Science
Prince George's Community College Short Term Regulation of Blood Pressure Paper

Prince George's Community College

Question Description

I’m studying for my Health & Medical class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

essay: short term blood pression . baroreceptors. talk about the regulation by cardio-center and vascular center

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Final Answer

Attached.

Short-term Regulation of Blood Pressure - Outline
Thesis statement: Blood pressure is used to measure how well the cardiovascular system is
functioning. It is a measure of the forces that are within the cardio-vascular center during the
pumping of the blood from the heart.
I. Baroreceptors function
A. Cardiac output
B. Vasodilation
II. Short term blood regulation
A. Chemical vasodilation
B. Chemical vasoconstriction
III. Diseases caused by blood pressure
A. Hypertension
B. Hypotension


Running head: SHORT-TERM REGULLATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE

Short-term regulation of Blood Pressure
Name
Institution

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SHORT-TERM REGULLATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE

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Short-term Regulation of Blood Pressure
Blood pressure is used to measure how well the cardiovascular system is functioning.
It is a measure of the forces that are within the cardio-vascular center during the pumping of
the blood from the heart. Blood pressure is vital in our body as it helps give our body organs
enough nutrients and blood they need (Dalvi et al., 2020). The high blood pressure causes
damage to the blood vessels. It is, therefore, important that our bodies maintain healthy blood
pressure at all times. In this paper, we will look at the short-term blood pressure control, and
some of the problems likely to experience when the blood pressure control is lost. Blood
pressure can be manually measured using a stethoscope or an automated blood pressure
monitor. There is the systolic- heart pressure during contraction, and the diastolic pressureheart pressure immediately after one contraction.
The cardiovascular center plays a crucial role in maintaining the body through
nutrients and hormone transportation. Dalvi et al. (2020), says that it also does a primary role
in the removal of waste products from the body organs. The cardiovascular center forms an
integral part of the ANS and its role in regulating cardiac input. The cardiovascular center is
part of the brain and is located in the medulla oblongata. It is made up of three main
components that are: vasomotor center, cardio-accelerator center and the cardio-inhibitor
center,. The cardioinhibitory center is responsible for slowing down the cardiac function. It
does so by rising the volume of the stroke and the heart rate by parasympathetic stimulation.
The vasomotor center, on the other hand, controls the contractions of smooth muscles
in the tunica media. It also controls vessel tone that, in turn, affects the flow and pressure of
blood, thus affecting cardiac output. The cardio accelerator center component, according to
Williamson et al. (2016), stimulates cardiac activity by controlling the volume and heartrate
of a stroke by sympathetic stimulation. This is achieved from the cardiac nerve accelerator.

SHORT-TERM REGULLATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE

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The cardiovascular center is known to respond to various stimuli. Williamson et al. (2016),
notes that chemoreceptors detect changes in the pH (acidity as a result of the accumulation of
carbon dioxide within the tissues when exercising), or hormones such as norepinephrine and
epinephrine.
The nervous system does short-term blood pressure control. In the arch of the carotid
sinus and aorta, there are baroreceptors which detect any changes in the blood pressure. The
baroreceptors relay sinuses to the cardiovascular center to regulate the blood pressure. When
the pressure is raised in the a...

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Duke University

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