HIV/AIDS Vulnerable Population, Final Project help

timer Asked: May 25th, 2016
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Question Description

In the first two written assignments (I have attached these assignments), you selected one vulnerable population (HIV/AIDS) in need of a new program or service in your community.  In this project, you will finalize the research that allows you to understand elements that go into designing and launching a community service.  The Final Project will be written using a persuasive tone, such that you would be able to present it in order to gain community and organizational support for your program.  The Final Project must demonstrate an understanding of the reading assignments, class discussions, as well as your research and application of new knowledge.  Your project must contain the following elements:

  • A description of the vulnerable population and why they need assistance in your community.
  • A description of the health service needs of the vulnerable population you have chosen to serve with your program.
  • In order to support the need for the service you propose, cite statistical data obtained from your county health department, state health department, and organizations or agencies who serve the vulnerable population.
  • A description of your proposed community service or program; include the specific service(s) provided and one continuum of care level (prevention, treatment, or long-term care). Explain how the selected service(s) and the continuum of care will impact the chosen population.
  • Discuss the social and cultural norms of your vulnerable population and how these play a role in the need for the services offered by your program. Describe how the vulnerable population experiences the health care system.  Analyze methods your program can use to overcome social and cultural differences.
  • Identify two or more community organizations or agencies with which you can partner in order to implement your program. Explain how these organizations can help you implement the services you offer and the continuum of care offered by the potential partnering agencies. Explain which services these organizations will provide to your clientele that are not covered by your program.  
  • Analyze at least four potential funding sources for your program, one of which must be from a state funded agency, one of which must be from a federally funded agency and the remaining two can be not-for-profit or for-profit business sources. Explain what factors must be met in order to receive funding from your sources.

Your final project will demonstrate quantitative literacy, which shows your ability to identify and solve problems.  Additionally, you must demonstrate integrative learning, which means you combine your earlier learning from this and other courses, analyze data from multiple perspectives, explore issues to their full extent as is required in the assignment, as well as incorporate your own personal and professional experiences.

Be detailed and convincing in describing the above elements.  For your presentation, you may choose between the following formats:
  • An APA formatted Final Paper
  • A PowerPoint Presentation
The Final Paper:
  • Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  • Must use at least six scholarly sources, not including the textbook.
  • Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
The PowerPoint Presentation:
  • Must be at least 18 slides in length (not including title and reference slides).
  • Must include a title slide with the following:
    • Title of presentation
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least six scholarly sources, not including the textbook.
  • Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate reference slide, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include detailed speaker notes for each slide.
  • Must be creative, using images and charts. Remember to cite all images taken from an online resource. Creative Commons and Flickr are great websites for open source images. 

