15 pages research paper about postwar Japan and recovery, history homework help

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School: Carnegie Mellon University

Japan’s Postwar Economic Miracle
The Second World War so the United States comes into a major conflict with Japan, an
Asian country that practiced communism and was going through development. In the conflict
the US obtained intelligence about military developments and the manufacturing of weapons that
was happening in Japan, and under the leadership of president Truman, an order was issued to
stop Japan from any further militarization because it was becoming a threat to international
peace. The US went ahead and executed air raids against potential areas where military factories
were located. The height of the air raids were in Hiroshima and Nagasaki where the nuclear
bombing caused massive destruction that finally led to the surrender of Japan in 1945. The
Second World War had a significant negative on the economy of Japan. There was an economic
crisis in Japan after the war and there was widespread devastation in the country. The war had
crippled the economy with the massive damage that occurred in the industries. Food was a major
problem because of the shortages that were witnessed1. However, the United States came with
hope and new reforms that were geared towards reconstructing Japan to make her rise up and
also to prevent the spread of communism that was threatening. Between 1945 and 1953 the
operation led by Douglas MacArthur instituted major reforms that turned Japan from an ailing
economy into one of the best performing economy. Achievement of economy is the particularly
intuitive approach of great recovery of Japan after World War II. Technology development,

Bezruchka, Stephen. (2008).Improving Economic Equality and Health: The Case of Postwar

Japan. American Journal of Public Health

social reforms, and political factors also led to Japan’s rapid growth and recovery. Japan
transformed from postwar recovery to economic miracle.
I. Major problems in Japan After World War II
Physical War Damage
There was extensive damage of infrastructure as a result of the air strikes by the US in Japan.
The air raids targeted the Japanese military industry that were used in the manufacture of
weapons. The attacks demolished the buildings where the purported manufacturing of weapons
was happening. In such raids, the workers who were considered as combatants lost their lives.
There was massive destruction of Japanese cities such as the Hiroshima which was the second
largest after Kyoto. The bombings in Hiroshima caused a lot of destruction of communications
and other physical structures that were being used by the Japanese military. An estimated 69%
of buildings in Hiroshima were destroyed by the nuclear bombing. There was also massive
destruction of buildings with the nuclear bombing in Nagasaki. The bombings in Hiroshima and
Nagasaki destroyed institutions such as hospitals, schools, homes thus ending up with more
casualties and devastation. The war raved utility poles and other telecommunication lines in the
two cities. The waves from the bombings destabilized buildings making them unsuitable for
habitation. The physical damage of the airstrikes in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were extensive and
went several kilometers because of the manner in which the ball of fire and the strong waves
penetrated through physical structures. 2


Johnson, Chalmers (1982). Miti and the Japanese Miracle: The Growth of Industrial Policy:

1925-1975. Stanford: Stanford University Press

Shortages and inflation
There were major shortages in energy and food. The shortages in energy arose because of the
destruction in utility supply poles and other infrastructure. Before the War, the Japanese
depended on coal as a source of energy, but production declined during the war and after the
defeat. The impact of the Korean and Chinese workers refusal to work in the coal mines was
being felt by the Japanese. The workers in plantations were being subjected to poor working
conditions, and this was part of their grievances. The decision by the foreign workers in the coal
mines brought the industry to a near paralysis. As this happened the nation’s food production
was also in crisis. The production of rice, which was a stable food for the country, was
experiencing shortfalls leading to increases in prices of the commodity. Because of the little food
that was available, there was rationing in the market. People had to travel to the rural areas in
order to exchange their personal belongings with food. There were many cases of people
violating the law by engaging in black market in order to survive in the food crisis.
There was widespread fear that people in Japan were going to starve to death because of the
shortage in fuel and food. The problem of inflation also worsened after the Second World War.
The activities in the military service were partly responsible for the high levels of inflation.
Large volume of funds from the military had flown into circulation and they were causing the
high inflation rates. Troops had been paid large sums, and those who had delivered military
goods had also been paid. Price controls were effected by the government, but they did not
control the inflation because of the growth in the black market. There was a major problem with

foreign exchange that was highly regulated. For instance, the rate for items varied, and it favored
export business than imports into Japan. Because of the impact of the War, the volume of
International trade was high...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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