Humanities
Santa Monica College The Uses of Sorrow and One Art Poems Worksheet

Santa Monica College

Question Description

I need help with a Poetry question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

I attached two pages of poetry here, and I want you fill out the papers regarding to the essay and two poetry pages

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Worksheet: Elizabeth Bishop’s Poem-“One Art.” Directions: Read Elizabeth Bishop’s poem and complete this worksheet that will help you analyze and interpret the meaning of the poem by examining how the poet uses various poetic tools. Kirszner and Mandell explain, “When you interpret a literary work [like a poem], you explore its possible meanings” (p.9). Provide specific evidence from the poem. Write down the evidence from the poem Paraphrase in 2 sentences the meaning of the poem. For example: Elizabeth Bishop’s poem is about………etc. Title: Is the title appropriate to the subject? Voice: (Chpt. 25). Who is the speaker? How does who the speaker is affect your interpretation of the poem? What is the speaker’s attitude or tone toward the event(s) that he or she experiences? How would you describe the speaker’s tone and how is this related to the theme? Word Choice, Word Order: (Chpt. 26). What words in the poems are unclear to you? . Are the words used denotatively or connotatively or both? Explain. How are words used to convey the attitude toward their loss? Words express moods and ideas. Is the language like everyday conversation? Why? How may this also convey a theme? Do words repeat? Why? Poets choose words not only to express their ideas but also sound. Are words concrete or abstract (intangible ideas). Why? Imagery: (Chpt. 27). -- Words may be used to suggest sight, smell, touch, taste, sound—What do these words suggest? How do the images the words suggest help create meaning and the mood of the poem? Do images repeat? Why? Think about why the poet might have chosen them. What visible objects and experiences are in the poem? How are they described? What do the images suggest about the speaker’s attitude toward loss? Figures of Speech: (Chpt. 28). Are figures of speech used to achieve effects beyond the power of denotative meaning? How do figures of speech contribute to the theme of the poem? Does the poet use simile, metaphor, personification? What two elements are being compared in each use of simile and/or metaphor? [A paraphrase is useful in the introduction of the essay] Sound: (Chpt. 29). Rhythm occurs when there is a recurrence of sounds. Meter –the recurrence of regular units of stressed and unstressed syllables also creates sound. What is the most dominant meter in the poem? Is it iambic? Is it Trochee? How and why is this used to create the theme? What is the dominant metical pattern found in the poem? (p.874-875). How and why is this used? What significance is this to interpreting the poem? How many feet per line? How does this affect the sound and how does it contribute to the theme? Does the poet use alliteration, assonance, and/or onomatopoeia to create sound? How do they affect the meaning of the poem? Form: (Chpt.30). What is the poem’s structure or shape, the way its rhyme, meter, and stanza pattern fit together to form the poem? How does the format add to the meaning of the poem? Is the poem open form? Why? Or is this a closed form? Why? (p.896). Villanelle format: p.910: Is “One Art” a villanelle poem? Is the poem’s form consistent with its subject matter, tone and theme? Symbol, Allegory, Allusion, Myth: (Chpt. 31). What symbols/ words are meant to convey a larger meaning? What is the literal (denotative meaning) and the literally (connotative meaning? “A symbol is an image that transcends its literal or denotative meaning in a complex way” (p.935). What is the central symbol in the poem? Are there Universal symbols? Conventional? Allusions? Allegory? 1 ``Worksheet: Understanding Mary Oliver’s Poem, “The Uses of Sorrow.” Directions: Read Mary Oliver’s poem and complete this worksheet that will help you analyze how the different literary tools are used to support the theme. Kirszner and Mandell explain “Moreover, poets may approach the same subject [theme] in drastically different ways, emphasizing different [literary] elements as they view the subject matter from their own unique perspectives”(964). Complete this worksheet and include specific evidence from the poem to support how the tool/technique is used to support the theme. The evidence should be a quote. Refer to the handout: “How to Cite Lines from a Poem.” Literary Devices Paraphrase in 2 sentences the meaning of the poem. For example: Mary Oliver’s poem is about………etc. Cite this. ( ). Voice. (Chpt. 25) Who is the speaker? How does who the speaker is affect your interpretation of the poem? What is the speaker’s attitude or tone toward the topic of loss that he or she experiences? How would you describe the speaker’s tone and how is this related to the theme? Word Choice, Word Order (Chpt. 26): What words in the poems are unclear to you? Are the words used denotatively or connotatively? How are words used to convey the attitude toward their loss? Words express moods and ideas. What words repeat? Why? Word order: Are there words arranged in unexpected order? What would this suggest? Does this emphasize something? Imagery—(Chpt. 27) Words may be used to suggest sight, smell, touch, taste, sound—What do these words suggest? How do the images the words suggest help create meaning and the mood of the poem? Do images repeat? Why? Think about why the poet might have chosen them. What visible objects and experiences are in the poem? How are they described? What do the images suggest about the speaker’s attitude toward loss? Figures of Speech (Chpt. 28). Are figures of speech used to achieve effects beyond the power of denotative meaning? How do figures of speech contribute to the theme of the poem? Does the poet use simile, metaphor, personification? What two elements are being compared in each use of simile and/or metaphor? “The Uses of Sorrow” Mary Oliver Include Evidence from the poem. (A paraphrase is useful in the introduction of the essay) 2 Sound: (Chpt. 29). Rhythm occurs when there is a recurrence of sounds. Meter –the recurrence of regular units of stressed and unstressed syllables also creates sound. Is it iambic? Is it Trochee? How and why is this used to create the theme? What is the dominant metical pattern found in the poem? (p.874-875). How and why is this used? What significance is this to interpreting the poem? How many feet per line? How does this affect the sound and how does it contribute to the theme? Does the poet use alliteration, assonance, and/or onomatopoeia to create sound? How do they affect the meaning of the poem? Form: (Chpt.30). What is the poem’s structure or shape, the way its rhyme, meter, and stanza pattern fit together to form the poem? How does the format add to the meaning of the poem? Is the poem open form? Why? Or is this a closed form? Why? (p.896). Is the poem’s form consistent with its subject matter, tone and theme? Why does the poet choose open or closed form? If the poem is open form, what determines the breaks at the end of the lines? Symbol, Allegory, Allusion, Myth: (Chpt. 31). What symbols/ words are meant to convey a larger meaning? What is the literal (denotative meaning) and the literally (connotative meaning? “A symbol is an image that transcends its literal or denotative meaning in a complex way” (p.935). What is the central symbol in the poem? Are there Universal symbols? Conventional? Allusions? Allegory? ...
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Final Answer

