Research paper on Server Virtualization

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Computer Science

InfoTech Import in Strat Plan

Cumberland University

Description

You have read about server virtualization and cloud computing in chapter 6 of your textbook. For your written assignment this week, complete a case study of the organization you work for (use a hypothetical or “other” organization if more applicable) that will address the following prompts:

  • Describe the organization’s environment, and evaluate its preparedness for virtualization.
  • Explain Microsoft (or another product) licensing for virtualized environments.
  • Recommend a configuration for shared storage; make sure to discuss the need for high availability and redundancy for virtualization for the organization.
  • Explain Windows Azure capabilities for virtual machines and managing a hybrid cloud, including Windows Azure’s Internet as a Service (IaaS) and storage capabilities
  • Make a recommendation for cloud computer usage in the organization, including a justification for your recommendations.
  • Submit your research paper as a single document. Your paper should meet the following requirements:
  • Be approximately 3-5 pages in length, not including the required cover page and reference page.
  • Follow APA6 guidelines. Your paper should include an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.
  • Support your answers with the readings from the course and at least two scholarly journal articles to support your positions, claims, and observations, in addition to your textbook. The UC Library is a great place to find resources.
  • Be clearly and well-written, concise, and logical, using excellent grammar and style techniques. You are being graded in part on the quality of your writing.

Attached Links:

A Detailed Study of Azure Platform

Virtualization in Cloud Computing

Chapter 6, “Architecture and Infrastructure” pp. 143-150

Singh, M. (2018). Virtualization in Cloud Computing- a Study. 2018 International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication Control and Networking (ICACCCN), 64. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1109/ICACCCN.2018.8748398

Verma, A., Malla, D., Choudhary, A. K., & Arora, V. (2019). A Detailed Study of Azure Platform & Its Cognitive Services. 2019 International Conference on Machine Learning, Big Data, Cloud and Parallel Computing (COMITCon), 129. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1109/COMITCon.2019.8862178

