Health Medical
NYU Wk 5 Specific Dependent & Independent Variable Cohort Studies Discussion

New York University

Question Description

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The word cohort is a group of people that share characteristics. So cohort studies are a type of medical research used to investigate the causes of disease and to establish links between risk factors and health outcomes. It is a particular form of longitudinal study that samples a cohort typically those who experienced a common event in a selected period, such as birth or graduation, performing a cross-section at intervals through time.

Mental illness is a health condition that is extremely common but is constantly going unnoticed. The cohort study of the relationship between mental illness and physical activity. The participants' treatment group are 928 12–13 year olds in the UK. These participants were in the Activity and Healthy Eating in Adolescence trial (AHEAD) trial and were observed over 3 years. The physical activity was measured using accelerometers. At follow-up, mental wellbeing was measured using the ‘Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale’ (WEMWBS) and symptoms of mental health disorder using the ‘Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire’ (SDQ) (Bell, Audrey, Gunnell, Cooper, & Campbell 2019.)The analyses assessed the association between physical activity and the measures of mental wellbeing and symptoms of mental health disorder.This cohort study found no strong evidence that physical activity is associated with better mental wellbeing or reduced symptoms of mental health disorder in adolescents. However, a protective association between physical activity and the emotional problems subscale of the SDQ was found.

A cohort study described as an observational study rather than an experimental study because an observational study is a study where researchers simply collect data based on what is seen and heard and infer based on the data collected.Observational studies are ones where researchers observe the effect of a risk factor, diagnostic test, treatment or other intervention without trying to change who is or isn’t exposed to it. (At work 2016)

Bell, S. L., Audrey, S., Gunnell, D., Cooper, A., & Campbell, R. (2019.). The relationship between physical activity, mental wellbeing and symptoms of mental health disorder in adolescents: a cohort study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 16(1). https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1186/s12966-019-0901-7


At Work, Issue 83, Winter (2016) Institute for Work & Health, Toronto retrieved from https://www.iwh.on.ca/what-researchers-mean-by/observational-vs-experimental-studies


Respond to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below... in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words..... .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.)

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Final Answer

Attached.

Running head: COHORT STUDIES

1

Cohort Studies
Name
Institution

COHORT STUDIES

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Cohort Studies

As indicated in the post, cohort studies are a form of longitudinal study which
observes the association between a specific dependent and independent variable. Cohort
studies are associated with various limitations. Prospective cohort studies have been shown to
follow a large number of par...

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