This course component requires that you write a 6-8 page paper

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Assignment Instructions

This course component requires that you write a 6-8 page paper (excluding title and reference pages) examining a particular aspect of international criminal organizations (e.g., appropriate case studies, comparative international perspectives, a meta-analysis of the extant literature, a new method, technology, or emerging challenge, etc.). Select an aspect that interests you from the course to write the paper.


A) 6-8 pages (excluding title, abstract, and references pages);

B) A total of at least seven distinct (largely peer-reviewed) sources used and properly cited and referenced;

C) APA 6th edition format and style throughout;

D) Paper organized using 5-7 headings (i.e., Introduction, Conclusion or Recommendations, and the 3-4 main aspects of your research).

The grading criteria is based on the below APUS rubric for written assignments.

Content (50%), i.e., essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing.

Use of Source Information (20%), i.e., credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA format and style is used accurately and consistently. Required number of references used in the development of the assignment.

Grammar (20%), i.e., paper is clear, concise, and pleasant to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free.

Structure of the Paper (10%), i.e., a high-caliber, formatted paper that includes an APA cover page, abstract, page number, headers; is double spaced in 12-point Times New Roman font; and conforms to the specific number of required written pages.

Note: While there are typically several good aspects to some student papers, please note the common issues that I encourage everyone to be well aware of and prevent in their submissions.

1. Content – A submission that is largely a restatement or summary of the available information with little, if any, further analysis does not demonstrates an advanced understanding of the issue(s).

2. Sentence structure, composition, grammar – If there are more than 4-5 mistakes in a paper, the submission typically does not demonstrate an appropriate mastery of the rules of writing expected at this level. As a practical comparison of expected capabilities, in the busy professional setting, management and executive personnel have little patience for material that is unclear and/or ineffectively stated. Few will care what you have to say if it is not communicated it in a clear, precise manner.

3. Format – APA format and style is relatively simple, and there are readily available reference materials built into the course. There is little reason to have to lose (easy) points for not having this aspect well in-hand.

Please submit as a Word.doc attachment.


UNODC "The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and Terrorism Prevention

UNODC "Drug trafficking"

UNODC "United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols Thereto"

UNODC "World drug report 2012"

John Rollins june 11,2013 "Terrorism and Transnational Crime:

Foreign Policy Issues for Congress "

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Explanation & Answer

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Emerging Challenges of the International Criminal organizations
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Emerging Challenges of the International Criminal organizations
Globalization is the international integration of ideas, world views, products and some
other aspects of culture. It is usually facilitated by several advancements especially in the
telecommunication and the transportation infrastructure which allows openness in finance,
communication, travel and trade (Mittelman, 2011). Social and economic interdependencies have
been able to come about as a result of these. The factors have indeed facilitated and stimulated
the growth and the well being of many economies but at the same time giving rise to the growth
and spread of criminal activities and illegal businesses.
The global governance has been unsuccessful in keeping pace with the developments and
economic globalization thereby making it possible for the criminals to diversify their activities,
taking these activities to the international level. The criminal activities have been globalized to
take the form of human trafficking, piracy, cybercrime and fraud, modern-day slavery, selling of
counterfeit products, money laundering, and insurgency among other vices. In spite of the
gravity of these dangers, there perseveres an absence of exhaustive data and a worldwide point of
view on wrongdoing patterns and the transnational criminal markets (UNODC, 2010). Therefore,
this paper seeks to explore avenues in which globalization has promoted transnational crime.
Transnational organized crime (TOC) are crimes which are arranged and executed across the
borders of various nations. It involves illegal groups which are usually involved in criminal
activities by use of systematic violence and use of corruption. This kind of wrongdoing has
accidentally been a noteworthy recipient of globalization (UNODC, 2010). This paper seeks to
discuss the challenges possessed by international criminal organizations.



Weapons Trafficking
Illegal firearms dealers and some other criminal networks have a crucial role when it
comes to the black market where they sell weapons to drug dealers and terrorists. According to
the 2010 UNODC report, “The value of the documented global authorized trade in firearms has
been estimated at approximately $1.58 billion in 2006, with unrecorded ...

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