GED 216 California Coast University Sociology Essay

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Gvof390

Humanities

GED 216

California Coast University

GED

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UNIT #1

You only need to select one question from the list below:

Compare and contrast the perspectives of Durkheim, Marx, and Weber regarding conflict and social change.

Compare and contrast the functionalist perspectives on culture with the conflict perspectives.

Explain the process of gender socialization and racial socialization, including when they occur and the types and forms of messages that are involved.

UNIT #2

You only need to select one question from the list below:

How is global poverty related to key human development issues such as life expectancy, health, education, and literacy? Elaborate on your answer.

Describe the four major goals of punishment: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. Analyze how the term "punishment" differs from the term "corrections" in terms of how criminal behavior is handled.

Erik Wright has written on Marx's view of social stratification. Examine Wright’s criticisms of Marx. Identify and describe Wright’s model of stratification based on the work of Marx.

UNIT #3

You only need to select one question from the list below:

Describe the frustration-aggression hypothesis and the symbolic interactionist theory of prejudice.

Describe the unique historical experiences of Native Americans and Alaska Natives and examine how these experiences have shaped their life in contemporary America.

Describe recent patterns in cohabitation, including the prevalence of cohabitation, the relative impact of cohabitation on marital success, and which people are most likely to cohabit. Define the term "domestic partnership" as part of your response.

UNIT #4

You only need to select one question from the list below:

Describe the political opportunity theory of social movements. Identify its limitations and highlight its significance in the study of social movements.

Examine the symbolic interactionist perspective on the social construction of illness.

Compare and contrast the following political systems in global perspective: monarchy, authoritarianism, totalitarianism, and democracy.

Explanation & Answer:
2500 words
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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running head: SOCIOLOGY

1

Introduction to Sociology
Name:
Course:
Date:

SOCIOLOGY

2

1. Compare and contrast the functionalist perspectives on culture with the conflict
perspectives
The functionalist approach is one of the aspects that are employed to help explain the role of
culture in influencing human behavior. The functionalists develop their arguments from an
assumption that society is made up of parts that are related to each other that serves their purpose
(Kendall, 2018). They further explain that society tends to be orderly and stable. According to
theorists who support this perspective, society is held together by culture hence making it one of
the vital components of any community. An instance involving cheering for specific teams in
sports can be utilized to explain this approach. Many people tend to cheer up for the teams they
love despite the difference in vital characteristics such as class, age and race. They support the
idea about the presence of societal problems that originate from dysfunctions in society. The
perspective further explains that there may be cases of discord in the community as a result of
many subcultures (Kendall, 2018). This is because many subcultures result in a lack of consensus
regarding principles. Another perspective arising from this approach is that antisocial conduct in
society can be as a result of popular culture. One of the strengths of the view is that it looks at the
needs of the community and the role stability plays in enhancing its survival. However, the
approach has several shortcomings such as aggravating cooperation and harmony. It also fails to
explain the roles of certain factors, such as class-based inequalities.
The conflict perspective is another approach utilized to explain the role of culture in influencing
human behavior. The outlook is developed on the belief that there is a struggle in the society
whereby those strong fights to control resources which are scarce (Kendall, 2018). The norms
and values that the powerful possess play a critical part in the creation of privileged positions and
sustaining them. The theorist supporting these arguments portrays ideas as an essential

SOCIOLOGY

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component of culture which the powerful employ to control the actions and thoughts of the other
members of the soci...


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