Technology in Health Care Discussion

Question Description

I’m studying and need help with a Health & Medical question to help me learn.

Please answer the following Discussion Question. Please be certain to answer the two questions on this week DQ and to provide a well-developed and complete answer to receive credit. Also, please ensure to have read the assigned chapters for the current week.

Case Study, Chapter 19, Technology in Health Care: Opportunities, Limitations, and Challenges

Technology has already dramatically transformed health care, shaping both consumer and provider expectations. With advances in technology, however, have come new opportunities, limitations, and challenges. Technology can cut costs, improve patient outcomes, streamline workflow, and improve information accessibility. It can also be costly, require almost limitless ongoing training, and continually bring about new ethical dilemmas, including the need to assure the “human element” is not lost in patient care. Determining what technology should be developed and how it should be used in an era of limited resources, with vulnerable populations, raises multiple ethical questions.

Faculty at a college of nursing present a seminar for their students on the use of technology in today’s health care system.

1. Describe technology advances that are used in health care today.

2. The nursing faculty concludes the presentation by stating that decisions should be made about what technology can best be used in each individual setting and how it should be used. Describe some points to consider in implementing technology in health care.

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Chapter 19 Technology in Health Care: Opportunities, Limitations, and Challenges Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Pros and Cons of Technology ❖ Pros o Cost cuts o Improved patient outcomes o Streamlined workflow o Improved information accessibility ❖ Cons o Can be costly and require almost limitless training o Continually brings new ethical dilemmas Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Technological Advances Addressed ❖ Biometrics ❖ Point-of-care testing (POCT) ❖ Computerized data access/entry ❖ Electronic health records (EHRs) ❖ Telehealth ❖ Physician/provider computer order entry (PCOE) ❖ Clinical decision support systems ❖ Genetics/genomics Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Select Technology Advances in Health Care ❖ Biomechatronics o Creates machines which replicate or mimic how the body works ❖ Applied biomechatronics o Uses mathematical models to design assistive devices that work with bodily signals ❖ Future biomechatronics examples o Functional simulation of paralyzed limbs, pancreas pacemakers for diabetics, wireless capsule endoscopy, mentally controlled electronic muscle stimulators for patients with brain injuries Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Robotics ❖ Surgical robotics ❖ Robots in diagnostics ❖ Robots as direct care providers o Physical service o Mental service ❖ Robots as couriers o Used for mundane repetitive jobs Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Biometrics ❖ Science of identifying people through physical characteristics o Fingerprints ▪ Most common type used in health care o Handprints o Retinal scans o Voice recognition o Facial structure o Dynamic signatures Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Smart Cards and Smart Objects ❖ Smart cards o Credit card-sized devices with a chip, stored memory, and an operating system that records patient history ❖ Smart objects o Everyday objects injected with easy-to-use software that give devices some degree of intelligence ▪ Caregiver alerting systems ▪ Smart pumps Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Point-of-Care Testing (POCT) ❖ Hospital use o Caregivers gather and test specimens near the patient or at the bedside using handheld analyzers, pulse oximeters, and blood glucose monitoring systems o Results are sent to a central clinical labs o Patients can precisely monitor lab values, submit them electronically to the lab, and have results in minutes Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Bar Code Medication Administration ❖ Ensures the “five rights” of medication administration ❖ Leapfrog Group o Established standards that call for hospitals to implement a bar code medication administration (BCMA) system linked to an electronic medication administration record Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Computing and Communication ❖ Computerized Physician/Provider Order Entry (CPOE) o Clinical software application designed for providers to write patient orders electronically o CPOE also gives providers vital clinical decision support (“CDS”) ❖ Challenges o Cultural obstacles o Cost factor o Variance within the order sets is needed Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Clinical Decision Support and Artificial Intelligence ❖ Clinical decision support o Enhances health-related decisions and actions with pertinent, organized clinical knowledge and patient information to improve health and health care delivery ❖ Artificial intelligence o Common uses o Future uses Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Electronic Communication ❖ Tablet personal computers ❖ Personal digital assistants (PDAs) ❖ Wireless local area networking (WLAN) Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Electronic Health Records ❖ Digital record of a patient’s health history ❖ Made up of records from many locations/sources ❖ Available 24 hours/day, 7 day/week ❖ Built in safeguards to assure patient health information confidentiality and security Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Virtual Care/Telehealth ❖ Remote monitoring technology ❖ Telemedicine ❖ Telenursing ❖ Telecare ❖ Telehomecare ❖ telemanagement ❖ E-health ❖ Telephone care Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Desired Patient Outcome for Telehealth ❖ Patient satisfaction ❖ Increased involvement in health care decision-making ❖ Reduced travel time and expense ❖ Increased time with health care providers ❖ Improved health care ❖ Improved quality of life ❖ Increased medical record data for clinical decision making Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved The Internet ❖ Expanded the power and control of health information from providers alone to patients themselves ❖ Has enormous potential to improve Americans’ health by enhancing communication and improving access to information for patients, providers, administrators, etc. ❖ Resulted in the creation of the “expert patient” ❖ Concerns regarding accuracy and currency of information patients find on the Internet Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Genetics and Genomics ❖ National Human Genome Research Institute (2017) definition o Emerging medical discipline ❖ Involves using genomic information about an individual as part of their clinical care ❖ Will help prevent or treat diseases now considered untreatable ❖ Benefits of genetic testing and ethical questions ❖ Question of privacy of patient data Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved Technology: Worth the Cost? ❖ New medical technology is responsible for 40% to 50% in annual cost increases ❖ Many health care disparities exist based on the ability to pay for technology ❖ Has caused increased demands on the health care system from a growing population of senior citizens ❖ Technology needs constant upgrades and education needed for competency with it ❖ Not all health care providers embrace technology Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved End of Presentation Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer • All Rights Reserved ...
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Final Answer



Technology in Health Care
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In this century, technology has taken over in every sector due to the advantages that it
presents. Various technological advancements have been witnessed in every healthcare sector,
globally. Primarily, as of 2018, through technology, a Super Beat simulator that is used in
cardiac surgeries was developed. It is a bio-mechatronics which has enhan...

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Duke University

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