Please follow professor instructions and proper citations also above 5 references.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Managing and Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach – Seventh Edition Keri Pearlson, Carol Saunders, and Dennis Galletta © Copyright 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chapter 6 Architecture and Infrastructure Mohawk Paper • What did Mohawk paper see as an opportunity? • What did they do? • What was the result? © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 3 From Vision to Implementation • Architecture translates strategy into infrastructure • Home architect develops a blueprint of a proposed house—based on customer • Business architect develops a blueprint of a company’s proposed systems—based on strategy • This “blueprint” is used for translating business strategy into a plan for IS. • The IT infrastructure is everything that supports the flow and processing of information (hardware, software, data, and networks). © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 4 From abstract to concrete – building vs. IT Building Owner’s Vision Architect’s Plans Builder’s Implementation Abstract Concrete Strategy Architecture Information Technology Infrastructure The Manager’s Role • Must understand what to expect from IT architecture and infrastructure. • Must clearly communicate business vision. • May need to modify the plans if IT cannot realistically support them. • Manager MUST be involved in the decision making process. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 6 From Strategy to Architecture • Manager starts out with a strategy. • Strategy is used to develop more specific goals • Business requirements must be determined for each goal so the architect knows what IS must accomplish. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 7 Example •Strategy: Be a customer-oriented company •Goal: 30-day money back guarantee • Business Requirement: ability to track purchases • Business Requirement: ability to track problems •Goal: Answer email questions within 6 hours • Business Requirement: Ability to handle the volume © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 8 From Business Requirements to Architecture © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 9 The Example Continues •Business Requirement: Ability to track purchases • Architectural Requirement: • Database that can handle all details of more than a 30-day history © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 10 From Architecture to Infrastructure • Adds more detail to the architectural plan. • actual hardware, software, data, and networking • Components need coherent combination © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 11 From Architecture to Infrastructure © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 12 The Example Continues  Architectural Requirement: Database that can handle all details of more than a 30-day history  Functional Specification: be able to hold 150,000 customer records, 30 fields; be able to insert 200 records per hour  Hardware specification: 3 gigaherz Core 2 Duo Server  Hardware specification: half terabyte RAID level 3 hard drive array  Software specification: Apache operating system  Software specification: My SQL database  Data protocol: IP (internet protocol) © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 13 A Framework for the Translation • Considerations for moving from strategy to architecture to infrastructure: • Hardware – physical components • Software – programs • Network – software and hardware • Data – utmost concern: data quantity & format • What-who-where is a useful framework © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 14 Information systems analysis framework. Component What Who Where Hardware What hardware does Who manages it? the organization have? Who uses it? Who owns it? Where is it located? Where is it used? Software What software does Who manages it? the organization have? Who uses it? Who owns it? Where is it located? Where is it used? Network What networking does Who manages it? the organization have? Who uses it? Who owns it? Where is it located? Where is it used? What data does the organization have? Where is it located? Where is it used? Data Who manages it? Who uses it? Who owns it? Figure 6.3 Infrastructure and architecture analysis framework with sample questions. Common IT Architecture Configurations • Centralized architecture – All purchases, support, and management from data center • Decentralized architecture – uses multiple servers perhaps in different locations • Service-Oriented architecture – uses small chunks of functionality to build applications quickly. • Example: e-commerce shopping cart • Software-Defined architecture – instantly reconfigures under load or surplus © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 17 Software-Defined Architecture • Birdbath example: Thanks to the Oprah Winfrey show, sales went from 10 per month to 80,000. • Increased sales seen as an attack with static system • Adaptive system warns other parts of sales fluctuations, preventing lost sales • Famous Coffee Shop example: • WiFi shares lines with production systems; problems in one can be shunted to another • Also, coffee bean automatic reordering; spot market purchasing • High potential for decreasing costs © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 18 New Technologies • Peer to peer architecture: Allows networked computers to share resources without a central server • Wireless (mobile) infrastructure: allows communication without laying wires • Web-based architecture: places information on web servers connected to the Internet • Cloud-based architecture: places both data and processing methods on servers on the Internet, accessible anywhere • Capacity-on-demand: enables firms to make available more processing capacity or storage when needed © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 19 Architectural Principles Fundamental beliefs about how the architecture should function © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 20 Enterprise Architecture (EA) • The “blueprint” for all IS and interrelationships in the firm • Four key elements: • Core business processes • Shared data • Linking and automation technologies • Customer groups • One example is TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Foundation) • Methodology and set of resources for developing an EA • Specifications are public • Business and IT leaders develop EA together © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 21 Virtualization and Cloud Computing • Cloud computing refers to: • Resources that are available “on the Internet” • No software for the organization to develop or install (only web browser) • No data for the organization to store (it stays somewhere in the Internet “cloud”) • The provider keeps and safeguards programs and data • This is “infrastructure as a service” (IaaS) • Also available is SaaS (Software as a service) • And there is also PaaS (Platform as a service) • Utility Computing: Pay only for what you use (like Source: Computerworld Aug 4, 2008 power, lights) © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 22 Examples of Systems Provided in the “Cloud?” • Just some examples • Word processing; spreadsheeting; email (Google Docs: $50 per user annually) • Buying/selling Financial services (Salesforce.com) • Email (Gmail, Hotmail) • Social networking (Facebook) • Business networking (LinkedIn) • Music (iTunes) • Storage (Amazon’s Simple Storage Service—S3) • A server (Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud—EC2) Source: Computerworld Aug 4, 2008 and CRN website © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 23 Assessing Strategic Timeframe • Varies from industry to industry • Level of commitment to fixed resources • Maturity of the industry • Cyclicality • Barriers to entry • Also varies from firm to firm • Management’s reliance on IT • Rate of advances affecting the IT management counts on © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 24 Assessing Adaptability • Guidelines for planning adaptable IT architecture and infrastructure • Plan for applications and systems that are independent and loosely coupled • Set clear boundaries between infrastructure components • When designing a network architecture, provide access to all users when it makes sense to do so © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 25 Assessing Scalability • Scalability refers to how well a component can adapt to increased or decreased demand • Needs are determined by: • Projections of growth • How architecture must support growth • What happens if growth is much higher than projected • What happens if there is no growth © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 26 Other Assessments • Standardization – Common, shared standards are easy to plug in • Maintainability – Can the infrastructure be maintained? • Security – Decentralized architecture is more difficult to secure © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 27 Assessing Financial Issues • • • Quantify expected return on investment Can be difficult to quantify Steps • • • • • Quantify costs Determine life cycles of components Quantify benefits Quantify risks Consider ongoing dollar costs and benefits © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 28 Managing and Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach – Sixth Edition Keri Pearlson, Carol Saunders, and Dennis Galletta © Copyright 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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Running head: RESEARCH PAPER ON SERVER VIRTUALIZATION

Research Paper on Server Virtualization
Student’s Name
Institution

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RESEARCH PAPER ON SERVER VIRTUALIZATION

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Research Paper on Server Virtualization
Server virtualization is a term used to describe the procedure of separating a physical
server into several isolated and unique virtual servers using a software application (Mishra &
Pandey, 2016). Every virtual server can run an operating system independently since it acts like a
unique physical device. Many companies have adopted the use of server virtualization, mainly
for financial and technical reasons. Oracle Corporation is one of the popular companies that offer
virtualization services.
Organization’s Environment and Preparedness for Virtualization
Oracle Corporation is an American-based multinational company that deals with
computer technology, particularly selling its brands of database management software. The
organization is focused on selling database technology and software, enterprise software items
and cloud engineered systems (Hall, 2019, July 12). Oracle software applications run in several
known computer environments. The most commonly used computer environments include
Microsoft Windows versions, Linux and UNIX. The organizational model of Oracle applications
uses arbitrarily complex enterprises to define the multiple organizations using Oracle software
and the relationships among them. Also, this organizational model serves as the basis for
products offered by the company. A complex enterprise has multiple organization structures that
include Accounting, Human and Internal Resources among others. Clients can customize Oracle
apps to fit their business needs accordingly.
Oracle’s preparedness for virtualization is shown through its applications being
engineered for the open cloud. The...


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