Humanities
LMU African American Mothers Behind Bars The Children Maintain Contact Essay

Loyola Marymount University

Question Description

Need help with my Social Science question - I’m studying for my class.

The instructions to the paper are in the attached document. This paper should be in APA formant. You must cite at least 8 references. Out of 8, use the 3 that are in the instructions attached and the rest can be any sources of your choosing.

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Black Families 1. Annotated Bibliography for Paper III - Due April 1, 2020 (Worth 5-Points) A. Do an annotated bibliography of 5 references that will be used in the paper. (2 pages) 2. Paper III – Due April 6, 2020 (Worth 40-Points) Topic: African American Mothers Behind Bars: Should The Children Maintain Contact? A. Write a 10-page double-spaced research paper on this topic that includes responses to the statements and/or questions below. a. Introduction: Give an overview of what is known about the mass incarcerated of African American women and girls. - (Include the stats regarding how many of these women are mothers; types of crimes committed, what facilities are used to house the women, etc.) b. What are the socio-political factors that have resulted in the rise of African American women being incarcerated? c. List and discuss at least three (3) consequences to families of having the mother incarcerated: - the incarcerated mother herself (stigmatization, abandonment, etc.) - the children; and - the caregivers of the incarcerated mother’s children d. Discuss the types of contacts that are available for incarcerated parents and their families (i.e., mail, phone and in-person). - What factors impact these contacts? For example, age of child, costs, etc. - Are contacts with these parents considered significant? Are there any competing view? e. Explore the issues that have been raised about children’s in-person contact with incarcerated parents. f. What have been the responses to these families? (Responses by the public, researchers, social services agencies, criminal justice system, etc.) g. Going forward, are there any efforts being considered that could assist these families? h. Based on your knowledge about families, what is your personal view on this issue? Paper Guidelines: 1. Cover Sheet (page 1) 2. Abstract (page 2) (Abstract should be at least 1/3 of a page) 3. Body of Paper (10 pages) (pages 3-12) - Cite at least eight (8) references in the body of the paper. - Use the APA, author/date or footnote citation method. 4. Bibliography Page (page13); Use APA guidelines - References cited in the body of the paper must appear on the bibliography page. 5. If a table or chart is included in the paper, place the table or chart on a separate addendum page at the back of the paper. (It will not be counted towards the required 10 page minimum. 6. If a long quote (4 lines or more) is used in the paper, check APA guidelines for correct format. 7. If a long quote is a half-page long or more, place the long quote on a separate addendum page at the back of the paper. (It will not be counted towards the required 10 page minimum). 8. Use standard margins, paragraphing, fonts, and bibliography formats. 9. Submit paper by e-mail. 10. In the event that the paper will not be turned in on the due date, a request to turn the paper in late must be pre-approved by the professor. 5-Points will be deducted from late papers. References: Murphey, David & Cooper, P. Mae (2015). Parents Behind Bars: What Happens to Their Children? https://www.childtrends.org/wp-content-uploads/2015/10/2015-42parentsbehindbars.pdf Poelhlmann-Tynam, Julie (2010). Childrens’ Contact with Incarcerated Parents Research https://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/focus/pdfs/foc322c.pdf Trzcinski, Satyanathan & Ferro (2002). What about me? Children with Incarcerated Parents. Michigan Family Impact Seminars Briefing Report no. 2002-1. http://extension.missouri.edu/4hlife/documents/tools/whatabout.pdf ...
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Final Answer

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ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

1

Annotated Bibliography

Name

Institutional Affiliation

Date

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

2

Arditti, J. A., & McGregor, C. M. (2019). A Family Perspective: Caregiving and Family
Contexts of Children with an Incarcerated Parent. In Handbook on Children with
Incarcerated Parents (pp. 117-130). Springer, Cham.

Once parents are incarcerated, the children left behind need to be taken care of. As such, the
authors of this article researched to determine how children with incarcerated parents are taken
care of. Also, it identifies major challenges that face these children and how they can be
alleviated. As such, the article will provide a lot of information on children of incarcerated
mothers, how they are taken care of and issues that affect them.

Cloutier, G. (2016). Latin America's Female Prisoner Problem: How the War on Drugs,
Feminization of Poverty, and Female Liberation Contribute to Mass Incarceration
of Women. Clocks and Clouds, 7(1).

The number of women incarcerated in the United States is on the increase. The article explores
the main reasons why women re incarcerated including common crimes they are imprisoned for.
As such, it will provide a lot of knowledge on the reasons why female incarceration is on the rise
and socio-political problems involved.

Gross, K. N. (2015). African American women, mass incarceration, and the politics of
protection. Journal of American History, 102(1), 25-33.
https://academic.oup.com/jah/article-abstract/102/1/25/686630

Mass incarceration of African American women has been on the increase. There are more
African American women imprisoned as compared to other populations. This article explores
politics behind this mass incarceration. It provides a lot of information on socio-political issues

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

3

that are involved. As such, it will provide a lot of information on why there are more African
American women in prison and any political issues that have helped create the situation. Such
information is very valuable to the research.

Knopf, A. (2018). Children of incarcerated citizens: Change system to reduce trauma. The
Brown University Child and Adolescent Behavior Letter, 34(11), 3-4.

Most women who are imprisoned leave a child behind. How are these children affected? This
article by Knopf provides information on the effects of such incarceration to children. It also
provides reasons as to why the system needs to be changed to reduce trauma amongst these
children. The information is valuable and provides a lot of material towards understanding how
children re affected and how the situation can be remedied.

Murphey, David & Cooper, P. Mae (2015). Parents Behind Bars: What Happens to Their
Children? https://www.childtrends.org/wp-content-uploads/2015/10/201542parentsbehindbars.pdf

There are many parents behind bars, but what happens to their children? The article explores
children left behind by imprisoned parents. It determines how they are affected. The information
in this article will be used to determine how such children are affected and how such problems
can be resolved.
Poelhlmann-Tynam, Julie (2010). Childrens’ Contact with Incarcerated Parents Research
https://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/focus/pdfs/foc322c.pdf

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

4

Children are allowed to contact their parents in prison. But how do they do it and what are the
effects? The article answers these questions and explores the most common types of
communication that occur between parent and child. The information in this article will help
understand these types of contact and help in determining whether children should be allowed to
maintain contact with their imprisoned parents.

Stewart, R. A. (2018). A Narrative Study: Understanding The Intersections Of Race, Class,
Gender, And Sexuality In The Pathways To Crime And Incarceration In African
American Women’s Lives.

Race, class and inequality play a key role in the incarceration of African American women. The
article explores this issue and provides a lot of information on the Incarceration of African
American women. It will help understand why the incarceration of women is on the increase and
how such issues can be resolved to ensure that women are not incarcerated for issues that would
otherwise not warrant such actions.

Trzcinski, Satyanathan& Ferro (2002). What about me? Children with Incarcerated Parents.
Michigan Family Impact Seminars Briefing Report no. 2002-1.
http://extension.missouri.edu/4hlife/documents/tools/whatabout.pdf

Children with incarcerated parents may be overlooked. However, this article sets out to
determine what happens to these children, how they are affected and what needs to be done.
With such information, it will be possible to understand the effects of incarceration of mothers.
Such information will add value to the research and ensure that there is adequate material to
support issues affecting children of imprisoned parents.


Running Head: AFRICAN AMERICAN MOTH...

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