Humanities
SUNY at Buffalo Psychology of Sex and Gender Questions

State University of New York at Buffalo

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Week 10 CTQ Points 10 Answer ONE of the following questions based on your reading. Write full 3 pages, double spaced. 1. What are the specific categories of sexual orientation discussed in this chapter? Were you familiar with these labels? Do you agree with these labels? Why or why not? What drives the need for labels/categories of sexual orientation? What purpose do these labels serve? OR 2. Which model of sexual identity (phase, milestone, or narrative) offers a more comprehensive understanding of your own sexual identity development? Why? What is the difference, if any, in sexual identity milestones for the various categories? Remember to demonstrate that you read the chapter. Answer these questions detail and grammatically. Must include reference and text citation from the textbook for each answer. Professor wanted to see evidence from the textbook and SHOW/PROVE ME THAT YOU READ THE CHAPTER. The authors (Bosson, Vandello & Buckner, 2018), this citation is not proving that students read the chapters. If u read the chapter, u will see many authors and citation in the textbook. Cite that authors name and write how they are connected/ what they tell/ how they evidence/ what do you think/ to these 3 questions. For example, Look this screenshot. u will see there is a citation (Longman, 2016). Longman mentioned The Nature of Sex and Gender in the textbook. Ur job is u have to prove and show how Longman related this assignment. That is a prove Professor want. ...
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Attached.

Running Head: PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX AND GENDER

Psychology of Sex and Gender
Student’ Name
Institution Affiliation
Date

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PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX AND GENDER

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Psychology of Sex and Gender
What are the other important factors, other than sex, to consider when examining differences
in communication patterns and styles?
Male and female writers use language differently. An analysis of the writings done on men
and women by 566 authors found that there is a significant difference in the sentence structure and
word usage that correctly identifies the user's sex by about 80% accuracy (Koppe, Argamon &
Shimoni, 2002). The author of the book agrees with these sentiments by acknowledging that sex
differences in the written communication, though not obvious, the differences are more about
content and grammar (Bosson, Vandello & Buckner, 2018). The differences are also evident in
their styles of written grammar. For instance, female writers tend to use common prepositions such
as “with” and tend to write them in the present tense compared to male writers who frequently use
quantifying nouns such as “two” and “more” (Bosson, Vandello & Buckner, 2018). In agreement
with these findings, Fallon (2011) notes that female writers use the sentimental style in their
writing (Fallo, 2011). Other factors to consider when examining the difference in communication
styles and patterns are: smiling and eye contact, personal space, and touch, as well as body posture
and gait. According to findings by LaFrance et al. and Dodd et al., it was found that girls and
women tend to smile more often compared to boys and men (LaFrance, Hecht, & Paluck, 2003;
Dodd, Russell, & Jenkins, 1999). These are the same findings brought forward by Jeanne Tsai and
colleagues, noting that the amount of smile that people have is an indicator of their sex differences
(Bosson, Vandello & Buckner, 2018).

PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX AND GENDER

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Why are these factors important?
These factors are important since they convey reach meanings that are used to enhance
communication or relay the message more effectively. Understanding visual dominance helps to
understand how people interact. For instance, the highest amount of mutual eye contact is highly
likely to occur among the pair of women (LaFrance & Vial, 2016). These effects also help to
understand the behavior of people when interacting since the dominant display by men is a sign of
power (Bosson, Vandello & Buckner, 2018). Some of the personal appearances such a having a
baby face feature help to counter stereotyping, which help in advancing high-status position.
What errors do we make when we use only sex as a lens?
When using sex as the only lens, people make various errors that may cause a particular
group to feel uncomfortable or may even upset them. The increasing use of the masculinity terms
to refer to a collective group of both males and females has led to generic masculinity (Bosson,
Vandello & Buckner, 2018). This applies to the use of gendered terms to not only refer to males
but also mixed-sex groups as well as the entire human beings in general. The use of generic
masculinity creates a situation of ambiguousness since it renders women and girls’ invisible. This
argument is consistent with the Whorfian hypothesis, which maintains that generic masculinity
language leads to gender-biased thought among the children and adults (Hyde, 1984; Vainapel,
Shamir, Tenenbaun, & Gilam, 2015). Also, research shows that women who experienced generic
masculinity shows less sense of belonging, have reduced motivation and are less identical to a
specific group or job post as compared to those exposed in the inclusive la...

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