What do you think would happen to state employment if the federal government decided that, rather than passing laws and making states carry them out, it would simply give the states responsibility for a major social program such as welfare?
The more funds that are allocated for state usage, the more employment will rise within state government. Why, the trend tends to be more developments of programs and/or the expansion of current programs when funds are available. This also means a hiring trend to supplement the new and/or expansion of state programs. Welfare in general will most definitely require more resources to operate, how, that is if the state intends on using for that purpose.