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Florida National University Infectious Disease HIV AIDS Case Study

Florida National University

Question Description

I’m trying to learn for my Nursing class and I’m stuck. Can you help?


  1. Go to and review the site. Pay close attention to ADAP, Administration, Clinical Resources, Patient Care, PrEP and PEP, Prevention and Surveillance.

(If you are not from Florida, please go to your corresponding State Health Department HIV/AIDS section)

  1. Research what resources are available in your community for HIV prevention and education, HIV treatment including mental health, Case Management, Sex education, Pre exposure prophylaxis and post exposure prophylaxis. Pre-natal care for HIV positive pregnant women.
  2. Choose one of the following cases to discuss, below you will find the suggested discussion points.

Case 1:

John is 15 years old and gang affiliated. He has been in and out of the same juvenile facility several times in the past two years for drug-related offenses, and an assault. His current sentence from juvenile court is one year. Shortly after the start of his sentence, Raoul asks if he can speak with someone about HIV/AIDS. He says on the street he used marijuana and alcohol, but no other drugs. He says he is worried about HIV transmission from tattooing: “I heard that you can get AIDS and other diseases from tattoos, especially tattoos in prison. So I want to know if that’s true or not. I got my first tattoo the last time I was here [in the juvenile detention facility] from a friend of mine who is an artist.” When asked about his family and home life, Raoul says his girlfriend recently told him that she is pregnant.

Suggested discussion points:

– HIV/AIDS education in your community, including safer sex, tattooing, and other transmission risks.

– HIV/AIDS pre-test and post-test counseling resources, pre exposure prophylaxis and post exposure prophylaxis in the community.

– Hepatitis education, Hepatitis A and B vaccination in your community.

– Peer-based programs in the community.

– Family planning education and community-based resources, including prenatal care.

Case 2:

Claire is 46 years old healthy single female. She is coming for her yearly physical exam. She says she has four of five sexual partners per year and not always uses protection during sex. She states that she does not use drugs, but the intake medical assistant notices that her lips are cracked and burned, and suspects that Claire may recently have been smoking crack cocaine. Claire says that her boyfriend told her not to get tested for HIV.

Suggested discussion points:

– Detoxification, medical monitoring in the community

– HIV/AIDS education, risk assessment, pre exposure prophylaxis and post exposure prophylaxis in the community.

– Peer-based programs in the community.

– HIV/AIDS counseling and testing resources, including community-based anonymous or confidential services.

– Substance abuse treatment resources.

– Family/relationship counseling resources.

– Hepatitis education: Hepatitis A and B vaccination

The presentation must be in APA format with a minimum of 1000 words (excluding first and references page) with a minimum of 4 evidence-based references using the required Arial 12 font. Follow the APA example paper under announcements. Make sure references are used according to APA guidelines and electronic references must be from reliable sources such as CDC.

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Final Answer

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Infectious Disease
March 25, 2020



Infectious Disease: HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS is a disease that weakens the body immunity and leaves the individual
vulnerable to opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis (Eramova, Matic, & Munz,
2007). The disease is extremely life-threatening because it has no cure. Therefore,
people should take the necessary measures to prevent and curb it. There is a dire need
for all community members to participate in the reduction of HIV transmission while at
the same time minimizing its predicaments on those living with it. It is a collective
responsibility to ensure that the community remains healthy and contribute to nationbuilding. For this essay, my focus will be on the second case about Claire.
Detoxification and Substance abuse Treatment Resources
Claire claimed that she was not using drugs, but she had signs of smoking crack
cocaine. Due to similar cases in the community, the community has various facilities
that can be used to monitor and treat people addicted to substance abuse. Research
shows that substance abusers are at a high risk of contracting or transmitting HIV due
to their reckless behavior when under the influence of drugs (Mignon, 2014). The
community has been able to detoxify members abusing drugs and therefore reduce the
chances of HIV transmission. Rehabilitation centers have also been established in the
community to deal with the extreme cases of substance abuse and deter the
transmission of HIV and other STDs.
HIV Education and Risk Assessment
HIV education and risk assessment are very vital in the prevention of new HIV
infections and reduction in the adverse effects of the disea...

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Duke University

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