LA 498 Excelsior College Nationalism Literature Review

LA 498

Excelsior College


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Scaffold Step #3 is your literature review, which you will submit at the end of Module 4. The literature review serves as the foundation for your final research paper. A well-written literature review is broad in scope and illustrates the extent to which you understand the current research related to your topic. Toward this end, you’ll need to dig through the databases in the college library to find peer-reviewed articles and research studies published in academic journals. If you need help searching the academic databases, contact an Excelsior librarian. To achieve the broad scope necessary, include 9–15 scholarly (peer-reviewed) sources related to your field of study. See the module assignment instructions in Canvas for more details.

This set of writing templates allows you to set up the Literature Review Matrix for submission in Module 3.

Literature Review Matrix: Source 1

Use the writing templates below to continue completing Scaffold Step #3.


Journal Name, Article Title, Date, and Permalink


Focus/Purpose of Study


Agreements with Other Researchers

Controversies/Disagreements with Other Researchers

Implications for Future Research and Practice

Unformatted Attachment Preview

SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 1 Joseph P Maioriello March 13, 2020 1. What are your Degree Depths? - Admin and Management Studies 2. What is your area of interest? Explain how your area of interest relates to one or both of your Degree Depths. - My area of interest is conflict resolution which ties in with my Management studies. During my studies thus far, I have gained valuable information form COMM 324 Conflict Management as well as COMM 355, Ethics in communication. Both of these courses, along with my previous courses from prior schools have helped me gain a greater perspective. Additionally, as a Senior leader in the military, I deal with conflict management on a daily basis. This is ultimately why I chose this area for my focus. 3. What is the contemporary global issue or problem you intend to research? Nationalistic ideology is a major problem across many of the industrialized nations that builds division and presents a problem that hinders growth, ideation and conflict resolution. 4. How does this problem relate to one or both of your Degree Depths? - The concept of reducing Nationalistic ideology through conflict resolution relates to the degree depth of management. 5. Why is this global issue or problem significant to researchers in your field of study? - Nationalistic ideology has found its way into the US over the past several years. I believe we need people in my field of study to do what they can to dissolve this growing trend though conflict resolution and conflict management. If people can better understand the views of one another, perhaps we can work toward a path to understanding and inclusiveness. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET References Balibar, E. (1990). The nation form: history and ideology. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), 13(3), 329-361. Benner, E. (1997). Nationality without nationalism. Journal of Political Ideologies, 2(2), 189206. Finlayson, A. (1998). Ideology, discourse and nationalism. Journal of Political Ideologies, 3(1), 99-118. Freeden, M. (1998). Is Nationalism a distinct ideology?. Political Studies, 46(4), 748-765. Nodia, G. (1992). Nationalism and democracy. Journal of Democracy, 3(4), 3-22. 2 SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 3 6. How do these researchers view this global problem? In your own words, explain the predominant idea from each of the five journal articles. - It is evident from the articles that the nationalistic ideology is becoming a significant issue to researchers. According to Freeden (1998), many people who adhere to the right-wing ideology reckon that one who does not chant nationalist slogans is an anti-nationalist. Calling someone anti-nationalist for not fulfilling their yardstick of Nationalism is exasperating. It is hard to understand the concept of being a nationalist and having pride for one’s nationality. Finlayson (1998) argues that people do not need to be nationalistic to live in a nation because in that case, they also belong to the world before they belong to a nation. Furthermore, Nodia (1992) alludes that Nationalism teaches people to deem every other nation as Inferior. Benner (1997) quoted the definition of Nationalism and pointed out the end of the definition as the problem. They are correct. The definition of Nationalism includes taking away the rights and privileges of those that are not like people of a particular country. It justifies wars with neighbors since the only reason that one country needs to invade another country is that doing so will help the country. If the neighbors are of a different ethnic or religious group, then they are inferior to them and them countrymen and do not deserve the same rights and privileges that they enjoy. 7. What’s common among these studies? - The most common aspect addressed in the articles about how Nationalism is problematic. According to Balibar (1990), there is nothing wrong with ethnic pride. Still, when Nationalism entails racism, the feeling of racial superiority, bigotry, the hate of specific religious or ethnic groups, then the problem, becomes isolationist, misanthropic, with definite economic, and geospatial misadventures for countries that nurse it. This may lead to war, sometimes to genocide. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 4 Benner (1997) affirms that Nationalism is a form of mass tribalism that creates an individuality versus the world mentality if the rest of humanity does not toe their line. It is statist also, an authoritarian and powerful obstacle to international cooperation. There is also the wave of destructive Nationalism which beliefs in the superiority of cast races, skin colour and religion. As Nodia (1992) states, this wave can lead a country to an irresistible race for power over the universe. It only believes in the greatness of one religion and race who should be a ruler of the world. An excellent example of this wave when Hitler and Mussolini took the world for world war and conflicts. Both of them Were the excellent examples of destructive nationalism wave that could destroy the world. According to Finlayson (1998), Nationalism is self-serving. It breeds greed and hatred among nations, with some of the most prolific aggressors in history (and now) being the Roman Empire, China, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Japan and the United States. Furthermore, Freeden (1998) argues that Nationalism has bred this same attitude in business. Nationalism builds a weakened mentality into a population, which allows for easier manipulation through propaganda. While people think that others use propaganda, the issue of propaganda being integrated into Nationalism has become a critical issue in many countries. For that matter, most political parties, religions and corporations leverage propaganda for their benefit. 8. What are the major points of disagreement among the researchers? - The major points of disagreement I found among researchers is 9. What challenges do you anticipate while completing this research? - I am honestly a little lost as to the topic I should select. I think this one will work. Please let me know if I am headed in the right direction. SCAFFOLD STEP #1: TOPIC PROPOSAL WORKSHEET 5 1 Nationalism Joe Maioriello LA498 Liberal Arts Capstone M2A3 / Scaffold Step #2 3/20/20 2 Nationalism The subject of nationalist ideology is a concerning issue given it bears a high likelihood for divisions. Researchers submit arguments vastly agreeing with the underlying problematic affliction of nationalism; however, gaps exist on the subject necessitating the need for further research. The high affinity for the matter to facilitate conflict requires address by conflict resolution and management. Nationalistic ideology (nationalism) is a significant issue among industrialized nations as it facilitates conflict through building divisions. It is a self-interest promotion movement with the aim of self-determination which communicates the underlying elements of a country establishing itself as a legitimate source of wielding political power (popular sovereignty). Nationalistic `ideology holds that a nation bears polity in having a single national identity that draws from shared prosperity, culture, and politics, among other factors. It, therefore, seeks to establish an influential front facilitating water-tight national traditional culture and triggering cultural revivals. A gap, therefore, exists with such ideologies build divisions within a nation coupled with the external environment. It is problematic as it fosters racial superiority, detesting various ethnic groups, isolationism, and finally facilitates economic misadventures. Nationalism can therein trigger internal divisions among citizens and in most cases, trigger wars with disagreement on specific ideologies for warring nations. It may facilitate mass tribalism that contributes to the total annihilation of a particular people in genocides. Researchers submissions conceptualize the subject of nationalism issuing insight on the subject and its effect on specific people, which establishes formidable differences. Cinar&Tas(2017) posit that nationalist ideology is a means by which actualization occurs for 3 national communities which was an underlying factor for Ulusalcilik (nationalism) with the movement opposing Islamism, Ottomanism, and perceived imperialist Western powers. Their submissions contextualize nationalism by demystifying the wedge it can develop for a group adhering to the campaign and those considered as “outsiders.” Foley et al. (2018) submit that nationalist movements in China are the contributors to protest demonstrations against Japan bearing adverse effects on the economy given hurting growth of foreign direct investments (FDI) coupled with a dilemma for local leaders in managing the popular ideologies amid a shift of national priorities. It shows the political and economic adversities of nationalism. Lastly, Sakellaropoulos (2019) posits that Cypriot Nationalisms saw the assimilation of a small Armenian community into Cypriotness (its nationalism) without losing its identity. It shows idealness of the subject. The intricacies of nationalistic ideology coupled with submissions on the subject enact a lens on the need to address the gaps and address the highly probable conflicts that may arise. The scholarly presentations generally agree that nationalism facilitates self-isolation that may contribute to problematic situations like divisions within specific people and the external environment. It is, therefore, necessary to mitigate the adversities that may arise from having nationalist ideologies. However, there is a gap on the submissions with some citing the idealness of nationalist ideology alluding connection to patriotism. It shows contradictions in argument contextualizing the position of an individual, that is, depending on the context. From one angle, it can lead to unity drawing together people by assimilation with some cases involving upholding of specific identities. The opposing viewpoint cites dissemination of a people coupled with adversities on economies. There is a need for establishing one argument by weighing the two sides and issuing a response to any trouble. 4 Conflict resolution and management is the answer to the high divisiveness that may occur subject to nationalism. Though multiple research affirms the problematic nature of nationalist ideology, there is a gap given contradictory argument, thereby necessitating further investigation. The response will assist establish an all-inclusive society. 5 References Cinar, A., &Tas, H. (2017). Politics of nationhood and the displacement of the founding moment: Contending histories of the turkish nation. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 59(3), 657-689. Foley, K., Wallace, J. L., & Jessica, C. W. (2018). The political and economic consequences of nationalist protest in china: The 2012 anti-japanese demonstrations. The China Quarterly, 236, 1131-1153. Sakellaropoulos, S. (2019). Cypriot nationalisms in context: History, identity and politics. The Cyprus Review, 31(1), 317. ...
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Nationalism Literature Review

