each model:

Describe what results you would need to find in order to support the model.

Describe what results would contradict or fail to support your model.

If the data failed to support your model, what other models might these data support?


References

Note: You are not being asked to write a literature review. This is a list of references. Because this is not a true, complete research paper, you may not have actually used any references. Thus, you need to find books, journal articles, electronic sources, etc. that are (at least slightly) related to what your paper is about. The purpose of this section of the assignment is correctly using APA format, not doing in-depth research. Cite at least six sources (books, newspapers, internet, etc.). You will earn more points, if they come from a wide variety of sources (e.g., one book, one journal, one newspaper, one website, etc.) If the nature of your question makes it difficult to find a wide variety of sources, talk to you TA about getting an exemption from this requirement. The citations need to be in APA format and alphabetized. (See the syllabus for links to webpages that can help with APA format.)


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Running head: FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES Freedom at Work Places Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Date 1 FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 2 Freedom at Work Places Section One: Description of the observation Self-employed individuals experience more freedom than people working for organizations When a person owns a business or a company, the people he/ she serves are the clients. As clients, individuals can dictate what to expect from the business owner without insisting on the application of their opinions. As a business owner, an individual possesses the power to execute new ideas, make changes in favor of business, and promote a rise in profit. Besides, with self-employment, an individual can take various projects that he/she is capable of handling. Also, a business owner can decide to stop working on projects showing nonproductive results or keep of clients raising unhelpful critics. Section Two: Model One Passion over Duty Doing what one loves makes an individual not to get distracted or discouraged easily. The majority of people employed in companies do not find joy and meaning in what they do as a result of the lack of creative freedom. Besides, employed people cannot decide on what to work on, on a particular day because they follow orders. On the contrary, self-employed individuals possess the freedom to choose their favorite niches. This type of freedom enables them to solve problems they care about every product or service they wish to offer (Lydiya, 2016). Section Three People should develop a business-oriented mindset to develop the skills required to become self-employed. In order to be able to succeed in the business arena and become selfemployed, one ought to have an entrepreneur mind. Hence, this is the first step towards becoming self-employed and following one’s passions. People trust people who appear to know FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 3 what they are doing and are confident in what they are doing. This as a result requires an entrepreneur mindset that gives one courage and confidence in what they are doing and the creativity necessary to drive the business to success. When choosing a career to pursue, students should consider choosing a career that aligns with their interests and passions in life. This will ensure the students will be able to pursue a career they are passionate about in life. Through pursuing a career one is passionate about, the students will enjoy their jobs as they dive in doing what they love to do. Choosing the right career will also ensure they become passionate in the kind of work they get after completing school. This measure will alter the dynamics of their job from abiding by duty to following passion. They will also be able to device better ideas. Additionally, they will not feel like the work is been forced on them will be able to get more fulfilment after they make it. Section Four: Model Two Power over monitored working-systems Employed individuals are a part of their companies system, and they have to abide by rules and regulations even if it does not favor them. Besides, employed people lack independence because they believe they are okay as long as they get enough money to pay taxes and cater to their basic needs. Therefore, an employed individual has no risks to take trying to build a business. On the other hand, self-employment involves risk-taking to develop stable business. Besides, the business owner creates their own rules to follow, unlike in companies where employed individuals are put in a system with a set of rules (Lydiya, 2016). Section Five People who are employed are not risk-takers. They do not have to make major decisions or worry about the outcomes of their actions. This is because their work is not risky and as a FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 4 result doesn’t compel them to take risks. Employed individuals often constitute individuals people who are not able to work independently and have to work under others in order to function. The business owner pursues all the major risks in an organization or business. In other words, all the decisions and major opportunities are left to the business owner as he is the only individual in the company capable of making sound decisions. Consequently the business owner in charge for running the business at all times. Section Six: Model Three Time management A self-employed individual understands his or her most creative time of the day, unlike employed peoples whose creative time is taken away. Besides, self-employed individuals can effectively organize their day. A self-employed individual knows the best time for work and the time in which he or she can focus more easily without getting distracted. Also, when a creative idea appears in mind, the business owner can put it into use at that right moment or choose to delay it. When the business grows, a self-employed person has the power to take a vacation anytime because he or she understands the performance of the company. Employed individuals do not have the freedom to set their working hours or holidays (Lydiya, 2016). Section Seven Employees in the workplace should be given power to manage their time and organize their work including how to conduct work-related tasks. This will ensure the employees become more productive in the workplace. Allowing the employees to run their own schedules will give them ample time to decide when their most creative time is and organize activities in the manner that best suits them. The employees will also be able to decide the time that best works for them FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 5 including the time when they can concentrate the most in order to be able to conduct their work. Consequently, this will enhance the employees’ productivity in the work place. Employees should have the opportunity to contribute in the decision-making process. Through taking part in the decision-making process, employees will be able to air in their opinions on some matters that affect them such as time management including time to take holidays. By taking part in the decision-making process, employees will air in their opinions and points of view that will aid them in winning better working conditions in the workplace. Section Eight All employees in a company are given a specific amount of money to start a business of their interest. This experiment is intended to distinguish between model one and model two. In a case where model two is true, the employees should be able to successfully start and run any business of their choice. In the case where model one is true, not all employees should be able to successfully start and run a business. This is because not all individuals are business oriented and capable of successfully starting and running a business. On the contrary, some indviduals are better off working in their dream career even though they are not self-employed. Section Nine Employees in a given organization are given an opportunity to choose whether to work from home or go to work every day. This experiment is designed to distinguish between model two and model three. In a case where model two is true, none of the employed individuals will be able to successfully work from their homes without supervision. This is because according to model two, employed people are not capable of working independently and require constant supervision. In the case where model three is true, some significant number of employees will be able to effectively work from their homes without missing important deadlines or compromising FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 6 their work. This is because choosing where one works from and when one works will enable one to better manage their time just like self-employed parties. Section Ten An organization decides to replace all its employees with independent contractors or freelancers. These will include subcontracting all their operations in different departments to various individuals that majors in the given task. This model is intended to distinguish between model one and model three. In the case where model one is correct, all contractors would be able to effectively carry out all the subcontracted tasks without disappointing in any aspect of the scope of the job. In the case, where model three is correct, the contractors would also meet all the deadlines ahead of them while at the same time providing quality work. This is because in the case of model one; the focus would be on the quality of work since the contractors would be carrying out tasks they are passionate about. For model two, the focus would be on the time the contractors take to complete the job to determine whether self-employment equals better time management. FREEDOM AT WORKPLACES 7 Reference Lydiya, K. (2016) Reasons Why You Should Consider Working for Yourself. Retrieved from: https://letsreachsuccess.com/self-employment-benefits/
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running Head: FREEDOM AT WORKPLACE

