Law
CJ 675 SNHU Foundation Criminology Theories Proposal

CJ 675

Southern New Hampshire University

CJ

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I’m stuck on a Law question and need an explanation.

Feedback for all attached as well as all projects please put everything together and edit if needed.

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Once you have reviewed and incorporated all of your feedback from your drafts, submit your final project here.

To complete this assignment, review the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.


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CJ 675 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric Overview The final project for this course is the creation of a solution proposal. The final product represents an authentic demonstration of competency because you must present an analysis, defend a proposed solution, and illustrate a plan for communicating a proposal to both internal and external audiences. The project is divided into two milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Five and Seven. The final product will be submitted in Module Nine. In this assignment, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following course outcomes:      Determine patterns and trends present in criminal justice data that inform data-driven decision making regarding contemporary criminal justice issues Determine appropriate research that supports decision making regarding contemporary criminal justice issues Employ strategic methods used by leaders in the field of criminal justice for informing the decision-making process of data-driven solutions Propose data-driven solutions that address contemporary issues in criminal justice agencies Communicate to diverse audiences data-driven recommendations that address contemporary criminal justice issues using best practices of the field Prompt For your final project, you will assume the role of a leader within a criminal justice organization of your choice. Based on your chosen scenario, you will be presented with a specific challenge faced by your organization that is emblematic of wider issues in contemporary criminal justice. Your task is to develop an evidence-based solution for the problem, which will be articulated in a formal solution proposal to be presented to your organization’s leadership team. You will be given information (including this data set) for your scenario, but you must also conduct your own research on comparable organizations and trends in the field to determine opportunities and external threats. You will use the data, your research, and your knowledge of theory to develop an informed, data-driven solution to the issue. Finally, you will conclude your solution proposal by identifying internal and external audiences for your solution and creating examples of targeted communications for disseminating your ideas. Based on the best available data and research, what is the ideal solution for addressing the challenge facing your organization? Specifically, you must address the critical elements listed below. Most of the critical elements align with a particular course outcome (shown in brackets). I. Introduction: In this section, establish a context that provides your audience with any background information that is necessary for understanding your proposal. 1 II. Theory and Methods: In this section, explain the theoretical frameworks that underpin your analysis and proposed solution. a) Identify foundational criminology theories that apply to your chosen organization and the challenge it faces. Draw connections between the theories and the specific context that will ultimately support your analysis and your proposed solution. b) Examine the strategic methods used by leaders in the field for approaching problems such as yours. For example, what do the current best practices in the field suggest in terms of researching and investigating the issue? Highlight methods that support your proposal. c) Similarly, identify best practices in the field for communicating with diverse audiences. Illustrate these practices with specific examples that will ultimately support your communication plan. III. Literature Review: In this section, present all of the evidence that you have analyzed (including the provided data and your independent research) and that will support your proposed solution. a) Data Analysis: Using the provided data, determine any patterns and trends that are present. What meaning and significance can you glean from the data? b) Research: Present your research on the issue that builds on the patterns and trends you identified in the data. For example, are there prior solutions that similar organizations have implemented in addressing this type of issue? What meaning and significance can you glean from your research? c) Root Causes: Based on your data analysis and independent research, explain what you believe to be the root causes of the issue. Logically justify your conclusion using the evidence. IV. Proposal: In this section, present and defend your plan for solving the issue facing your organization. a) Solution: i. Based on your theoretical framework and your analysis and research, propose a solution that effectively addresses the issue. ii. Illustrate your proposal with the specific steps that the organization would need to take in order to properly execute the solution. iii. Recommend strategic methods that leadership of the organization could apply in effectively implementing your proposed solution. b) Defense: i. Explain how your solution will improve the situation for both your organization and the community that is affected by the issue. Use specific examples to illustrate. ii. Explain how the data you analyzed and the trends you identified have guided you to this solution. In other words, how did your analysis of the data inform your decision making? Use specific examples to illustrate. iii. Explain how your research led you to this solution. In other words, how did the evidence in your research inform your decision making? Use specific examples to illustrate. V. Communication Plan: In this section, explain how you will disseminate the key ideas of your proposal. a) Determine who the key internal and external audiences for your proposal are, and explain how you would present the information to them. Your communication plan should reflect the best practices in the field, as discussed in your Theory and Methods section. 