I need an explanation for this Health & Medical question to help me study.
Purpose and Overview
The second essay assignment of the semester asks you to make an
argument based upon a claim of value. It is, of course, the second of
the three types of claims you will use to make arguments this semester.
Later in the semester, you will write an argument based upon a claim of
policy. This assignment continues builds upon skills you enhanced in
ENGL 100 F (or its equivalent): development of your ideas, research, and
organization of material. A claim of fact needs factual information as
support. It should also build upon some of the skills you worked on in
the first essay assignment.
Background Readings (in Elements of Arguments)
American Association of University Professors, “On Trigger Warnings,” pp. 461-463
John G. Browning, “Watch That Tweet! Monitoring of Student Athletes’ Social Media,” pp. 490-492
Stephen Burt, “Why Not Get Rid of Student Evaluations?”, pp. 442-445
Isaac Gilman, “Online Lives, Offline Consequences: Professionalism, Information Ethics, and Professional Students,” pp. 485-490
Aaron R. Hanlon, “The Trigger Warning Myth,” pp. 456-460
Elise Hu, “Facebook Makes Us Sadder and Less Satisfied, Study Finds,” pp. 484-485
Alfredo Lopez, “Social Networking and the Death of the Internet,” pp. 478-481
Rebecca Shuman, “Needs Improvement,” pp. 439-442
Amy Webb, “We Post Nothing about Our Daughter Online,” pp. 482-483
In an essay of at least 1,200 words (about 4-5 pages), chose a topic
about which you can make an argument based upon a claim of value. You
may use one of the topics in the background readings listed above or you
may decide to select a topic of your own.
Based upon the topic you have chosen, make a judgment that is
based upon standards that measure the worth of an action, belief,
performance, or object associated with that topic.
You will need to use at least three outside sources in your final
draft. If you choose one of the topics suggested by the textbook
readings, you may use one of the textbook readings as one of the minimum
three sources. You may want to use more than one of the textbook
readings, but only one of them will count toward meeting the minimum of
three outside sources.
Use MLA format when introducing and citing sources, including the
readings from the textbook. You will also need to include a Works Cited
list that includes all of the outside sources you used in your final
draft. The Works Cited list does not count toward the minimum word
For the Thesis and Rough Draft Workshop, you will need to have made a
tentative selection of a possible topic and located at least one
outside source other than the readings from the textbook. Bring your
potential source to class on the day of the workshop. You should have
also considered what standards and/or criteria are appropriate for
making your claim of value related to the topic or issue you’ve chosen.
And you should have considered what an opposing viewpoint to your claim
Some notes to help you with your rough and final drafts:
- Choose a specific action, belief, performance, or object associated
with your chosen topic or issue that lends itself to a claim of value.
The more specific the choice, the easier it will be to research and
discuss. Set reasonable parameters for yourself.
- You should probably be explicit in your essay as to the standards or criteria that you are using to make your judgment.
- If you are going to make a claim based upon an aesthetic judgment,
be sure you understand the commonly accepted standards and/or criteria
used in the field you are writing about.
- If you are going to make a claim based upon a moral judgment, be
careful not to alienate or offend readers who may espouse opposing views
on the subject.
- The counterarguments for this type of argument may either be using a
different set of criteria or standards to make a judgment or may reach a
different conclusion based upon that same set of standards or criteria.