Writing
ETH 501 TUI Culture Time and Business Ethics Overseas Manufacturing Case Study

ETH 501

Trident University International

ETH

Question Description

I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Module 2 - Case

Culture, Time, and Business Ethics

Assignment Overview

This Case Assignment for this module looks at an update of Nike and the ongoing issue of sweatshops. The case is found in:

Byars, S., & Stanberry, K. (2018). Impact of culture and time on business ethics, chapter 5. Business Ethics. Rice University, OpenStax. Retrieved from http://cnx.org/content/col25722/1.3 p. 138. CC BY 4.0 license

Overseas Manufacturing

How can the purchase of a pair of sneakers be seen as an ethical act? Throughout the 1990s, the U.S. shoe and sportswear manufacturer Nike was widely criticized for subcontracting with factories in China and Southeast Asia that were little more than sweatshops with deplorable working conditions. After responding to the criticisms and demanding that its suppliers improve their workplaces, the company began to redeem itself in the eyes of many and has become a model of business ethics and sustainability. However, questions remain about the relationship between business and government.

For instance, should a company advocate for labor rights, a minimum wage, and unionization in developing countries where it has operations? What responsibility does it have for the welfare of a contractor’s workers in a culture with differing customs? What right does any Western company have to insist that its foreign contractors observe in their factories the protocols required in the West? What, for example, is sacred about an eight-hour workday? When Nike demands that foreign manufacturers observe Western laws and customs about the workplace, arguably this is capitalist imperialism. Not only that, but Western firms will be charged more for concessions regarding factory conditions. Perhaps this is as it should be, but Western consumers must then be prepared to pay more for material goods than in the past.

Some argue that demanding that companies accept these responsibilities imposes cultural standards on another culture through economic pressure. Others insist there should be universal standards of humane employee treatment, and that they must be met regardless of where they come from or who imposes them. But should the market dictate such standards, or should the government?

The rise of artificial intelligence and robotics will complicate this challenge because, in time, they may make offshoring the manufacture and distribution of goods unnecessary. It may be cheaper and more efficient to bring these operations back to developed countries and use robotic systems instead. What would that mean for local cultures and their economies? In Nike’s case, automation is already a concern, particularly as competition from its German rival, Adidas, heats up again.

For the Case 2 assignment review:



TeamSweat. (2011, July 28). Nike sweatshops: Behind the swoosh [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1097&v=M5uYCWVfuPQ.

And,

Bain, M. (2017). Nike is facing a new wave of anti-sweatshop protests. Quartz. Retrieved from https://qz.com/1042298/nike-is-facing-a-new-wave-of-anti-sweatshop-protests/

Mintz, S. (May 2012). Social responsibilities of a U.S. company doing business abroad. Retrieved from https://www.ethicssage.com/2012/05/social-responsibilities-of-a-us-company-doing-business-abroad.html

St. Clair, J. (September 2018). Nike’s bad air. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/09/10/105150/

Case Assignment

Address the following in a 3- to 4-page academic essay that demonstrates your critical-thinking skills. It should be written for an audience of employers who are looking to expand their business overseas where labor costs are less than in the U.S. As an ethics expert, you have been asked to address the following:

  • Should a company advocate for labor rights, a minimum wage, and unionization in developing countries where it has operations?
  • What right does a Western company have to insist that its foreign contractors observe in their factories the protocols required in the West?
  • What ethical responsibilities do individual consumers have when dealing with companies that rely on overseas labor?
  • Should businesses adopt universal workplace standards about working conditions and employee protections? Why or why not?

This assignment should include third-person voice. Write a well-integrated paper with a strong introduction and conclusion, and use a few section headings (e.g., do not simply follow a Q & A format).

Bring in your Module background information. Whether or not you bring in sources outside of this Module is up to you. For all sources used, provide in-text citations and a references list.

Module 2 - Background

Culture, Time, and Business Ethics

Let’s begin this module by reading chapter 5 of the Byars and Stanberry book:

Byars, S., & Stanberry, K. (2018). Business Ethics. Rice University, OpenStax. Retrieved from https://d3bxy9euw4e147.cloudfront.net/oscms-prodcms/media/documents/BusinessEthics-OP_BQNN2qf.pdf pp. 131-154. CC BY 4.0 license

As you will see, there is indeed a relationship between business ethics, culture, and time. Of course, ethical practices and beliefs are influenced by geography and religion. The reading leads us to ask: Are the values central to business ethics universal?

According to the authors, most organizations hold three different kinds of beliefs about themselves: (1) purpose of the business, (2) the organization’s mission, and (3) culture, religion, and ethics-driven beliefs.

For example, watch the following video about Merck and Co.’s fight to control river blindness in Africa.

World Bank. (2014, June 30). Treating River Blindness and other neglected tropical diseases [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/6WDETcrqNFA.

See the following article if you want to learn more about Merck’s successful donation program of the drug Mectizan to fight river blindness. This is a result of key players from across the world coming together to put ethical beliefs in motion. Merck describes their commitment: “as much as needed, for as long as needed.”

Merck. (2019). Over 30 years: The Mectizan donation program. Retrieved from
https://www.merck.com/about/featured-stories/mectizan.html

The Case Assignment for this module looks at Nike and the ongoing issue of sweatshops. For that assignment, review:

TeamSweat. (2011, July 28). Nike sweatshops: Behind the swoosh [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1097&v=M5uYCWVfuPQ.

Bain, M. (2017). Nike is facing a new wave of anti-sweatshop protests. Quartz. Retrieved from https://qz.com/1042298/nike-is-facing-a-new-wave-of-anti-sweatshop-protests/

Mintz, S. (May 2012). Social responsibilities of a U.S. company doing business abroad. Retrieved from https://www.ethicssage.com/2012/05/social-responsibilities-of-a-us-company-doing-business-abroad.html

St. Clair, J. (September 2018). Nike’s bad air. Retrieved from https://www.counterpunch.org/2018/09/10/105150/.


Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Final Answer

Attached.

Running head: CULTURE, TIME, AND BUSINESS ETHICS

Culture, Time, and Business Ethics
Student’s Name
Institution
Year

1

CULTURE, TIME, AND BUSINESS ETHICS

2

Culture, Time, and Business Ethics
In the current corporate world companies only have one option either go global or go
home. This has been so due to the high rates of competition which have seen an increase in subcontractions to other companies in the third world where resources like labor are cheap. This has,
in turn, made various global companies extend their production activities to developing countries
to take advantage of the cheap labor there and increase their competitive advantages (Brays &
Stanberry, 2018). However, a variety of ethical issues have been on the rise with such decisions
since most of these companies have been on the watch out for incidences of exploitation by
making employees work in deplorable working conditions where wages are low, employee rights
are denied and working conditions are harsh (TeamSweat, 2011). However, to improve on this,
there have been proposals for these western companies like Nike to transfer western laws to their
foreign subcontractors something that has been opposed and viewed as capitalist imperialism.
Despite these conflicts, the main question still remains what procedures should these western
companies apply to enhance humane employee treatment.
Advocacy for Labor Rights, a Minimum Wage, and Unionization
Even though Western companies have an objective to maximize their competitive
advantage, they also have a responsibility to increase the welfare of their employees by
promoting a good working environment in their foreign subcontractors. Therefore, these ...

CristinaP (13846)
Purdue University

Anonymous
Top quality work from this tutor! I’ll be back!

Anonymous
Just what I needed… fantastic!

Anonymous
Use Studypool every time I am stuck with an assignment I need guidance.

Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4
Similar Questions
Related Tags