University of Nairobi Yarmukian Figurines Archaeology essay


University of Nairobi

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Yarmukian figurines. Yosef Garfinkel wrote a.lot about this topic. knowing that is archeology class . so please write omst of the sourses from Yosef Garfinkel

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Yarmukian Figurines

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Yarmukian Figurines
The first Yarmukian village was established in the 1930s at Tel Megiddo base but it was
not accepted as a separate Neolithic community. The related findings were identified as
Chalcolithic along with many other artifacts in the paper. The most distinctive characteristics of
this resource community, which was for the Yarmukian "fossil directors": pottery painted with
incised herring-bone pattern; sickle blades with coarse denticulation; a rich collection of art
artifacts, including a significant number of graphical anthropomorphic pebble figurines. After a
score of years of complete isolation, the Yarmukian society has once again gained scholarly
study from the mid-1980's onward. In Israel, Sha'ar Hagolan's location was re-excavated, and
traces of Yarmukian were discovered in the Nahal Qanah Cave (Garfinkel, Ben –Shlomo and
Korn, 2010). A final study of different find groups from the Munhata site was carried out
recently: flint, pottery, stone tools, and items of art. Such traces however have little in common
with the material history of Yarmuk. The earliest remains in Tell Wadi Feinan are close to those
identified at present. The rapid collection of fresh knowledge from recent excavations and the
publishing of Munhata resources also contributed to new perspectives in understanding the
Yarmukian Culture (Garfinkel, 1993). The Yarmukian figurines will be discussed in this paper
relying mostly on works by Garfinkel.
According to Garfinkel, (1993), excavations were carried out at Sha'ar Hagolan,
Habashan Lane, Munhata and Hamadiya, producing primarily pits, in which sherds of pottery,
flint pieces and artifacts of art were contained. No strong signs have been identified of the
design. Such data provided the general idea that the inhabitants of Yarmuk were semi-nomadic
and pastoralist, using the sites only part of the time. They had been suggested to live in
subterranean pits and rounded huts made of perishable materials. Aside from the...

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