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RELS 105B Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Dr. Sam Houston
Negotiation, Adaptation, and Protest: The Modern Period and Its Challenges
Directions: Type 3-4 sentence definitions of each term using the relevant material from the
Oxtoby/Hussain textbook, PowerPoint slides, and lecture notes.
Reform Judaism – it is a popular denomination of the Jews that started with the aim of bringing
the meaning of their practices to the Jews living in Germany in the eighteenth century. Israel
Jacobson is the founder as he invited people to worship in his Berlin residence in 1815. Abraham
Geiger was the spiritual leader who guided the reform movement between 1810-1974. Jews of
today do not necessarily adhere to the laws, although in recent years, most of them have begun to
pay more attention.
Orthodox Judaism – Reform Judaism led to Orthodox Judaism, which teaches Jews to observe
and interpret their traditional practices and laws strictly. Samson Hirsch influenced orthodox
Judaism in a significant way and tried to show that it was possible to mix traditional Judaism
with modernity (Oxtoby, Hussain & Amore .1996). Orthodox Jews read the Hebrew Bible and
believe that Moses originated with the law which exists in written form in the two accounts of
Talmud and Mishnah. Haredim are the firm orthodox Jews who abide by Torah laws and r...
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