1. Sayings about the weather, such as “red sky at morning, sailor take warning; red sky at night,
sailor's delight” are based on the scientific method.
2. Carbon dioxide is a naturally occurring component of the atmosphere.
3. The most abundant gases in Earth's atmosphere by volume are
a. carbon dioxide and nitrogen.
b. oxygen and water vapor.
c. nitrogen and oxygen.
d. oxygen and helium.
e. oxygen and ozone.
4. Storms rank in size from largest to smallest, as follows: middle-latitude cyclonic storm,
hurricane, thunderstorm, tornado.
5. Earth's atmosphere is divided into named layers based on the vertical profile of
a. air pressure.
b. air temperature.
c. air density.
d. wind speed.
e. chemical composition.
6. Almost all of Earth's weather occurs in the
7. Heat is transferred in Earth's atmosphere by radiation.
8. In the atmosphere, advection is horizontal, convection is vertical.
9. Energy of motion is also known as
a. dynamic energy.
b. kinetic energy
c. sensible heat energy.
d. static energy.
e. latent heat energy.
10. The heat energy released when water vapor changes to a liquid is called
a. specific heat of evaporation.
b. latent heat of fusion.
c. latent heat of fission.
d. latent heat of condensation.
e. specific heat of condensation.
11. The processes of condensation and freezing
a. both release sensible heat into the environment.
b. both absorb sensible heat from the environment.
c. do not affect the temperature of their surroundings.
d. do not involve energy transport.
e. are both negative processes.
12. What determines the type (wavelength) and amount of radiation that an object emits?
b. thermal conductivity
d. latent heat
e. specific heat
13. Often before sunrise on a clear, calm, cold morning, ice (frost) can be seen on the tops of
parked cars, even when the air temperature is above freezing because the tops of cars are cooling
by a loss of
c. latent heat.
25. In the northern hemisphere, a solar panel should be placed on the side of the roof facing
26. If the amount of water vapor in a descending atmospheric air parcel remains constant, the
specific humidity also remains constant.
27. The dew point temperature is a measure of the total amount of water vapor in the air.
28. Comparing the three phases of water, molecules in the solid phase (ice) have the highest
vibrational speed, and molecules in the gaseous phase (water vapor) have the slowest vibrational
29. Under saturated conditions, for every molecule that evaporates, one must condense, and no
net loss of liquid or vapor molecules results.
and the speed of the water vapor
30. Condensation is most likely to happen when air
a. remains the same temperature; decreases
b. cools: increases
c. cools; decreases
d. warms; increases
e. warms; decreases
31. At a mid-level of 10,000 feet, clouds consisting of liquid water and ice crystals are found.
e. cold, windy afternoon.
20. In a hilly region, the best place to plant crops that are sensitive to low temperatures is
a. on the valley floor.
b. along the hillsides.
c. on the top of the highest hill.
d. in any dry location.
e. near streams and rivers.
21. At what time during a 24-hour day would a radiation temperature inversion best be
a. at sunset
b. near sunrise
c. toward the end of the morning
d. bet een 3 and 5 p.m. when the air temperature reaches a maximu
e. at noon
22. Ideal conditions for a strong radiation inversion are a
a. clear, calm, dry, winter night.
b. clear, calm, moist, summer night.
c. cloudy, calm, moist, winter night.
d. cloudy, windy, moist, summer night.
e. clear, windy, dry, summer night.
23.. Over Earth as a whole, one would expect to observe the smallest variation in temperature
from day to day and from month to month
a. at the North Pole.
b. in the center of a large land mass.
c. along the Pacific coast of North America.
d. high in the mountains in the middle of a continent.
e. on a small island near the equator.
24. On the summer solstice, the highest position of the noonday Sun is located
a. near the North Pole.
b. in the mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere.
c. in the mid-latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere.
d. near the South Pole.
e. near the equator.
14. Clouds form by the process of
15. The total amount of energy stored in an object is called
a. potential energy
b. kinetic energy.
16. Which gases are primarily responsible for the atmospheric greenhouse effect in Earth's
a. oxygen and nitrogen
b. nitrogen and carbon dioxide
c. ozone and oxygen
d. water vapor and carbon dioxide
e. nitrous oxide and chlorofluorocarbons.
17. In the Northern Hemisphere, summers are warmer than winters, even though Earth is actually
closer to the Sun in January.
18. Our seasons are caused by
a. the amount of cloud cover during the different parts of the year.
b. the angle at which sunlight reaches Earth.
c. the proximity to the poles.
d. the constellation of Earth, Sun, and Moon.
e. differences in altitude.
19. During the afternoon, the greatest temperature difference between surface air and the air
several meters above occurs on a
a. clear, calm afternoon.
b. clear, windy afternoon.
c. cloudy, calm afternoon.
d. cloudy, windy afternoon.
Purchase answer to see full