2 b) Choose one internal audience and develop a sample communication for them regarding your proposed solution. Be sure that your communication is appropriate for this audience and is aligned with best practices in the field. c) Choose one external audience and develop a sample communication for them regarding your proposed solution. Be sure that your communication is appropriate for this audience and is aligned with best practices in the field. VI. References: In this section, cite all of your sources using APA formatting and guidelines. Milestones Milestone One: First Draft In Module Five, you will submit the first draft of your final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone One Rubric. Milestone Two: Second Draft In Module Seven, you will submit the second draft of your final project. This milestone will be graded with the Milestone Two Rubric. Final Submission: Solution Proposal In Module Nine, you will submit your final project. It should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the critical elements of the final product. It should reflect the incorporation of feedback gained throughout the course. This submission will be graded with the Final Project Rubric. 3 Final Project Rubric Guidelines for Submission: Your solution proposal should be 10–12 pages in length (plus a cover page and references) and should be written in APA format. Use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Critical Elements Introduction Theory and Methods: Criminology Theories [CJ-675-03] Theory and Methods: Strategic Methods [CJ-675-03] Theory and Methods: Communication Best Practices [CJ-675-03] Literature Review: Data Analysis [CJ-675-01] Literature Review: Research [CJ-675-02] Exemplary (100%) Meets “Proficient” criteria and introduction expertly balances detail with the need for concise, clear communication Meets “Proficient” criteria and discussion reflects keen insight into the strategic methods used by leaders in the criminal justice field Meets “Proficient” criteria and examination reflects keen insight into the strategic methods used by leaders in the criminal justice field Meets “Proficient” criteria and illustration reflects keen insight into the strategic methods used by leaders in the criminal justice field Meets “Proficient” criteria and analysis reflects sophisticated ability to interpret and translate raw data into meaningful information Meets “Proficient” criteria, and selection and application of sources reflects advanced research skills for the criminal justice field Proficient (90%) Establishes a detailed context that provides all background information that is necessary for understanding the proposal Identifies and draws connections between relevant criminological theories and the specific context in order to support the proposal Examines strategic methods that apply to the specific problem and highlights those that are considered best practices to support the proposal Identifies and illustrates best practices in the field for communicating with diverse audiences Determines accurate and meaningful patterns and trends in the data and explains their significance in detail Presents relevant, credible research that builds on the information gleaned from the data and supports the proposal 4 Needs Improvement (70%) Discusses some background information, but fails to fully establish a detailed context for the proposal Discusses criminological theory, but fails to select relevant theories or connect them to the specific context for supporting the proposal Discusses strategic methods, but fails to draw connections to the specific problem or selects methods that would not be considered best practices Discusses practices for communicating with diverse audiences, but does not identify best practices or does not fully illustrate the practices Discusses the patterns and trends in the data, but makes misguided interpretations or fails to explain the significance in detail Presents research, but selected sources have issues of credibility or relevance or are not properly used to build on the data analysis and support the proposal Not Evident (0%) Does not discuss background information Value 5 Does not discuss criminological theories 4.5 Discusses strategic methods, but fails to draw connections to the specific problem or selects methods that would not be considered best practices Does not discuss practices for communicating with diverse audiences 4.5 Does not discuss the patterns and trends in the data 6 Does not discuss research into the problem in question 6 4.5 Literature Review: Root Causes [CJ-675-01] Proposal: Solution [CJ-675-04] Proposal: Specific Steps [CJ-675-04] Proposal: Implementing [CJ-675-03] Proposal: Improve [CJ-675-04] Proposal: Data [CJ-675-01] Meets “Proficient” criteria and conclusion reflects sophisticated ability to interpret and translate raw data into meaningful information Meets “Proficient” criteria and demonstrates creative or insightful application of datadriven decision making to solve contemporary issues Meets “Proficient” criteria and demonstrates creative or insightful application of datadriven decision making to solve contemporary issues Meets “Proficient” criteria and recommendation reflects keen insight into the strategic methods used by leaders in the criminal justice field Meets “Proficient” criteria and demonstrates creative or insightful application of datadriven decision making to solve contemporary issues Meets “Proficient” criteria and decision-making process clearly benefited from a sophisticated ability to interpret and translate raw data into meaningful information Presents a logical conclusion about the root causes of the problem based on the data analysis and research Presents a conclusion, but there are gaps in logic or it is not fully supported by the data or research Does not present a conclusion about the root causes of the problem in question 6 Proposes an effective solution to the problem that is fully supported by the theoretical framework, data, and research Proposes a solution to the problem, but it is ineffective or not fully supported by the theoretical framework, data, or research Discusses steps for executing the solution, but there are gaps in necessary detail Does not propose a solution to the problem 6 Does not discuss the steps for executing the solution 6 Recommends implementation methods for leadership, but fails to recommend strategic methods for effectively implementing the solution Discusses the potential of the solution to improve the situation, but fails to fully defend the solution using specific examples Does not recommend methods for leadership to implement the strategy 4.5 Does not discuss the potential of the solution to improve the situation for the organization and the community 6 Discusses the relationship of the data to the solution, but fails to conclusively demonstrate that the data informed the solution and the decision-making process Does not discuss the relationship of the data to the solution 6 Illustrates the proposed solution with specific steps that the organization would need to take