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Running head: VULNERABLE POPULATION SUMMARY AND PROPOSED PROGRAM 1 Vulnerable Population Summary and Proposed Program Jennifer Hopes HCA430: Special Populations Michelle Clemons May 9, 2016 VULNERABLE POPULATION SUMMARY AND PROPOSED PROGRAM 2 Risk is defined as the possibility that someone could acquire an illness, in this case HIV/AIDS. Vulnerability is a persons ability in the community and individuals around to become infected. HIV/AIDS is a dangerous disease that essentially does not target a single gender, race, economic background or age group. It is a disease that is seen to be higher in some populations than others but not specifically with one group. HIV/AIDS increases in areas with conflict and inequality, poverty, and in areas with weak capacity for resources. Both men and women are susceptible and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS infection. The background, inequality, and gender put women at a greater risk of being infected. The lack of power women have in these communities and their socioeconomic inequality makes them a higher vulnerable group.The infection rate amongst African American women is twenty times higher than that of Caucasian women and four time higher than that of Hispanic or Latino women. It is seen that the highest rates of infection are in ethnic minority populations. African American men have the highest rate of infection among minority men at a rate of two-thirds of the population or sixty-four percent. Hispanics and Latinos have accounted for nearly one quarter of new diagnosis every year. Depending on cultural background it may increase the factors of infection in Hispanics and Latinos. These vulnerable populations typically do not go out and get testing, counseling, or treatment if infected because of stigma or fear of discrimination. Political factors have influed the way people look at HIV/AIDS since the beginning of a diagnosis. Socioeconomic factors such as poverty, edication level, little or no health insurance, access to health insurance, and even language differences contribute to an HIV/AIDS infection. “Domestically and internationally, HIV/AIDS is a disease that is embedded in social and VULNERABLE POPULATION SUMMARY AND PROPOSED PROGRAM 3 economic inequity” (Perry, 1998). When there is a lack of socioeconomic resources there tends to be riskier behaviors regarding ones health and the health of others. HIV/AIDS can be seen as restricting regarding ones ability to work and earn and income since the effects of the disease is one that is both physical and mental. Groups that are unable to recognize or identify their political, econimic, and social rights become more vulnerable to contracting HIV/AIDS. Although the HIV/AIDS risk factors are the same for every group, some gender and ethnic groups are affected more than others. This is because their population groups have higher rates of HIV/AIDS in their communities and therefore raising the risk of infection. Immediately following a diagnosis, many HIV/AIDS positive people are in a state of shock that can lead to confusion and depression. Denial is the most common after a diagnosis because the individual simply does not accept the diagnosis, they do not fully understand the implications of what a diagnosis means or it is a way for them to simply delay or not receive treatment. The health needs of those in particular communities with higher rates of HIV/AIDS need specific and specialized preventative care. In order to get the disease under control and minimize the spread we need to be preventative. Starting with awareness to the communities and helping them understand the disease and the spread of the disease. Issues surrounding the access to health care could explain the disproportionate number in ethnic minorities (Wilson & Yoshikawa 2007). Rual and urban communities will need similar health needs when it comes to screening, prevention, and treatment. Goals of new services provided are increase the access to care, reduce the number of new infections, and reduce HIV/AIDS related health disparities. It has been seen that current prevention methods are reaching less that one in five people that are at risk of infection. The VULNERABLE POPULATION SUMMARY AND PROPOSED PROGRAM 4 biggest challenge seen is to excelerate prevention methods and be able to reach the whole community. We will use public health advocates to collaborate and identify successful HIV/AIDS care delivery models. We will have patient advocates available to discuss prevention and diagnosis, case management to assist people along the way while receiving treatment, education and outreach centers in the community using volunteers if we cannot hire health care workers. Also developing a training program for providers to enhance their knowledge of the communities and the individuals affected so that we can ease the stigma that follows this particular disease. VULNERABLE POPULATION SUMMARY AND PROPOSED PROGRAM References American Psychological Associatio (2016) HIV/AIDS & Socioeconomic Status Perry, M. J. (1998). Gender, race and economic perspectives on the social epidemiology of HIV infection: Implications for prevention. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 19, 97-104. Wilson, P. A., & Yoshikawa, H. (2007). Improving access to health care among AfricanAmerican, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Latino lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations (pp. 607-637). Springer US. 5 Running head: ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS Assessment of Community-Level Barriers HIV/AIDS Jennifer Hopes HCA430: Special Populations Michelle Clemons May 16, 2016 1 ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS 2 The HIV/AIDS program will involve the use public health advocates to aid in the identification of successful HIV/AIDS care delivery models. We will also have available patient advocates to discuss the prevention, diagnosis and case management to assist people along the way while receiving treatment, education and outreach centers in the community using volunteers if we cannot hire health care workers. Also it will be necessary to develop a training program for providers to enhance their knowledge of the communities and the individuals affected so that we can ease the stigma that follows this particular disease. Therefore, in an attempt to effect this program, it is important to understand the various barriers that affect the ability of people living with AIDS to access quality medical care and solutions to such barriers. As well, the paper will also outline the ethical, legal, regulatory and accreditation requirements for the services offered in the program. One of the micro level barrier that affects individuals with HIV/AIDS is financial difficulties that are brought about by poverty. Having sufficient funds is usually associated with good health since an individual can access medical care whenever there is the need. HIV positive individuals tend to fall ill frequently and therefore need to have sufficient funds to access treatment when necessary. Therefore, poverty acts as a major financial barrier in ensuring the wellbeing of the individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Nourishment unreliability, a critical marker of low salary, is connected with treatment interferences and HIV-related mortality. Poor physical wellbeing related to personal satisfaction is connected with unemployment. Also, in a progression of center gatherings with 105 PHA crosswise over Canada, PHA of higher financial status were found to experience less separation as a consequence of having more assets, the capacity to bear the cost of medicinal administrations past what common medical coverage arranges give, and the capacity to stay away ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS 3 from dependence on social administrations. Destitute PHA was seen as encountering more separation as vagrancy all by itself is a wellspring of shame. A proposed solution for low income problem is The Benefits of Work: Notwithstanding money related security, advantages of job noted in the exploration include freedom, personality, strengthening, open doors for socialization and support. Also, sentiments of acknowledgment and self-esteem, certainty, fulfilment, a feeling of reason and satisfaction, every day structure, and a diversion from wellbeing concerns. Also, Government or societal programs should be initiated to help fund people with low income to help curb HIV prevalence. For instance the government should set aside some funds to give those who cannot afford to fund their expenses. As well, the macro level barrier associated with people living with HIV/AIDS is the difficulty in accessing financial help. Individuals with HIV/AIDS in the private protection market confront various obstructions in getting to and looking after consideration. As a result, such individuals end up not getting the best medical care because they cannot easily access the required funds (Moore & Chaisson 1997). A proposed solution to address this issue is that some states have embraced group rating while others have used community based ratings that allude to premium rates that are set for the group in general. Rates cannot be set in regard to an individual's case, status of wellbeing, or term of scope. Hence, the group rating would make it easy for the individuals to access the funds. Also, some states have obtained new approaches for individuals with HIV such as utilizing CARE Act stores or different projects that objective low-wage or uninsured individuals. Therefore, this can be a great solution to the issue of accessing funds. Different elements of private protection arranges that stance issues for people with HIV/AIDS are the yearly or lifetime tops on advantages, copayments, and deductibles, and points of confinement on administrations. At long last, the ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS 4 protection business sector and protection changes fluctuate altogether by state, in this manner introducing distinctive choices and restrictions to the nation. Results from the “HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study (HCSUS)”, for instance, show that “private protection scope for HIV fluctuated generously by area. In the West, 51 percent of HIV patients had private protection scope, contrasted and just 19 percent in the Northeast” (Bartlett J. 2002). The other barrier is the Medicaid issue. Certain components of the Medicaid program make access issues for individuals living with HIV/AIDS, most strikingly, the qualification criteria. Most grown-ups, for instance, are denied section into the system until they get to be debilitated, long after the standard of look after intercession and regardless of the accessibility of treatments that may forestall incapacity (Adams, 2001). To handle this issue, some states have joined forces with Medicad and have started to extend waivers for Medicaid qualifications to those individuals who have a low income and were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS prior to having the disability label. Although, the waivers should show that the government would not be spending anymore money than it would if not using the waiver. This measure has been troublesome for some states to meet. Also, access to life-sparing antiretroviral treatment through the Medicaid program permits numerous HIV/AIDS recipients to feel all around good to come back work, yet well-being change might be a twofold edged sword. The ethical issue is that the services of the program could incorporate the accompanying: Investigation of dangers and advantages of HIV cure examination to people and future patients, including social estimation of exploration for creating future biomedical intercessions; Creating instruments for partner engagement and correspondence about moral difficulties in HIV cure research. Another territory in HIV examination is the quest for a way to annihilate the infection from the body—a HIV "cure." While viable antiretroviral treatment has been tremendously fruitful ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS 5 in lessening bleakness and mortality from HIV contamination, the infection is never completely dispensed with from the body and patients must stay on deep rooted treatment. The objective of cure examination is to figure out where and how the infection lies torpid and create treatment calculations that fortify and dispose of infection supplies. A noteworthy moral test with this range of exploration is that early stage and translational trials should be directed with generally sound HIV-tainted patients. In particular, dangers and advantages of this kind of exploration are hard to survey, and patients may create misinterpretations about the probability of accomplishment. Gaining from and applying moral structures from early stage research in other illness ranges; directing relative moral investigation of early stage research in various settings. Also, the legal issues associated with the services of the program is that various lawful issues can influence HIV-tainted customers and the operations of substance misuse treatment programs. With different arrangements of standards administering HIV/AIDS and substance misuse treatment, consistence can be dubious. This section looks at legitimate issues (huge numbers of them with moral ramifications) in two fundamental zones which include the access to administrations and projects and in addition vocation open doors for recuperating substance abusers and persons living with HIV/AIDS and Secrecy or the security of customers' entitlement to protection. Both of these regions are secured by Federal and State laws, which are regularly endeavors to address the moral concerns included. Numerous Federal projects make consideration and treatment accessible to individuals living with HIV. Utilize the HIV Testing and Care Services Locator at the privilege to find federally–supported consideration and treatment administrations close you. Therefore, this regulatory action need to be observed in all the services being provided by the program. ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS 6 ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY-LEVEL BARRIERS References Adams, E. K. (2001). Factors affecting physician provision of preventive care to Medicaid children. Health care financing review, 22(4), 9. Bartlett J., Wellons, M. F., Sanders, L., Edwards, L. J., Heald, A. E., & Schmader, K. E. (2002). HIV infection: treatment outcomes in older and younger adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50(4), 603-607. Bhattacharya, J., Goldman, D., & Sood, N. (2003). The link between public and private insurance and HIV-related mortality. Journal of Health Economics, 22(6), 1105-1122. Moore, R. D., & Chaisson, R. E. (1997). Costs to Medicaid of advancing immunosuppression in an urban HIV-infected patient population in Maryland.JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 14(3), 223-231. 7 ...
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Tutor Answer

