Essay question: Reflect on the transformative effects the Japanese occupation of most of Southeast Asia during World War 2 had on the course of Southeast Asian history: How dependent was the gaining of independence of the Philippines (1946) and Burma (1948) on the Japanese interlude? To what degree, if any, were the armed struggles for independence in Indonesia (1945-1949) and Viet Nam (1945-1954) enabled by the Japanese presence during the first half of the 1940s?
In your essay, focus on three of the four countries mentioned.
Essay requirement: Your essay should comprise a main thesis or theses, stated at the beginning, and an extended, but concise discussion of supporting evidence. Be analytical, not just descriptive. At all cost, avoid being vague and too general in your argumentation; the clearer you state your own position and your own analysis, the better. Pay attention to the details of the essay question; stay focused on the topic. Be specific. For supporting evidence, the use of concrete historical examples from the readings, incl. the novels, hand-outs, documentaries, and/or lectures is recommended; consistent citations style is expected. The response paper needs to be type-written, double-spaced, with margins 1 inch all sides, common 12 pt. font. Proof-read for spelling, punctuation, grammar, syntax, etc.!