MMPA 6542 Walden University International Court of Justice Research Paper

MMPA 6542

Walden University


Question Description

I’m studying and need help with a Writing question to help me learn.

Managing international organizations can be challenging for public administrators. These organizations may have many different institutional structures and might operate in complex governance environments. This means that some care must be given to the strategic management of the organization. Part of this process is a consistent evaluation of the organization's effectiveness at achieving its goals. To ensure that an organization operates effectively, evaluation must be part of the organization's institutional culture. This can be difficult for networked organizations that are subject to complex inputs from other organizations, funders, and changing conditions in the areas in which they operate.

For this Assignment, review the resources from this week. Then, consider the following:

  • How good governance is defined in international organizations
  • The role that planning has in the effective management of international organizations, and whether this role is substantially different from the role of planning in purely domestic organizations
  • The ways that the Results Based Management model in international organizations overcomes the challenges of operating in multiple countries
  • The governance model and management goals of the organization you have chosen for the Final Project
  • How your organization models the concepts discussed in the course text
  • Consider the data that are published by your organization related to its activities. Then, consider how readily available these data are. Finally, consider how useful these data are for evaluating the organization.

Assignment (600–800 words)

Write a paper addressing the following points:

  1. Explain how your organization is governed.
  2. Explain the institutional framework for making and implementing decisions.
  3. Explain the procedures your organization follows in its strategic planning.
  4. Explain who is ultimately responsible for directing and implementing strategic plans.
  5. Explain how your organization follows the Results Based Management model. If it does not follow the model, explain how it can be benefitted by following the model.
  6. Explain the system your organization uses for evaluating "success" for the organization. If it does not use one, explain how it can be benefitted by using one.
  7. Explain how your organization's mission lends itself to a results-oriented management strategy.
  8. Explain what data your organization provides that stakeholders can use to evaluate the success of the organization.

Your paper should follow the standard academic essay format and it should clearly tie the answers to the listed questions together into a single line of reasoning that discusses your organization's methods for making and evaluating decisions.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

