Philosophy Discussion Forum

Jul 14th, 2014
Price: $20 USD

Question description

We shall be seeing Kant, Aristotle/Plato, the Utilitarians, (Mill, Bentham, Taylor, and Hume (by inference)), and Feminists, such as Nel Noddings, Carol Gilligan, among others.

Aristotle and Plato: they believed in Virtues:

Wisdom/Knowledge, Courage, Temperance, Justice, and Compassion. Plato laid out his views in THE REPUBLIC.

Aristotle laid it out in The Nicomachean Ethics.

KANT: Here is Mr. Deontology, with his Categorical Imperative and Duty-based theory in which results/Consequences (alone) do not make an action ethical/moral. 

We call him the FIRST Non-Consequentialist.

UTILITARIANS: These are the original "BOTTOM-LINE" Folks. Today we call them Consequentialists. To determine if an action is ethical/Moral, one looks at the Results.  . .

FEMINISTS: There is, as you saw in Feminist Epistemology and Metaphysics, a variety of views. Start with Carol Gilligan's work. Then, go to the Ethics of Care, and then to Martha Nussbaum's "Capabilties" Approach. . .

As you can see, there is a variety of views in THE FIELD, in general.

Other key distinctions: Cultural Relativism, Subjectivism, and Universalism. . .:-)

Now, take a bit of time to research (since you will need these for NEXT WEEK, as well), and identify the TWO, primary and generic schools of Moral/Ethical Philosophy, the views of some of the folks I mentioned, in MORE detail, and to which school the afore-mentioned Moral Philosophers belong. . . You have Stanford materials as a research starting point. . .:-)

Tutor Answer

(Top Tutor) johnalia
School: UC Berkeley

Studypool has helped 1,244,100 students

Review from student
" Wow this is really good.... didn't expect it. Sweet!!!! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1823 tutors are online

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors