Writing
Illinois Institute of Technology Public Transit or Public Transport Argumentative Essay

Illinois Institute of Technology

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I’m working on a Writing exercise and need support.

Topic: public transit

at least 5 resources

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Replaced by a Robot 1 Ever since the invention of computers, technology has done more and more of the job of the Introduction average worker. From mathematical calculations to mailing lists, computers have become more • Hook efficient, in more areas, than their human colleagues. Although some argue that computers will never replace people, others are concerned about the advanced robotic technology that computers make • Background information possible. Indeed, it is likely that the use of more and better robots will someday result in fewer jobs for • Two arguments However, this should not be seen as a problem. Rather, as technology improves, employers in • Thesis statement (robot ☺) humans. all fields should look to maximize their robotic workforce and minimize human error. 2 Until now, many have argued that robots can only replace humans in certain less-skilled jobs. They might, for example, be able to perform routine tasks on an assembly line. These opponents of a Body 1 mechanized workforce may not be aware that technology has progressed in the areas of decision-making • Counter-argument 1  and creativity. Some robots’ work in these areas is almost equal to that of humans. In fact, some • Rebuttal 1 interactive computers are so well-designed that it will soon be possible to talk with them almost • Argument 1 ☺ endlessly before realizing that they are not human (Loftus). A computer even won the game show • Closing sentence Jeopardy not long ago. These computers are clearly capable of more than simple tasks. Body 2 • Counter-argument 2  • Rebuttal 2 • Argument 2 ☺ • Closing sentence 3 Others argue that, even though computers may someday be able to approximate human behavior, humans will always be able to do the job better. While that may be true for a general-purpose robot, highly-specialized machines can often do specific tasks better than a human being, no matter how well-trained. For example, human lawyers may miss important evidence. This is particularly true when sifting through millions of emails to prosecute crime in so-called “white collar” jobs. Robots, on the other hand, can sort through this information quickly and accurately. In fact, there is now a software program that can detect not just obviously illegal proposals, but also changes in style that can point to suspicious activity. The computer searches for a switch from a formal to an informal tone, or particularly urgent wording. Within seconds, the program can identify the most questionable language and alert investigators (Murray). In this case, human legal experts cannot begin to compete with their electronic colleagues. Body 3 • Counter-argument 3  • Rebuttal 3 • Argument 3 ☺ • Closing sentence Conclusion • Stress your position ☺☺ • Summary of arguments • Recommendation/sugg estion/ prediction 4 Finally, some say that it is morally wrong to replace human beings with robots. They argue that it is unethical to deprive real people of their jobs, merely for the sake of efficiency. If efficiency were the only concern, they might be correct. This argument, however, does not take into account the consequences of human failings in the workplace: In surgery, for example, a doctor's arm may shake. A minimally invasive surgical robot, on the other hand, will always make the right cut (Manjoo). It would be truly immoral for society to be concerned about the doctor's job at the expense of the patient's health. 5 Increasingly, employers will need to decide when and how to replace human workers with computers. This decision is not easy, and a robot will not always be the right answer. However, it is clear that as computers approach human ability to reason, as specialized programs develop, and as robots become more reliable, there will be more circumstances in which replacing a person with a robot is not just the most efficient choice, but the most ethical one. Replaced by a Robot 1 Ever since the invention of computers, technology has done more and more of the job of the Introduction average worker. From mathematical calculations to mailing lists, computers have become more • Hook efficient, in more areas, than their human colleagues. Although some argue that computers will never replace people, others are concerned about the advanced robotic technology that computers make • Background information possible. Indeed, it is likely that the use of more and better robots will someday result in fewer jobs for • Two arguments However, this should not be seen as a problem. Rather, as technology improves, employers in • Thesis statement (robot ☺) humans. all fields should look to maximize their robotic workforce and minimize human error. 2 Until now, many have argued that robots can only replace humans in certain less-skilled jobs. They might, for example, be able to perform routine tasks on an assembly line. These opponents of a Body 1 mechanized workforce may not be aware that technology has progressed in the areas of decision-making • Counter-argument 1  and creativity. Some robots’ work in these areas is almost equal to that of humans. In fact, some • Rebuttal 1 interactive computers are so well-designed that it will soon be possible to talk with them almost • Argument 1 ☺ endlessly before realizing that they are not human (Loftus). A computer even won the game show • Closing sentence Jeopardy not long ago. These computers are clearly capable of more than simple tasks. Body 2 • Counter-argument 2  • Rebuttal 2 • Argument 2 ☺ • Closing sentence 3 Others argue that, even though computers may someday be able to approximate human behavior, humans will always be able to do the job better. While that may be true for a general-purpose robot, highly-specialized machines can often do specific tasks better than a human being, no matter how well-trained. For example, human lawyers may miss important evidence. This is particularly true when sifting through millions of emails to prosecute crime in so-called “white collar” jobs. Robots, on the other hand, can sort through this information quickly and accurately. In fact, there is now a software program that can detect not just obviously illegal proposals, but also changes in style that can point to suspicious activity. The computer searches for a switch from a formal to an informal tone, or particularly urgent wording. Within seconds, the program can identify the most questionable language and alert investigators (Murray). In this case, human legal experts cannot begin to compete with their electronic colleagues. Body 3 • Counter-argument 3  • Rebuttal 3 • Argument 3 ☺ • Closing sentence Conclusion • Stress your position ☺☺ • Summary of arguments • Recommendation/sugg estion/ prediction 4 Finally, some say that it is morally wrong to replace human beings with robots. They argue that it is unethical to deprive real people of their jobs, merely for the sake of efficiency. If efficiency were the only concern, they might be correct. This argument, however, does not take into account the consequences of human failings in the workplace: In surgery, for example, a doctor's arm may shake. A minimally invasive surgical robot, on the other hand, will always make the right cut (Manjoo). It would be truly immoral for society to be concerned about the doctor's job at the expense of the patient's health. 5 Increasingly, employers will need to decide when and how to replace human workers with computers. This decision is not easy, and a robot will not always be the right answer. However, it is clear that as computers approach human ability to reason, as specialized programs develop, and as robots become more reliable, there will be more circumstances in which replacing a person with a robot is not just the most efficient choice, but the most ethical one. Hook (To gain reader’s attention) (1S) Background information (Provide a context) (2/3Ss) Definition sentence (optional) (Define a key term/expression) (1S) The two arguments : ☺ &  (2/3Ss) Thesis statement (my argument) (1S) C ☺ C ☺ C ☺ Introduction C  C  Topic Sentence /  Counter argument 1 (1S) With a minimal explanation (if necessary) Rebuttal (1/2 Ss) Respond to the counter argument (refute or concede) Body Your argument 1 + Evidence (2/3 Ss) C ☺ Refer to academic books, journal articles or reliable sources. Use APA citation Concluding sentence (for more emphasis) Restating the thesis statement Summarizing the arguments in your body Emphasize your argument again Recommendations / Suggestions/ Predictions for the future Conclusion ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

1
Running Head: PUBLIC TRANSIT

Public Transit
Student’s name
Institution’s name
Date

2
PUBLIC TRANSIT
Public Transit
Public transit is also known as public transport or mass transport. It refers to a system of
transportation that is used by a group of passengers traveling in the same direction or same
destination. Most public transport includes transport by train, buses, cruise ships, buses, among
others. Most public transport vessels run on a fixed route and schedule. Over time with the
development and revolution of the transport industry, many vehicles have been manufactured.
Through this, people have preferred to buy the cars that they use for different kinds of travel. When
people use personal vehicles to travel, we call that private transportation (Ellaway et al., 2013).
People have perceived public transport differently based on their views as being of advantage over
private transport. In regards to it, some argue that public transport will never replace private
transport. Others argue that public transport saves fossil fuels based on the fact that its use limits
many people from using their vehicles, which mostly consume fuel. In this regard, the use of public
transport should not be seen as a bad idea since it goes a long way in reducing the amount of fuel
used by other personal transport.
Many people have argued that public transport will only replace the transport system in some
designated places only. The reasons behind it are the number of people who are traveling in those
areas. Such a place includes remote areas and areas that cannot be accessed using public means
based on their mode of transport infrastructure. There could be challenges that halt the network of
public transit systems, but does that mean public transit cannot be enhanced? Most public vehicles
schedule their vessels, which includes buses, airplanes, among others, only in a destination that
has many travelers. For instance, they cannot schedule vessels in areas that only a few people are
traveling due to losses base...

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