Attached is the complete work. Let me know if you may require any corrections or clarification. Goodbye

1
Worksheet: Elizabeth Bishop’s Poem-“One Art.”
Directions: Read Elizabeth Bishop’s poem and complete this worksheet that will help you analyze and interpret the meaning of the
poem by examining how the poet uses various poetic tools. Kirszner and Mandell explain, “When you interpret a literary work [like a
poem], you explore its possible meanings” (p.9). Provide specific evidence from the poem.

Paraphrase in 2 sentences the
meaning of the poem. For example:
Elizabeth Bishop’s poem is
about………etc.
Title: Is the title appropriate to the
subject?

Write down the evidence from the poem
Bishop’s poem majors on the theme of loss as the speaker talks of her encounters
with loss and how she deals with it. The speaker uses this poem as an account of
things she lost over time, from house keys to losing a loved one.
The title is very effective as the entire purpose of this poem is encompassed in
those two words as she tries to create the impression of loss as an art.

Voice: (Chpt. 25). Who is the
speaker? How does who the speaker is
affect your interpretation of the poem?
What is the speaker’s attitude or tone
toward the event(s) that he or she
experiences? How would you
describe the speaker’s tone and how is
this related to the theme?

The speaker of this poem is the author, Elizabeth Bishop. The fact that
Bishop takes up the role o f the speaker helps us relate to the emotions
and thoughts she was experiencing as she wrote the poem. The speaker
exhibits a positive attitude and uses a reassuring tone as she reassures
the reader that overcoming loss is possible. This is seen when she
repeatedly states that ‘The art of losing isn’t hard to master.’

Word Choice, Word Order: (Chpt.
26). What words in the poems are
unclear to you? . Are the words used
denotatively or connotatively or both?
Explain. How are words used to
convey the attitude toward their loss?
Words express moods and ideas. Is the
language like everyday conversation?
Why? How may this also convey a
theme? Do words repeat? Why? Poets
choose words not only to express their
ideas but also sound. Are words
concrete or abstract (intangible ideas).
Why?

The speaker adopts the use of simple grammar and flow of words which make the
poem easy to read and comprehend as all words are clear and easy-to-understand.
Words are used denotatively as they provide the main or literal meaning of things.
Most words are absent to emotion as they are used to give a literal and clear
definition. For instance, the speaker says, “Then practice losing further, losing
faster: places and name.”
Some of the words used in the poem show a nostalgic attitude towards the
speaker’s loss. For instance, she says, “the joking voice, a gesture I love,” which
shows a fond memory of a loved one.
The language used in the poem is not similar to everyday conversation. Despite the
denotative use of words, the use of various rhetorical devices makes the language
different from everyday conversation.
Words also repeat in the poem. The speaker mentions the phrase ‘The art of losing
isn't hard to master' several times in the poem. The repeat of words is usually done
to place emphasis. The words used are concrete and the ideas expressed are easily
identified.
The speaker uses imagery when she says, “the joking voice,” as she intends to help
the reader get a clear depiction of the voice of the loved by arousing our sense of
hearing.
The use of the word ‘joking...

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