Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in the ICU Annotated Bibliography

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Each of your annotations should summarize, assess, and reflect. Please see the Purdue OWL website for further information on how to create a summary and evaluation of each resource: Annotated Bibliographies and Samples. Well-informed opinions are encouraged in each annotation; if you find a website that isn't user-friendly, for example, state that in your evaluation of the resource. Including such evaluations in your annotated bibliography will ensure that your future self will be well-informed.

Prior to your list of annotations, write a brief paragraph at the beginning of your document that describes your rationale for selecting included annotations. There is no minimum or maximum number of annotations. There is no required content or resources that must be included. The intent is to have a repository of resources deemed useful by you and for you.

Present your Annotated Bibliography in a scholarly and professional manner (i.e., APA formatting and no errors in spelling or grammar).

These are the sources I need

1 Kalanuria, A., Zai, W. & Mirski, M. (2014). Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the ICU. Critical Care 18(2): 208.

2 Woske, H., Roding, T. Sculz, I. & Lode, H. (2001). Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in a Surgical Intensive Care Unit: Epidemiology, Etiology, and Comparison of Three Bronchoscopic Methods for Microbiological Specimen Sampling. Critical Care 5(3): 167-173.

3 Hua, F., Xie, H., Worthington, H. V., Furness, S., Zhang, Q., & Li, C. (2016). Oral hygiene care for critically ill patients to prevent ventilator‐associated pneumonia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10).

4 Boltey, E. (2017). 5 Nursing Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. My American Nurse.

5 de Camargo, L., da Silva, S. N., & Chambrone, L. (2019). Efficacy of toothbrushing procedures performed in intensive care units in reducing the risk of ventilator‐associated pneumonia: A systematic review. Journal of periodontal research, 54(6), 601-611.

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Explanation & Answer



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Ventilator-associated Pneumonia
Patients with severe medical conditions and tend to be placed under mechanical
ventilation breathing equipment in hospitals might contact lung infections, which in turn lead to
ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The infection tends to affect these critically ill
individuals placed in the intensive care unit (ICU), leading to increased mortality and increased
medical expenditure around the globe. Several authors and journals have discussed the
prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of the specific disease. The analysis below is an annotated
bibliography for ventilator-associated pneumonia standards in European hospitals.
Kalanuria, A., Zai, W. & Mirski, M. (2014). Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in the ICU.
Critical Care 18(2): 208.

The above article discusses the various causes of VAP, the incubation period, and the
various medical measures which are put I place for its early diagnosis. As stated by Kalanuria et
al., (2014), VAP infection takes 48-72 hours of endotracheal intubation followed by inflating
progressive sigs of infections, which are altered white blood cells ad fever. The article will be
very useful since it analyses the random risk certainty associated with the infection, which is
estimated to be at 9-27 percent. With such analysis, the medical fraternity will be able to control
the rate ranges of VAP that are 1.2 to 8.5 per 1000 ventilator days in the ICU. Considering that
during the first five days of admis...

I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!


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