FGV Mastering Arete Virtue & Circumstances on The City State Arete Analysis Essay

Fundacao Getulio Vargas

Question Description

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Mastering Arete


OVERVIEW: The aim of this assignment is to assist students in becoming sophisticated and critical readers of the sourcebook, Arete. Understanding the historical, literary, and political contexts of ancient evidence, students will become sensitive not only to the materials potential biases, but also its nuances of emphasis and detail.

A second goal is to allow students to dive deep into a topic of their choosing. The more invested the student is in knowing about the person/place/event/object in question, the better. This has the potential to be not only enlightening, but also fun.

Step-by-step instructions for this assignment are provided below. Write-ups should be digitally submitted to Sakai as an MS Word Document or PDF file by the deadline communicated in class and on our Sakai site.


  1. Using the “Index and Glossary” at the back of Arete (pp. 209–233), choose a headword with at least three related entries (i.e., numbers in bold at the end of the entry). This may be a person, place, event, or object. You may want to try out several headwords before you commit to one you find particularly interesting and well-suited to this assignment.
  2. Read all entries related to this headword closely—ideally, several times. Then, choose three, and only three, entires that seem together to give what is to you the most interesting perspective on the headword in question. It may be that your three entries may be from a similar era, offering a synchronic perspective on the issue, or else from widely different sources across space and time. Please avoid taking all three of your three pieces of evidence from the same author (e.g., Galen, Pausanias, Philostratus, etc.).
  3. The Report: In a typed document, please provide the following information for each of your three entries, prominently providing the Arete number for reference. Please also make reference to the following enumeration (parts 1–5) in your report, but details of formatting (line-spacing, font size, etc.) are up to you.
    1. In two or three sentences, describe the author or evidence used: What can you discover about the author’s background (language, ethnicity, class, profession, age, gender, etc.). Does s/he (although it is often he) have a particular bias, goal, framework when writing? If the evidence is inscriptional, without a clear sole author, what can you say about its context?
    2. Where applicable, offer a one to two sentence summary of the specific work in question (given by Miller in italics): What is the work’s ostensible audience and/or goal? What omissions/preoccupations might you infer?
    3. In one to two sentences, summarize in broad strokes the relevant geopolitical background of Greek athletics at the time/place the evidence was written. Is this piece of evidence from archaic or classical Greece (~776–322 BCE), the so-called Hellenistic era (~322–31 BCE), or the era of the Roman empire? (~31BCE to the end of antiquity). Where applicable, how much time separates your evidence from the event(s) it describes?
    4. In one to two sentences, summarize the content of the evidence: What is being discussed/argued/proclaimed
    5. Then, taking as much space as you need, discuss what is interesting or distinctive about the evidence, particularly insofar as it contributes to your understanding of the chosen headword.

Finally, provide a paragraph synopsis that synthesizes the chosen three pieces of evidence. Please address in particular: (a) Does the evidence paint a coherent, or contradictory, picture? (b) Is this (in)coherence affected by issues of date, ethnicity, religious belief, etc. — and if so, how? (c) How does this evidence contribute to our overall understanding of ancient Greek athletics?


The entire assignment should run at least 2–3 pages in length. While students are encouraged to delve deeply into material they find interesting, they should also be judicious in crafting a report that lays clear emphasizes on the most salient details and avoids rambling. As a general rule, students who have written five or more pages should consider becoming selective and concise in their presentation of facts and analysis.

GRADING RUBRIC (10 pts total):

_ / 3 - Style & Polish
Does the writing exhibit signs of careful preparation, sophistication, and an effective command of written English? Is this well-structured piece of communication that is clear and concise, with varied sentence structure and a rich and appropriate vocabulary, etc.?

_ / 4 - Accuracy
Does the analysis accurately reflect information provided not only in the evidence itself but also trusted authorities (Miller’s textbook, the Oxford Classical Dictionary, etc.)? Does it scrupulously avoid making or referencing opinionated claims without evidence or argument?

_ / 3 - Depth
Does the report make more than superficial claims about the evidence? Are the three pieces of evidence effectively synthesized, with potential biases, omissions, etc., appropriately flagged?


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Final Answer




Mastering Arete



210 Plato, Hippias Minor 368b-c, ca. 390 B.C.
Section of the evidence was written by Plato despite not allowed by the text to be the case. This
piece of writing has allowed the sense that the author’s work as an etiologist makes sense of the
Greek ancient way of living, including the dressing mode (Classical Oxford Dictionary). Plat has
survived on his writing until present as he is the known writer with the knowledge to the present
era excerpt. The author did not have a bias in the analysis of Greek philosophy on the removal of
the trademark.
The passage describes the narration of Sokratis to Hippias concerning the last journey to
Olympia with the self-wearing of made clothing, which portrays the Greek dressing. Despite
uncertain of work dates, it is indicated in the classical period, late stages. Since the competition
will take place in Greek, all the Greeks are expected to wear the dressing described by Sokratis
in the passage. The most exciting part of these part of the evidence is that the message is
recounting the man’s heard about others in the agora, while in the better chance of speaking from
the agora. This was engulfed by the explanation of average clothing of the Greeks, which
designated that agora was the ordinary Greeks’ lifestyle and culture representative.
215 Pausanias 8.40.1, ca. A.D. 170
The excerpt indicates that Pausanias was a geographer, historian, and a traveler who assumed to
be unbiased in his work of writing. As per to the (Classical Oxford Dictionary), the author tries
to focus every aspect in Greek literature. Moreover, he tends to write on travelling ideas and
observation, resulting in the perception of human perspective and natural subjective to
experience. His dictionary mentioned ...

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