in order to properly execute the solution Recommends strategic methods for leadership to use in effectively implementing the solution Defends the likelihood of the solution to substantively improve the situation for the organization and the community using specific examples Demonstrates conclusively how the data informed the solution and the decisionmaking process 5 Proposal: Research [CJ-675-02] Meets “Proficient” criteria and decision-making process clearly benefited from advanced research skills for the criminal justice field Demonstrates conclusively how the research findings informed the solution and the decision-making process Communication Plan: Present the Information [CJ-675-05] Meets “Proficient” criteria and plan reflects nuanced understanding of the best practices for effectively communicating with diverse audiences Meets “Proficient” criteria and sample reflects nuanced understanding of the best practices for effectively communicating with diverse audiences Meets “Proficient” criteria and sample reflects nuanced understanding of the best practices for effectively communicating with diverse audiences Meets “Proficient” criteria and selection of source material reflects advanced research skills for the criminal justice field Submission is free of errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, and organization and is presented in a professional and easy to read format Presents a communication plan that applies best practices to effectively present information to internal and external audiences Communication Plan: Internal Audience [CJ-675-05] Communication Plan: External Audience [CJ-675-05] References [CJ-675-02] Articulation of Response Discusses the relationship of the research to the solution, but fails to conclusively demonstrate that the data informed the solution and the decision-making process Presents a communication plan, but it fails to apply best practices to effectively present information to internal or external audiences Does not discuss the relationship of the research findings to the solution 6 Does not present a communication plan 6 Includes a sample communication for an internal audience that reflects best practices in the field Includes a sample communication for an internal audience, but it does not fully reflect best practices in the field Does not include a sample communication for an internal audience 6 Includes a sample communication for an external audience that reflects best practices in the field Includes a sample communication for an external audience, but it does not fully reflect best practices in the field Does not include a sample communication for an external audience 6 Includes a complete bibliography of all references used following APA formatting that are each relevant and credible Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization Includes a bibliography, but it is incomplete, contains irrelevant or non-credible sources, or does not fully follow APA formatting Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability or articulation of main ideas Does not include a bibliography 6 Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas 5 Total 6 100% Running Head: ANATOMY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE PRISON INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 1 Anatomy of Criminal Justice Prison Industrial Complex Southern New Hampshire University February 23, 2019 ANATOMY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE PRISON INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 2 Introduction A criminal justice system involves the procedures, laws, and institutions that are embedded within a society and are used to respond to crime. The criminal justice system entails an ever-changing set of policies, rules, and procedures that highlight large scale enormity and complexity. This paper will explore problems resulting from institutions and the criminal system in the United States involving the prison industrial complex and the management of prisons. In recent times, these institutions have been pledged with a profit maximization driven motive as they have taken advantage of incarceration. Many of these institutions have private affiliations, and thus, they have majorly been business-oriented hence overrule the primary principle of prisons to carry out justice rather than making a profit. Most of these institutions experience high rates of overcrowding, mishandling of inmates, and generally poor living conditions that the inmates are exposed to. These institutions have immense power over inmates and often fail to provide adequate rehabilitation in molding and preparing inmates for life after they transit back to society. Theories and Methods The Social Control Theory Through socialization, individuals are able to conform to the rules of society, and these ties are maintained by rehabilitation institutions and people who have closer ties with the perpetrators of crime. Basically, crime is a result of broken bonds between the individual and ANATOMY OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE PRISON INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 3 society. In addition, as these bonds grow and strengthen, the costs of crime to these specific individuals increase as well. The social control theory is one of the earliest fundamental criminological theories and has provided the roots for the development of modern criminological theories and its influence on policies of actual crime control. According to Gottfredson and Hirschi (2019), the social control theory is aligned to policies that are designed to establish and maintain stronger bonds between an individual and the society as strategies to reduce crime. Some major aspects of the social theories will entail identifying the important elements that maintain the relationship with society. Locating the institutions and the persons with criminal behavior follow, and thus, these institutions are mandated with a social rehabilitation role where they should help inmate transition back to society. Social Learning Theory This theory explains why individuals first engage in crime and why they choose to escalate or deescalate their criminal actions and total criminal involvement. This theory depicts why persons are involved in crime instead of only choosing to conform to the requirements of society. According to Akers (2017), the strength of criminal behavior is a result of the amount and the frequency of its reinforcement in relation to an individual’s behavior. The underlying assumption of this theory is that it highlights the same learning process in the social structure that provides the environment for crime. Generally, the probability ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Running Head: SOLUTION PROPOSAL

