Engineering
New York University Five Years Energy Plan and Fossil Fuel Powerpoint

New York University

Question Description

I’m stuck on a Engineering question and need an explanation.

The midterm assignment will go as follows.You are to use the below link to create a power point presentation which would present your energy plan for the next 5 years.The energy plan can address a country, a state or even a local municipality.Please just make sure it is clear what the energy plan is for, i.e. state, country or local municipality.

This is the link you can start with:

http://www.aps.org/policy/reports/popa-reports/energy/situation.cfm

This is just the starting point to give you an idea about the discussion of energy. You can utilize any online articles, newspapers, scientific journals, etc. as research tools.

I would like the “presentation” to be in power point (if anyone has any problems with that please let me know).The power point should be emailed to me by the due date.Underneath this link on Blackboard with the instructions is a link for Sample Midterm Projects that have been done in the past.

The midterm project is worth 45 points toward your course grade. The Midterm Assignment will be the equivalent of the “mid-term exam”.

Grading for the presentation will be divided into the following categories with a total of 10 points available for each category:

  • Clarity and organization of the presentation
  • Research/supporting documentation/basis for position
  • Overall potential effectiveness of the plan for energy use/efficiency

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Midterm Assignment – Week#8 – starts March 11th ends March 25th The DUE DATE of this assignment is March 25th. Late assignments will NOT be accepted. The midterm assignment will go as follows. You are to use the below link to create a power point presentation which would present your energy plan for the next 5 years. The energy plan can address a country, a state or even a local municipality. Please just make sure it is clear what the energy plan is for, i.e. state, country or local municipality. This is the link you can start with: http://www.aps.org/policy/reports/popa-reports/energy/situation.cfm This is just the starting point to give you an idea about the discussion of energy. You can utilize any online articles, newspapers, scientific journals, etc. as research tools. I would like the “presentation” to be in power point (if anyone has any problems with that please let me know). The power point should be emailed to me by the due date. Underneath this link on Blackboard with the instructions is a link for Sample Midterm Projects that have been done in the past. The midterm project is worth 45 points toward your course grade. The Midterm Assignment will be the equivalent of the “mid-term exam”. Grading for the presentation will be divided into the following categories with a total of 10 points available for each category: 1) Clarity and organization of the presentation 2) Research/supporting documentation/basis for position 3) Overall potential effectiveness of the plan for energy use/efficiency If you have any questions or concerns, please post to the instructor’s office or email me directly. Thank you and good luck. By John McDonough Source:eandselectric     Energy is crucial in sustaining life on Earth We started off using animal and man power, then wind to power sails, next steam power, fossil fuels, then finally solar power The use of energy changed the pace at which we were able to grow economically as a society Our constant curiosity to find new energy sources enables our society to continue to advance    I am proposing a 5 year plan to combat the problems associated with our current energy usage and production First I feel the need for a strong background in what the status of our current energy in the United States is The plan is to develop and improve our current forms of energy to prepare us for a 30 year plan   Current forms of energy There are problems with our energy production and usage  Why we need a go forward plan  Five year energy plan  Fossil Fuels  Solar Energy  Wind Energy  Biofuels  Nuclear Energy    Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are concentrated organic compounds found within the Earth’s crust They currently account for 82% of United States energy demand They make modern life possible; used in manufacturing, transportation, electricity generation Source: http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/fossil-fuels/      45% 29.5% 20.9% 9.5% 2% Gasoline for automobiles Heating oil and diesel fuels Products derived from petroleum Jet fuel Asphalt Source: kingdomecon   The biggest problem with the use of fossil fuels is that they are non-renewable Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, and carbon monoxide, which are hazardous to the environment and human health ◦ Causes global warming, oil spills, acid rain, depletion of the ozone layer  Studies show that half of the world’s supply of fossil fuels will be used up by 2030     The radiant energy from the sun is what makes life on Earth possible Currently solar energy only accounts for 0.75% of the total energy consumed in the United States Solar energy generates electricity through the use of photovoltaic