1 International Court of Justice Background Courtnie Walker March 19, 2020 Walden University/MMPA 6542 INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND 2 The International Court of Justice (ICJ), also known as the world court, is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The ICJ seat is at the peace palace in The Hague, Netherlands. It's the only organ of the UN that is not based in New York, United States. The ICJ was instituted by the Charter of the United Nations in June 1945. It, however, began its operations in April 1946. The main reason for the creation of the ICJ was to arbitrate international conflicts. Prior to its formation, the Hague conventions formed the Permanent Court of Arbitration. The League of Nations later formed the Permanent Court of International Justice, which was in issued over thirty decisions from 1921 to 1938. Later in 1945, the San Francisco Conference established the ICJ. Every member of the United Nations is a party to the statute of the ICJ. It also allows non-UN members to become parties ("History | International Court of Justice", 2020). The ICJ is an autonomous and permanent body consisting of 15 judges. There can never be more than one judge at the ICJ who are citizens of one nation. The judges are elected by majority votes in the United Nations General Assembly and the Security to serve a nine-year term. They are eligible for reelection, and they conduct an election to choose their own president and vice president who serve for three years terms. The president and the vice president have the power to appoint administrative personnel when necessary. In addition, one-third of the judges are elected every three years. Although the seat of the ICJ is at The Hague, sessions can be held anywhere the Court deems appropriate. The ICJ has two official languages which are the English and French language. As discussed above, the main reason for its establishment is to solve disputes between sovereign States. Hence only members' states may be parties in the cases before the ICJ and no state can be sued before it if it does not consent to such an action. A state may consent to the ICJ compulsory jurisdiction in advance by filing a declaration with the INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND 3 United Nations secretary-general. The ICJ allows oral and written argument to be presented during sessions. The ICJ is mandated to appoint commissions to investigate and make reports when appropriate. Witnesses are allowed to appear before the Court and be heard. The ICJ rulings are based on international law. The ICJ judgments cannot be appealed; hence it is final ("International Court of Justice | Definition, Cases, Purpose, & Facts", 2020). The mission of the ICJ is to ensure that international law is utilized and implemented effectively through international and national procedures to protect the most vulnerable when it comes to human rights and humanitarian law. The ICJ has the mission of promoting and expanding the rule of law through settling disputes between states and spearheading legal advice internationally as authorized by the UN. From the year 2016 to 2020, the ICJ stipulated strategic goals that it aimed at achieving. They included Independence of judges and lawyers, access to justice for all, accountability for human rights violations and abuses, the rule of law and International Human Rights Standards and Instruments, and domestic implementation and compliance ("Vision, mission and statutes", 2020). The ICJ has undergone many changes since its establishment, which has been facilitated by the fact that it is its own master when it comes to procedure and internal management. The changes were necessary as procedures of the Court were slow, cumbersome, and expensive. For instance, the position of registrar and deputy registrar of the Court were made gender-neutral in 2019. Earlier the candidate for the position of registrar was to be proposed by a member of the Court, which has now been replaced with an open and fair appointment. To end the slow proceedings of the organization, in 2001, preliminary objection time was changed in that they were required to be filed as soon as possible and not later than 3 months prior to the delivery of the Memorial. This replaced the earlier model where states would file their objections in the last INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND 4 moments. This made proceedings move faster and improved the productivity of the Court (Mcintyre et al., 2019). In terms of the organization structure of the ICJ and post-distribution of the registry, the registrar is at the top and heads the departments of Legal Matters, Linguistic matters, Information, Finance Division, Publication Division, and the Security and General Assistance Division. The registrar has one special assistant, one personal assistant, and an administrative assistance. Under the registrar is the Deputy Registrar who oversees the Document Division, Text reproduction and Division Information and Communications Technology Division, Administrative and Personal Division, Senior Medical Officer, Staff Welfare Officer, and Secretaries to Judges. The Deputy Registrar has one administrative assistant ("Organizational Chart of the Registry", 2019). The ICJ has demonstrated its transformational leadership in the globe by partnering with other organizations to promote justice. The International Court of justice does not operate in isolation and has partnered with several organizations to achieve its mission and goals. The ICJ has partnered with the United Nations Women, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), to facilitate access to justice by women in Asia and the Pacific. This initiative was aimed at bridging the chasm between formal and informal systems of justice by empowering women and removing all forms of gender discrimination in the local courts ("UN Women, OHCHR, and ICJ partner to enhance women's access to justice in Asia and the Pacific", 2018). The ICJ has also formed relations with the South African Judicial Education Institute. In 2018 the Court partnered together with the South African Judicial Education Institute to improve INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND 5 judicial officer's knowledge on housing rights ("South Africa: ICJ partners with South African Judicial Education Institute to improve judicial officer's knowledge on housing rights", 2018). The ICJ has shown a continuous trend to offer legal education in the area of legal enforcement of economic and social rights to judicial officers. INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND 6 References History | International Court of Justice. Icj-cij.org. (2020). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.icj-cij.org/en/history. International Court of Justice | Definition, Cases, Purpose, & Facts. Encyclopedia Britannica. (2020). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.britannica.com/topic/InternationalCourt-of-Justice. Mcintyre, J., Mcintyre, J., Mcintyre, J., Marchuk, I., Baetens, F., & Buchan, R. (2019). The International Court of Justice Releases New Rules of Court – EJIL: Talk!. Ejiltalk.org. Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.ejiltalk.org/the-international-court-ofjustice-releases-new-rules-of-court/. Organizational Chart of the Registry. Icj-cij.org. (2019). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.icj-cij.org/files/images/organizational-chart-of-the-registry/organizationalchart-of-the-registry-en.png. South Africa: ICJ partners with South African Judicial Education Institute to improve judicial officer’s knowledge on housing rights. International Commission of Jurists. (2018). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.icj.org/south-africa-icj-partners-with-southafrican-judicial-education-institute-to-improve-judicial-officers-knowledge-on-housingrights/. UN Women, OHCHR and ICJ partner to enhance women’s access to justice in Asia and the Pacific. UN Women | Asia and the Pacific. (2018). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE BACKGROUND https://asiapacific.unwomen.org/en/news-and-events/stories/2018/06/un-women-ohchrand-icj-partner-to-enhance-womens-access-to-justice. Vision, mission and statutes. International Commission of Jurists. (2020). Retrieved 19 March 2020, from https://www.icj.org/about/vision-mission-and-statutes/. 7 ...
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International Court of Justice
Students’ Name
Institutional Affiliation




How the organization is governed
The international court of justice is the primary judicial structure operating in the United
Nations. The court was established under the UN charter of 1945. The court is mandated to settle
the dispute between countries under international law and also plays an advisory role on matters
referred to it by the UN and other authoritative agencies. Fifteen judges are who are appointed by
the UN General Assembly, and the Security Council is mandated to run the court for a term of
nine years. The courts also consist of a registry, which is the administrative body in the courts.
Institutional framework for decision making and implementing decisions
The court has limited jurisdiction and can only be involved in matters to which the
member states bring to it. The courts’ main procedures are guided by the United Nations Charter
(Amr, 2003). One of the critical principles that tie the court's function is found in Article one of
the Charter, which states that the court must deliver peaceful resolutions between bilateral
disputes following international standards and justice principles (Amr, 2003). The court relies on
jurisprudence dating back a hundred years ago in delivering its judgments (Amr, 2003). The
court's predecessor, the Permanent Court of International Justice, developed important aspects of
procedural law which are still useful to date in delivering sound decisions.
Procedures followed by the organization in strategic planning
Strategic plans are scopes that the court has singled out as of critical importance to the
overall purpose, which involve furthering the justice agenda and the rule of law (International
Commission of Jurists, Strategic Plan 2016-2020). The plans are developed to ensure the impact
of the courts is felt in the most vulnerable jurisdictions. The courts' strategic plan is developed
through a yearly cycle, which gives the flexibility to delve deeply into the changing
environments. Using various methodologies like theoretical research, the organization questions



the critical issues that are aligned to its mandate. The ICJ formulates strategic partnerships with
other organizations that provide advocacy platforms at the international level. Through these
partnerships, the court affects policy change in areas of concern.
Who is responsible for directing and implementing Strategic Plans?
The ICJ has a network of legal minds such as jurists, lawyers, and commissioners who
are responsible for implementing its strategic plans internationally. The ICJ also has created
partnerships that advocate for human rights policies and further its agenda throughout...

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