What would it take to control the rising over fishing menace in the world?
In this essay I argue the negative effects of overfishing and the ways to control and
prevent overfishing. Overfishing causes destruction to the ecosystems which affects the
biodiversity of the marine life, the unjustifiable fishing procedures have added so much to this
problem, the demarcating of non-fishing zones will provide areas for fishes to recover.
Causes of overfishing
We depend on the sea to get staple food and also earn a living. This means that a lot of
fishing will have to take place to satisfy the great demand in the market, as the fishing raises the
danger for exhausting source of fish becomes a sad reality each and every day for us. In the past,
fishing rate was not so high has the availability of technology and required resources was
minimal and the access to the deep waters was rare. This restricted the fishing activities which
was a positive aspect in the marine ecosystem. The growth of technology has contributed so
much to the rise in the overfishing activities throughout the world. We can explore new shore and
access the deep waters so that we can get enough to satisfy the increasing demand.
The overcapacity of many of our shipping industries has also affected the fishing rates in
the world; these companies have the capacity and equipment’s that makes it possible for us to
deploy them deep into the ocean. These shipping vessels also have the capacity to stay in the
ocean for months which can put us in a position to process and store the fish before we can
return to the main land. The use of unsustainable nets and other fishing methods can lead us to
catching more and unnecessary fish which prevents the small fishes from growing to maintain
the reproduction chain. In the process catching of other sea animals is possible, and it’s referred
to have “by-catch”. Mostly we destroy the by-catch and discard it in the ocean (Jessen, 2013).
Effects of overfishing
This particular topic was chosen to explain the negative effects of overfishing. In the
current past, overfishing has become a global subject which economic, social and even
environmental effects. The ever rising demand of seafood especially the fish has led to the
growing pressure for the sea to satisfy the growing appetite of the fish in our community. Over
fishing has led to the destruction of the ecosystem. The practice of unsustainable fishing practice
has destroyed the environment which the marine life depend so much for survival. By using
these fishing activities we affect the food in which the fish depend to feed on and in turn affect a
significant chain of living organism that rely on the ecosystem to survive. Fishing of the big
species disrupt the marine life which lead to increase of the small marine creatures, this may lead
to threat of our coral reefs which in turn lead to the growth of algae (Hilborn, 2012).
Fishing industry provides millions of jobs in our society, in the United States; it created
more than 2.7m jobs and also led to more than $258 billion to the GDP of the country in 2010.
Overfishing affects the lives of our coastal communities and the companies who rely in fishing to
earn a living. On the other hand, our government has closed some parts to prevent the threat of
overfishing; this has affected the economic stability of our people who relied on fishing to
provide to our families and in turn threatens the closure of big fishing companies who employ us
directly or indirectly.
Overfishing also causes biodiversity; when we overfish certain species like the shark, we
may lead to the extinction of that particular fish, which affects the other species and habitants
that stake the same ecosystem. When we conduct large amounts of fishing especially when using
the wrong type of nets it leads to unintentional killing of other marine life which in long term
affects the marine ecosystem (Noone, Diaz, & Sumaila, 2013
Ways to control and prevent overfishing
According to the research I have done there are many ways to control and prevent the
effects of overfishing. Our fishing companies should adopt clear guide lines of the quota we are
supposed to fish at any given time, this will create a culture which does not support the violation
of marine life. In our Country, in the most affected places we should set up days in which fishing
is not allowed to create room of these species to reproduce. We should be having a clear
restriction of fishing in some place to ensure that it acts as the reproducing place for the fishes.
We should never use fishing gears that catch the smaller fishes and other organisms. This is to
give room for the small fish to grow which will ensure the growth cycle continues. Different
countries should provide technology to facilitate the tracking of different fish species more so the
ones in extinction threat, through monitoring of these species, we can be in a position to prevent
the fishing of certain species (Bliss, 2011).
Bliss, J. (2011). Ethics of food. London: Raintree.
Hilborn, R., & Hilborn, U. (2012). Overfishing: What everyone needs to know. Oxford: Oxford
Jessen, C. (2013). Effects of simulated eutrophication and overfishing on coral reef invertebrates,
algae and microbes in the Red Sea.
Noone, K. J., Diaz, R. J., & Sumaila, U. R. (2013). Managing ocean environments in a changing
climate: Sustainability and economic perspectives.
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