Business Finance
Critical Thinking Questions & Questionnaire:

Question Description

Read Chapters 1, 2, and 3 from Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. You will then complete two Critical Thinking Questions from each chapter. Your answers must include at least two references in addition to the course text Each question should be addressed with a minimum of 50 words.

Chapter 1 - What Field Did You Say You Were In? Defining and Naming 

In addition to the difficulty of describing to your friends and family what instructional technology designers actually do, what other challenges might arise from not having an industry standard, agreed-upon terminology for labeling or describing what IDT is?Describe how Instructional Design has evolved from its beginnings through to present day. What changed in the 50s-70s?Compare and contrast the two definitions of Instructional Design in 1970.Why do you suppose the latest AECT definition of educational technology includes the word "ethical" where prior definitions did not?

Chapter 2 – Characteristics of Instructional Design Models 

Pick any three of the nine characteristics that the author uses to describe the systems concept and describe a scenario where these three characteristics interplay with one another.Explain why taking a student-centered approach to instructional design can be a powerful paradigm shift. Compare and contrast this approach to a "teacher-centered" approach.Explain why it is difficult to write meaningful objectives early in the design process. How do the Pebble-in-the-Pond and Ten Steps to Complex Learning approaches address this challenge? How do they differ in their approach?

Chapter 3 – Characteristics of Instructional Design Models 

Do you agree with the traditional role of instructional media and teachers that the broad educational community has held for the past 100 years; or do you agree with the viewpoints of some professionals in the ID&T field? Why?What do you think the authors of Visualizing the Curriculum (1937) meant when they stated that the value of audiovisual material was a function of their degree of realism? Why do you think this was such an important book at the time? Compare & contrast the Cold War impacts on the development of an instructional design process (IDP) with an instructional design technology (IDT). Which field (IDP or IDT) do you think was more effected by the Cold War? Why? While the private sector and the military have been early adopters, the author notes that the education sector has been remiss in integrating both new technologies as well as new processes for teaching. What is your reaction to that trend? What do you think are the main barriers and how might you see them being overcome going forward?Critical Thinking Questionnaire:Critical Thinking Questions.docx 

  1. What assignment was most engaging? Why?
  2. At what moment in this week were you most distant from the class? Why?
  3. Were you confused about any assignment or learning activity?
  4. What surprised you the most this week?
  5. Evaluate your work this week. What assignments and/or activities did you excel in? What could you have improved on?

Unformatted Attachment Preview

These are the discussion we did for the first week: These questions have been completed. So these should help you to answer the questions for the Critical Thinking Questionnaire: Part 1 John Seely Brown, professor at USC, spoke at MIT and said, “We learn through our interactions with others and the world and there’s no more perfect medium for enabling this than an increasingly open and organized World Wide Web.” To learn more about his talk on “Relearning learning” please watch the video below from MIT World – a free and open site aimed at distributing intelligence to the world: Relearning Learning – Applying the Long Tail. The Cartesian method of learning views knowledge as a substance, pedagogy as a knowledge transfer. A more social view of learning approaches knowledge as a socially constructed (others inform others) – we learn through our interactions with the world. Advocates of social learning might not be surprised then that one of the strongest determiners of success at Harvard is how fast you develop a collaborative study group. These study groups also exist virtually. Dewey, in “Democracy and Education” warns of the dangers of informal to formal learning. He argues that students learn best in environments free from constraints and natural to the learner. Based on this notion, you might reflect on moments where you have seen counter culture classrooms with bean bags, couches, open spaces for learning where students can move freely around the room in a more relaxed manner. The educators who designed these classrooms had educational progressives like Dewey in mind. Based on the philosophy of Dewey, the beliefs of John Seeley Brown, and the idea that study groups are essential to success and can take place virtually, what type of online learning environment would best meet the needs of virtual study groups? What would the role of the teacher be in managing and facilitating these groups? Part 2 Conducting Research in the Ashford Library A peer reviewed journal or article is an article or journal that has been reviewed by experts in the field and deemed to be worth reading by other professionals. Typically this is an extensive process in which reviewers are carefully vetted for expertise and professional experience. In this assignment, you will have an opportunity to examine a peer reviewed article and apply what you have learned to a professional scenario or activity. Please refer to the following tutorials for guidance on conducting scholarly research at the Ashford Library: • • About Scholarly Journals and Online Databases How to Conduct Research Using the Ashford Library Activity: Imagine you are the lead for a team of 10 remote employees in an organization. [Note: The organization might be an institution of higher education, a PK-12 school, a corporate initiative, or even a military group. The choice is yours; as you consider this dilemma however, keep the employee/learner audience you have selected in mind!] The 10 employees live across the United States and are therefore in different time zones. There is no budget to bring everyone together physically in the same location. The dilemma is that you need to quickly train your team of 10 on new policies and procedures for your organization about taking leave time. You also need to train everyone how to use the scheduling system for leave time. A few of the employees suggest a meeting with the group using a webinar. Pat, one of your employees, recommends Adobe Connect. Ryan, another employee suggests Blackboard Collaborate. However, you are thinking of free options, such as Skype or similar free software for synchronous interaction given your budgetary restrictions. To prepare for your decision, you decide to review literature about synchronous e-learning. STEP 1: Review Synchronous Learning Literature Pat sends you Hrastinski’s (2008) article about asynchronous and synchronous e-learning online and Ryan sends you the McBrien, Jones, and Cheng’s (2009) article on employing synchronous online classrooms for student engagement: • Hrastinski, S. (2008). Asynchronous and synchronous e-learning. Educause Quarterly, 4, 51-55. Retrieved from • McBrien, J. L., Jones, P., & Cheng, R. (2009, June). Virtual spaces: Employing a synchronous online classroom to facilitate student engagement in online learning. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(3). Retrieved from Although the articles are helpful, you decide you need more current literature about synchronous learning. Therefore, you decide to go to your favorite library (i.e., the Ashford University Library!) to research more current articles about training with synchronous tools. After reading the articles from Hrastinski (2008) and McBrien, et al (2009), linked above, use the Ashford University Library to locate at least one more scholarly article about use of synchronous tools for E-Learning and instructional design. The article needs to come from a peer reviewed source (e.g., Journal) and be a fulltext article. • Tip: Suggested search keywords are “synchronous learning,” “elearning tools,” “synchronous instructional design.”. You should then use this article(s) to support your response in the weekly discussion. Please specify the database where you located the article(s) as part of your APA citation. STEP 2: Research Specific Tools Review the following product pages for the three products you are considering to gain more familiarity with each tool in terms of options and pricing. As you review each product, consider how you might design the training for your team of 10 and what features you will want to incorporate based on the literature about designing for synchronous learning you reviewed in Step 1. • • • Adobe Connect Blackboard Collaborate Skype STEP 3: Write a Response to the Dilemma Construct a response (e.g., Letter, Email, Video) to your team addressing the suggestions made for webinar training and the tools you’ve considered. The letter must explain your thoughts on the use of a synchronous learning as an eLearning tool and discuss specific trends and issues with instructional design in relation to using synchronous learning. Support your discussion in the response by synthesizing and referring to the literature you reviewed. For the citation of the article you selected from the Ashford University Library, please be sure to include the database where you retrieved the article. If you select a video option, a transcript or closed captioning is required. ...
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Final Answer

teamnosleep (489)
UC Berkeley

Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.