Solution Proposal
Southern New Hampshire University
February 23, 2019

1

SOLUTION PROPOSAL

2

Table of Contents
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................... 3
Theories and Methods ................................................................................................................................... 3
Foundation Criminology Theories ............................................................................................................ 3
The Social Control Theory .................................................................................................................... 3
Social Learning Theory......................................................................................................................... 4
Connections Between the Theories ....................................................................................................... 4
Transformative Mediation ........................................................................................................................ 5
Effective Communication ......................................................................................................................... 5
Literature Review.......................................................................................................................................... 6
Data Analysis ............................................................................................................................................ 6
Research .................................................................................................................................................... 6
Root Causes .............................................................................................................................................. 7
Proposal ........................................................................................................................................................ 7
Solution ..................................................................................................................................................... 7
Steps for implementation....................................................................................................................... 8
Leadership............................................................................................................................................. 9
Defense ................................................................................................................................................... 10
Communication Plan................................................................................................................................... 11
References ................................................................................................................................................... 13
Appendix ..................................................................................................................................................... 14

SOLUTION PROPOSAL

3
Introduction

A criminal justice system involves the procedures, laws, and institutions that are
embedded within a society and are used to respond to crime. The criminal justice system entails
an ever-changing set of policies, rules, and procedures that highlight large scale enormity and
complexity. This paper will explore problems resulting from institutions and the criminal system
in the United States involving the prison industrial complex and the management of prisons. In
recent times, these institutions have been pledged with a profit maximization driven motive as
they have taken advantage of incarceration. Many of these institutions have private affiliations,
and thus, they have majorly been business-oriented hence overrule the primary principle of
prisons to carry out justice rather than making a profit. Most of these institutions experience high
rates of overcrowding, mishandling of inmates, and generally poor living conditions that the
inmates are exposed to. These institutions have immense power over inmates and often fail to
provide adequate rehabilitation in molding and to prepare inmates for life after they transit back
to society.

Theories and Methods
Foundation Criminology Theories
The Social Control Theory
Through socialization, individuals are able to conform to the rules of society, and these
ties are maintained by rehabilitation institutions and people who have closer ties with the
perpetrators of crime. Basically, crime is a result of broken bonds between the individual and
society. In addition, as these bonds grow and strengthen, the costs of crime to these specific
individuals increase as well. The social co...

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