Running Head: ACIDOSIS AND ALKALOSIS
Respiratory and Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis
ACIDOSIS AND ALKALOSIS
Acidosis and alkalosis are conditions that develop due to the inability of the body to
balance the blood pH that can be due to the production of excess alkali or acid. In most cases, the
imbalance happens as a result of an underlying condition. The body functions effectively when
the pH is between 7.35 and 7.45. This means that the body must have a way of eliminating the
excess acidity or alkalinity to ensure balance. The lungs and kidneys play this role.
This is a condition where the lungs fail to excrete the carbon dioxide the body produces,
leading to increased blood acidity. It occurs when the acidity level falls below 7.35 (Effros &
Respiratory acidosis can be acute, where carbon dioxide builds up at a faster rate before
the kidneys return the pH to balance. This can be life-threatening if symptoms are not treated on
time. Chronic respiratory acidosis develops slowly since the kidneys can produce more
bicarbonate to help deal with the acidity.
The main cause of this condition is due to ventilator failure due to an underlying
condition. This could include asthma or COPD that affects the airways. It can also be due to
damaged/inflamed lung tissues due to pulmonary fibrosis, amo...
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