Pain is experienced differently by different people. The
experience of pain and how people react to it varies with culture, age, and
co-existing medical or mental health conditions. To add to the complexity of
the pain phenomenon is the way people respond to treatment of pain. Persons
with the same diagnosis may receive nearly identical treatment but respond
quite differently to such treatments. This makes it especially important to
assess pain carefully and to develop an individualized plan of care for each
Think about a painful
experience in your life?
have chronic pain experience (Chronic pain is generally an ongoing problem that
may have no speciﬁc
Feelings in pain situation:
● I had
little or no control over their pain.
experienced breakthrough pain.
feelings of depression.
● A negative impact on my ability to enjoy
● MY energy
level was negatively impacted by pain.
My pain management
slouching when sitting or standing. Shoulders should be back and relaxed and
the spine straight. When
standing the abdominal and gluteal muscles should be slightly contracted. When
sitting feet should be ﬂat on the
the knees level with the hips. Chairs should have backs that provide ﬁrm
support for the spine. Avoid sleeping on the stomach.
Same situation with
There is a
number of pain medications used to deal with both acute and chronic pain. Opioids
such as morphine, codeine, methadone, and fentanyl can be extremely safe when
used appropriately at the correct dosage. There is a risk of tolerance and
dependence with opioids.