History essay test

Anonymous

Question Description

Hello, this test is consist of 5 short essay to answer each of the 5 question

Please follow the instructions perfectly as shown and needed because this is a final test

thank you

Directions: this exam consists of a series of essay questions. You have 5 parts, and in each part , choose one of 3 essay questions . Each question is worth 20 points, and this exam is worth 100 points total. You will be asked to complete your answers in Canvas, and you do not need to submit any type of attachment. Please submit your answers into Canvas by Wednesday, December 13 at 11:59 PM.

Part 1 (chapters 1-2): choose one of the following 3 questions and write a detailed response to it in Canvas. Your answer is worth a possible 20 points. (1) Two political ideologies took center stage in the history of Latin America. First, classic liberalism emerged in the nineteenth century. Nationalism, a later invention, emerged in response to the first. In which ways have liberalism and nationalism alternated in ascendancy during the past 150 years? (2) Briefly compare the differences between the nonsedentary, semisedentary, and fully sedentary groups that inhabited the Americas before the Encounter? How would you describe their relationship to the land? How did it vary from group to group? (3) How did the conquest of Brazil differ from the conquest of Spanish America? Be sure to include discussion of the following cultures: Tupi, Aztec, Mayas, and Incas.

Part 2 (chapters 3-4): choose one of the following 3 questions and write a detailed response to it in Canvas. Your answer is worth a possible 20 points. (1) If the Spanish and Portuguese colonial system was a brutal one in which native Americans and peoples of African descent were oppressed, why did colonialism last for so long? (2) Discuss the causes of the independence movements in order to pinpoint the reason for the collapse of Spanish and Portuguese rule in most of Latin America. (3) Who would you identify as the main leaders behind the independence movements in Spanish America? How did they manage to get “the people” behind their cause?

Part 3 (chapters 5-6): choose one of the following 3 questions and write a detailed response to it in Canvas. Your answer is worth a possible 20 points (1) Who was the caudillo, and what ideas did he represent? Provide an example of a well-known caudillo. (2) Briefly compare liberal ideas versus conservative ideas. Which ideas do you think predominated in postcolonial Latin America? (3) War is usually regarded as a catalyst for change; was this the case in Latin America? Use examples to illustrate your point.

Part 4 (chapters 7-8): choose one of the following 3 questions and write a detailed response to it in Canvas. Your answer is worth a possible 20 points (1) How did the relationship between the United States and Latin America change during the nineteenth century? (2) Who was Porfirio Díaz? Describe his ruling style. Be sure to include the following terms in your discussion: rurales, hacendados, pan o el palo, cientificos (3) Who were Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo? How did they represent the peasants and indigenous people who fought in the Mexican Revolution? Be sure to include in your discussion a commentary on revolutionary ideals in Rivera’s Detroit Industry mural series.

Part 5 (chapters 9-11): choose one of the following 3 questions and write a detailed response to it in Canvas. Your answer is worth a possible 20 points (1) What is populism? Provide at least two examples that demonstrate how populism functioned in Latin America. (2) Why did the military stage a coup d’état in Brazil? Once in power, how did they rule the country? (3) Who were the neoliberals, and what did they want?

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Tutor Answer

Charles_Lawman
School: UCLA

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Short essay answers
Part 1
Native inhabitants of America had three forms of lifestyle; non-sedentary, semi-sedentary
and fully sedentary. The lifestyles developed from non-sedentary to fully sedentary
proportionately with time and civilization. For a better analysis of lifestyles of indigenous
Americans before the encounter with Europeans, historians classify them into three groups.
These groups are Paleo-Indians, Woodland Indians and Mississippian Indians (Claggett, 1995).
The Paleo-Indians are described as pure hunters and gatherers (Claggett, 1995). They had
a nomadic lifestyle. They traversed the plains of North Carolina in search of animals to kill and
gather wild fruits and grain for food. Their life was completely non-sedentary. It can be inferred
that this group of inhabitants was the least civilized. They used a group hunting technique due to
the lack of proper hunting tools. Paleo-Indians had less attachment to the land. They kept moving
in search of food, therefore, they had no sense of land ownership.
The second group is Woodland Indians. This group had a semi-sedentary lifestyle. They,
in addition to hunting and gathering, practiced subsistence farming (Claggett, 1995). They grew
crops such as sunflowers, beans, and maize. They would store the surplus for use during seasons
of unproductivity as in winter and early spring. This group developed bow and arrow technology,
making hunting easier. A single person would go hunting as opposed to group hunting in PaleoIndians. The farming had made this group to have an increased attachment to land compared to
Paleo-Indians. However, they needed land when they needed for farming. They would abandon
farming land from one area to another. Also, this group practiced religious activities.

Mississippian Indians, the third group, are considered the most civilized of the indigenous
prehistoric American inhabitants. Their lifestyle was fully sedentary. This group had a wellorganized society. They had a clear political system. Their fighting tactics were advanced. This
group, apart from farming and hunting, they indulged in trading as a major economic activity.
Political leadership was based on hereditary or military prowess. Mississippians had a greater
attachment to the land. They had well-defined boundaries for their territory. They would also
fight to expand and defend their land from other inhabitants.

Part 2
The collapse of Spanish rule in Latin, that lasted for about three centuries, was attributed
to a long time build tensions and influence of external events. The conflict started in the
eighteenth century when Spanish Bourbons introduced reforms in several sectors (Bethell, 1987).
The reforms included the creation of administrative units called intendancies. Each intendancy
was headed by an official directly answerable to the Crown in Spain. The creation of
intendancies intended to increase revenue. The reform later worked against them as it pitted
Spanish bourbons against Creoles. Creol...

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