Freedom at Work Places
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date

1

FREEDOM AT WORKPLACE

2

Freedom at Work Places
Section One: Description of the observation
Self-employed individuals experience more freedom than people working for organizations
When a person owns a business or a company, the people he/ she serves are the clients.
As clients, individuals can dictate what to expect from the business owner without insisting on
the application of their opinions. As a business owner, an individual possesses the power to
execute new ideas, make changes in favor of business, and promote a rise in profit. Besides, with
self-employment, an individual can take various projects that he/she is capable of handling. Also,
a business owner can decide to stop working on projects showing nonproductive results or keep
of clients raising unhelpful critics.
Section Two: Model One
Passion over Duty
Doing what one loves makes an individual not to get distracted or discouraged easily.
The majority of people employed in companies do not find joy and meaning in what they do as a
result of the lack of creative freedom. Besides, employed people cannot decide on what to work
on, on a particular day because they follow orders. On the contrary, self-employed individuals
possess the freedom to choose their favorite niches. This type of freedom enables them to solve
problems they care about every product or service they wish to offer (Lydiya, 2016).
Section Three
People should develop a business-oriented mindset to develop the skills required to
become self-employed. In order to be able to succeed in the business arena and become self-

FREEDOM AT WORKPLACE

3

employed, one ought to have an entrepreneur mind. Hence, this is the first step towards
becoming self-employed and following one’s passions. People trust people who appear to know
what they are doing and are confident in what they are doing. This as a result requires an
entrepreneur mindset that gives one courage and confidence in what they are doing and the
creativity necessary to drive the business to success.
When choosing a career to pursue, students should consider choosing a career that aligns
with...


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