Health Medical
PUB 540 New York University Week 5 Study Design Comparison Worksheet

PUB 540

New York University

PUB

Question Description

I need help with a Health & Medical question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

IMPORTANT NOTE REGARDING WORD LIMIT REQUIREMENTS:

Please note that each and every assignment has its own word limit.

A premise of epidemiology is that health outcomes are not random occurrences within a population, but are linked to particular risk factors and diseases. Epidemiologists utilize a range of study design methods to evaluate evidence-based associations to understand and improve health outcomes. Use the specific Excel worksheets, located in the "Excel Study Design Workbook,” to complete this assignment.

Part 1: Study Design Comparison

Using the "Study Design Comparison Worksheet," compare and contrast the characteristics of the different types of study design types discussed in this course. You will be able to use this as a reference throughout the program.

Part 2: Article Comparison

Consider an area of interest that you want to explore as a potential topic for your Epidemiological Profile project. Search for two articles that fit any two of the four study designs (randomized trial, cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional) pertaining to the interest area you chose. Review the articles provided in the "Study Design Resource Document" to practice identifying articles for each study design. (Do not use the actual articles listed in the "Study Design Resource Document" for this assignment.) Complete the "Article Comparison Worksheet" to compare the study design characteristics in each of your two articles. Include details of any gaps in the characteristics or identify if information is missing.

General Requirements

Upon completion of both worksheets, submit the "Excel Study Design Workbook."

You are required to cite at least FOUR sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the discussion question criteria and public health content.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is not required.

While APA style is required, solid academic writing is expected as well, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

PLEASE make sure APA citation and permalink for articles are complete and correct.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

PLEASE add the links/sites below to the reference list if you use any of these readings and make sure everything is in proper APA format.

https://apastyle.apa.org/learn/quick-guide-on-refe...

Read Chapter 10 in Gordis Epidemiology.

URL:

https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/elsevier/2019/gordis-epidemiology_6e.php



View "Cohort and Case Control Studies," by Martin (2013), located on the YouTube website.

URL:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J3GHTYa-gZg



Read "Introduction to Study Designs - Cross-Sectional Studies," located on the Health Knowledge website.

URL:

https://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/e-learning/epidemiology/practitioners/introduction-study-design-css



Read "Cross-Sectional Studies," from ERIC Notebook (2012), located on the Gillings School of Global Public Health -University of North Carolina website.

URL:

https://sph.unc.edu/files/2015/07/nciph_ERIC8.pdf



Read "Section 7: Analytic Epidemiology," from Lesson 1 of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) self-study course, Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice: An Introduction to Applied Epidemiology and Biostatistics (2012), located on the CDC website.

URL:

https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/lesson1/section7.html



MUST have at least 4 citations with the page numbers and 4 references in APA format.(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.)

Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class

To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.

REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Course Code PUB-540 Class Code PUB-540-O500 Criteria Criteria Percentage 100.0% Study Comparison: Study Design and Methods Assessment 15.0% Study Comparison: Strengths and Weaknesses 15.0% Article Comparison: Study Design and Methods Assessment 20.0% Article Comparison: Strengths, Weaknesses, and Primary Findings 20.0% Thesis Development and Purpose 7.0% Argument Logic and Construction 8.0% Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) 5.0% Paper Format (use of appropriate style for the major and assignment) 5.0% Documentation of Sources (citations, footnotes, references, bibliography, etc., as appropriate to assignment and style) 5.0% Total Weightage 100% Assignment Title Effectiveness of Studies Used in Epidemiology Unsatisfactory (0.00%) Assessment of the design type, participant selection, observation type, data sources, and measures of association is not stated. The major strengths and weaknesses are not stated. Information on participant selection and number, follow-up, data sources, measures, and control for bias and confounding is not presented for any of the articles. A description of the strengths, weaknesses, and primary findings is not presented for any of the articles. Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Statement of purpose is not justified by the conclusion. The conclusion does not support the claim made. Argument is incoherent and uses noncredible sources. Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice or sentence construction is used. Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Sources are not documented. Total Points 120.0 Less than Satisfactory (74.00%) An incomplete assessment of the design type, participant selection, observation type, data sources, and measures of association is presented. The assessment is missing key components. A summary of the major strengths and weaknesses is presented. The summary is incomplete or contains major inaccuracies. Information on participant selection and number, follow-up, data sources, measures, and control for bias and confounding is presented for one of the articles but is incomplete or contains major inaccuracies. A description of the strengths, weaknesses, and primary findings is presented for one of the articles but is incomplete or contains major inaccuracies. Thesis is insufficiently developed or vague. Purpose is not clear. Sufficient justification of claims is lacking. Argument lacks consistent unity. There are obvious flaws in the logic. Some sources have questionable credibility. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register) or word choice are present. Sentence structure is correct but not varied. Appropriate template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken. A lack of control with formatting is apparent. Documentation of sources is inconsistent or incorrect, as appropriate to assignment and style, with numerous formatting errors. Satisfactory (79.00%) Assessment of the design type, participant selection, observation type, data sources, and measures of association is described. Major details are lacking or are inaccurate. A description of the major strengths and weaknesses of each study is generally described. More detail is required to fully present the strengths and weaknesses. There are some inaccuracies. Information on participant selection and number, follow-up, data sources, measures, and control for bias and confounding is identified for each article but is incomplete or inaccurate. A description of the strengths, weaknesses, and primary findings is presented for each of the articles but incomplete or inaccurate. Thesis is apparent and appropriate to purpose. Argument is orderly, but may have a few inconsistencies. The argument presents minimal justification of claims. Argument logically, but not thoroughly, supports the purpose. Sources used are credible. Introduction and conclusion bracket the thesis. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but they are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct and varied sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are employed. Appropriate template is used. Formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, although some formatting errors may be present. Good (87.00%) Assessment of the design type, participant selection, observation type, data sources, and measures of association is described and most details are accurate. A description of the major strengths and weaknesses of each study is described. Some detail is required for clarity. Information on participant selection and number, follow-up, data sources, measures, and control for bias and confounding is presented for each article. Details are mostly accurate. A description of the strengths, weaknesses, and primary findings is presented for each of the articles and is mostly accurate. Thesis is clear and forecasts the development of the paper. Thesis is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Argument shows logical progressions. Techniques of argumentation are evident. There is a smooth progression of claims from introduction to conclusion. Most sources are authoritative. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. The writer uses a variety of effective sentence structures and figures of speech. Appropriate template is fully used. There are virtually no errors in formatting style. Sources are documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is mostly correct. Excellent (100.00%) Assessment of the design type, participant selection, observation type, data sources, and measures of association is described in detail. Discussion is very clear and accurate for each study design. A detailed description of the major strengths and weaknesses of each study is well presented. Information is thoroughly presented that provides insight into how the strengths and weaknesses are associated with each study design. Information on participant selection and number, follow-up, data sources, measures, and control for bias and confounding is clearly identified and stated for each article. Details are accurate and a thorough explanation is provided. A description of the strengths, weaknesses, and primary findings is presented and accurate for each study type. Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear. Clear and convincing argument that presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative. Comments Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. All format elements are correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. Points Earned Study Design Resource Document Randomized Trial Study Examples 1. Monti PM, Barnett NP, Colby, SM, et al. (2007) Motivational interviewing versus feedback only in emergency care for young adult problem drinking. http://www.coping.us/images/Monti_et_al_2007_Alcohol_Motiv_Interview.pdf 2. Sinharoy SS, Schmidt WP, Wendt R, et al. (2017) Effect of community health clubs on child diarrhea in western Rwanda: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. http://www.thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/langlo/PIIS2214-109X(17)30217-6.pdf 3. Tham CK, Collins JSA, Malloy C, Sloan JM, Bamfoard KB, Watson RGP. (1996) Randomized controlled trial of ranitidine versus omeprazole in combination with antibiotics for eradication of Helicobacter pylori. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nihgov.lopes.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC2448584/pdf/ulstermedj00066-0035.pdf Cohort Study Examples 1. Allison M, Garland C, Chlebowski R, et al. (2006) The association between aspirin use and the incidence of colorectal cancer in women. https://academic.oup.com/aje/article/164/6/567/129968/The-Association-betweenAspirin-Use-and-the 2. Bazzano LA, He J, Ogden LG, et al. (2002) Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults: the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/76/1/93.long 3. Sesso HD, Buring JE, Rifai N. (2003) C-Reactive protein and the risk of developing hypertension. http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/197807 Case-Control Study Examples 1. Carton M, Barul C, Menvielle G, et al. (2017) Occupational exposure to solvents and risk of head and neck cancer in women: a population-based case-control study in France. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/1/e012833 2. Davila JA, Morgan RO, Shaib Y, McGlynn KA, El-Serag HB. (2005) Diabetes increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in the United Sates: a population based case control study. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nihgov.lopes.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC1774454/ 3. Cramer DW, Vitonis VF, Terry KL, Welch WR, Titus LJ. (2016) The association between talc use and ovarian cancer: a retrospective case-control study in two US states. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4820665/ Cross-Sectional Study Examples 1. Nilsen P, Holmqvist M, Nordqvist C, Bendsten P. (2007) Linking drinking to injury – a causal attribution of injury to alcohol intake among patients in a Swedish emergency room. http://www.tandfonline.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/doi/abs/10.1080/17457300701374759 2. Johnson JV, Hall EM. (1988) Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: a cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nihgov.lopes.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC1349434/ 3. Elliott AM, Luo N, Tembo, G, et al. (1990) Impact of HIV on tuberculosis in Zambia: a cross sectional study. http://search.proquest.com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/docview/1776431657?accountid=7374 2 PUB 540 - Study Design Comparison Worksheet Randomized Trial Type: Descriptive or Analytic Participant selection criteria (by exposure status, outcome status, randomized, or other) Observation type (Prospective, retrospective, or single time point) Data Sources (primary data, surveys, secondary data, medical records, other) Measures of association (prevalence/odds ratios, incidence/relative risk) Major strengths Major weaknesses (sources of bias, etc.) Cohort Study Case-Control Study Cross-Sectional Study PUB 540 - Article Comparison Worksheet Topic of Interest: Search Terms: Article #1 Author, Year, Title Article importance Study design type How were participants selected or recruited? How many participants? (state the number of cases and controls or exposes and unexposed) If appropriate, how long was the average length of follow-up? What sources of data were used to measure the exposure and outcome(s)? How was the exposure defined or measured? How was the outcome defined or measured? What was the primary measure of association or statistical method used? (relative risk, odds ratio, logistic regression, etc.) How did the authors control for bias and confounding? What were the strengths of the study? What were the weaknesses of the study? What were the primary findings and conclusions? Article #2 ...
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PUB 540 - Study Design Comparison Worksheet
Randomized Trial

Cohort Study

Case-Control Study

Cross-Sectional Study

analytic

descriptive

analytic

descriptive

Type: Descriptive or Analytic

Participant selection criteria (by
exposure status, outcome
status, randomized, or other)
Observation type (Prospective,
retrospective, or single time
point)
Data Sources (primary data,
surveys, secondary data,
medical records, other)
Measures of association
(prevalence/odds ratios,
incidence/relative risk)
Major strengths

Major weaknesses (sources of
bias, etc.)

Randomized

randomized

outcome

exposure status

retrospective

retrospective

prospetive

single time point

medical records

primary data

secondary data

medical records

prevale...

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