Business Finance
ISSC 630 American Military University OPM Incident Question

ISSC 630

American Military University


Question Description

I need support with this Communications question so I can learn better.

In order to complete assignment #3 you will need to answer the below questions. Please complete the questions in a Word document and then upload the assignment for grading. When assigning a name to your document please use the following format (last name_Assignment #3). Use examples from the readings, lecture notes and outside research to support your answers. The assignment must be a minimum of 5-full pages in length with a minimum of 3-outside sources. Please be sure to follow APA guidelines for citing and referencing source. Assignments are due by 11:55 pm Eastern time on Sunday.

1) In continuation of our review of the OMP incident, we will want to research the psychological aspects of the people believed to be behind the attack. The groups dubbed X1 and X2 are believed to be behind the attack, you can read more about it here ( You will want to research the following individuals, Yu Pingan, and Chinese state backed hacking groups. Using a combination of theoretical conclusions that can be drawn from the attack as well as information available online, does your psych profile match up with any of the individuals mentioned?

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Final Answer



Running Head: OPM INCIDENT

OPM Incident
Student’s name:



OPM Incident
The unethical hacking of the United States Office of Personnel Management took place
in April 2015, and it involved personnel files for the government's civilian workforce. The
hacking activity involved access to sensitive data such as SF-86 forms that contain personal
information for government security clearance seeking individuals. The hacking also led to the
entrance of millions of people's fingerprints. The unauthorized access to the OPM led to a
congressional investigation and executives' resignation. The congressional OPM data breach
report reveals that X1 and X2 dubbed groups perpetrated the OPM incident hackers. However,
US law enforcement claim that the two perpetrators were a foreign entity. Therefore, this paper
analyses the psychological aspects of X1 and X2 dubbed groups suspects to OPM incident cyber
intrusion (Fruhlinger, 2020).
Psychological aspects of X1 and X2
According to congressional OPM data breach report, cyber intrusion, especially to
sensitive information such as that of the Office of Personnel Management, is not perpetrated just
for fun. Still, the intruders most have psychological aspects towards the motive. Most research
reveals that hackers, most so cyber intruders, have a motivating background concerning their
data breach targets. In this investigative analysis, psychological aspects such as motives,
opportunity, and means of the cyber intruders will be the central point.



In the opportunity psychological aspect of the perpetrators, the concentration point will
be how and when the cyber intruders perpetrated the crime. In addition to ways of crime
perpetration, importance is put on vulnerabilities focus caused by the users.
The cyber intrusion started in November 2013, when the OPM network was first
breached. In the first attack, the X1 perpetrator was not able to succeed in personal records
access. However, the perpetrator managed in Information Technology system architecture and
manual exfiltrat...

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