(second citation) Sullivan, N. (n.d.). American Art, Pop Culture & Literature of the 1920s. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from http://study.com/academy/lesson/american-art-pop-culture-literature-of-the-1920s.html
(third citation) Harris, B., Dr., & Zucker, S., Dr. (2012). De Kooning's Woman I. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/ap-art-history/later-europe-and-americas/modernity-ap/v/willem-de-kooning-woman-i-1950-52
(citation 4) Boyle, A., Gonzalez, D., Johnson, T., Kedmey, K., Mazzola, L., Pau, S., & Wetterlund, K. (n.d.). MoMA Learning. Retrieved May 17, 2016, from https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/dorothea-lange-migrant-mother-nipomo-california-1936
All art must be examined in the context of its time. American art is no different. Art changes with technology, pop-culture, and economy. American history is relatively short in the entirety of art history so the Great Depression into WWII is pretty apparently the largest art movement witnessed.
Prior to the Great Depression was a time of extreme luxury and frivolousness. Social life was the entirety of everyone’s life and everyone was rich. The new artist movement was called Art Deco, which did not only apply to visual art but fashion, furnishings, design, and almost every aspect of life of the time to give the overwhelming feeling of extravagance. So when the stock crashed and the money was gone, society felt hollow. Everyone had been so focused on material no one had saved and no one had spent time focusing on emotion.
The great depression art movement was a stark contrast. Art spoke to political concerns and familial issues. Society was less concerned with having their chair match their new car and were more concerned with when they would eat next. This anxiety about life powered artists emotionally and the i...