School: UIUC


• People with HIV/AIDS have been categorized as a vulnerable
population among the chronically ill and disabled as well as those
who have psychological and physical health domains.
• The needs of these populations are serious and vital because they
face poor health as well as risk other illnesses altogether.
• In this regard, need our assistance as they are subjected to all sorts of
trauma, discrimination as well as possible abuse from their family

• The need to assist these population in my community is because
HIV/AIDS is linked to many other diseases including but not limited to
tuberculosis and malaria. if these population is not well catered for
health wise then the nation as a whole will not be making any
progress in fighting the epidemic.
• In my community this population has not been in a position to access
the health services provided specifically for people with HIV/AIDS.
This is because being a remote area, the place is usually forgotten or
not in the schedule every time there is provision of these services.

Health care needs
The population with the virus in my community have health care needs
because some of then do not even have the financial capability of
buying the health care services.
Some of the health care needs include screening and prevention and
treatment of other health conditions . Most of my community
members who are infected with this virus experience high prevalence
of chronic pain, substance abuse disorders and, health needs as well as
other chronic diseases.

• Nevertheless the older population especially those who are above 45
years have been on the rise in developing other chronic medical
morbidities including cardiovascular diseases, cognitive impairment,
cancer and diabetes.
• Though for the older generation the chronic pain may stem form
aging itself, it may also be the effects of the virus or antiretroviral

• Mental health among this population also needs to be checked; in
particular depression which often goes untreated ...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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