Institutional Affiliation

Nationalism Literature Review
Source 1
Journal Name, Article Title, Date, and Permalink
Politics of nationhood and the displacement of the founding moment: Contending histories of the
turkish nation. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 59(3), 657-689. (2017).
Alev Cinar
Tas Hakki
Focus/Purpose of Study
The purpose of the study was to research how nationalism has occurred across time in Turkey
and the implications it has caused.
The research found that nationalism has resulted into groupings of people who feel that they
have the same identity and, therefore, a common goal. These groupings have, in turn, resulted in
conflicts because of different ideologies.
Agreements with Other Researchers

This research confirms what some researchers state about nationalism; that it always breaks
people apart than it brings them together.
Controversies/Disagreements with Other Researchers
On the other hand, other researchers hold different opinions regarding nationalism. For instance,
some researchers have reported that nationalism brings individuals together, thus promoting
Implications for Future Research and Practice
The main implication of this study is that it necessitates the need for additional research to
further highlight how nationalism causes disputes and whether or not the chances of causing
disputes and conflicts overwhelm the possibility of unity.
Source 2
Journal Name, Article Title, Date, and Permalink
The political and economic consequences of nationalist protest in china: The 2012 anti-japanese
demonstrations. The China Quarterly, 236, 1131-1153.
Kevin Foley
Jeremy L. Wallace

Jessica Chen Weiss
Focus/Purpose of Study
The ma...

New York University

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