cells that use radiation to generate electric current Solar energy is very popular because it is a renewable source of energy and has no harmful emissions http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/solar/    The biggest problem with solar energy is that you are reliant on a constantly changing source of energy It would require 10,000 square miles to meet current United States electricity needs They are expensive to create and to maintain and can only achieve a maximum efficiency of 22% realistically http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/solar/    Wind energy was one of the first sources of energy that man was able to harness Wind energy accounts for 1.6% of the United States total energy consumption Wind power is turned into electricity by converting the rotation of turbine blades into electric current http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/wind/    Like solar energy, wind energy is also reliant on a constantly changing source of energy The rotating blades injure and kill birds and bats, and are expensive to maintain It would require a wind farm the size of West Virginia to meet the United States energy needs http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/wind/  Biomass is the use of living or recently dead biological matter that can be used for fuel or industrial production  The most popular use of biomass is the use of ethanol from corn fields to produce biofuel  Biofuels make up half of total energy usage production http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/biomass/  The biggest problem with biofuels is that they need extensive amounts of land in order to provide the corn necessary for its production ◦ Some fear this will create a food shortage  The use, including the manufacturing of corn-based ethanol actually doubles greenhouse emissions over 30 years http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/biomass/  Nuclear power comes from fission or the splitting of atoms  The United States has 100 nuclear power plants that generate 20% of our electricity  Nuclear capacity factors average about 90%  Nuclear energy has grown in reliability greatly and is emission free  The power plants require the least amount of space for their energy production http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/nuclear/#    The biggest problem with nuclear energy is what to do with the radioactive spent fuel The earthquake at the Fukushima plant in Japan has caused people to question the safety of nuclear power plants The fear of catastrophic events such as Chernobyl has kept Americans from fully accepting nuclear energy Source:instituteforenergyresearch    Fossil fuels make up 82% of the United States energy consumption This means we are basing our economy off of a non-renewable resource that is rapidly depleting It is also incredibly harmful to the environment and human health making our energy usage completely unsustainable   The biggest users of fossil fuels are electricity generation and powering of automobiles Coal is burned to produce electricity which is a very dirty process that produces many harmful emissions (besides the fact that coal must be mined)  Gasoline for automobiles must be refined which uses fossil fuels for the refinery process  Automobiles are the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/fossil-fuels/  Renewable energy only makes up about 9.5% of our energy consumption  We have far too many types of renewable energy which makes it impossible to focus on the best one  We do not have the infrastructure in place to switch to a renewable energy economy  While our reliance on fossil fuels still exists, energy companies will have too much economic and political power for us to switch to renewable energy completely http://instituteforenergyresearch.org/t opics/encyclopedia/fossil-fuels/    Without a plan for the future we will continue to exhaust our natural resources with no viable alternative for the inevitable day when fossil fuels run out We need to be prepared way before we run out of fossil fuels so that we can wean off of them and switch to a sustainable energy economy We can prevent the increasing detriments of climate change by converting to sustainable sources of energy that do not harm the environment    Electricity generation is what plagues the energy crisis Automobiles produce the most greenhouse gases, and are some of the biggest users of fossil fuels, severely contributing to climate change Developing alternative, renewable sources of fuel and electricity is what this plan is about Source:ela.gov    As you can see coal is the largest single provider of electricity generation However it is the biggest cause of climate change, and there is no such clean version of coal Nuclear power plants are able to generate the same amount of electricity without any emissions ◦ They are also the largest provider of non-emitting electricity generation right now http://bioenergycrops.com/ blog/2013/10/01/biofuelssustainability-fertilizers/   Biofuels are the best alternative to fossil fuels like petroleum gasoline and liquid coal Petroleum and coal are the biggest contributors to climate change and need to be replaced  Biofuels do not cause immediate climate change and are renewable  Further research is needed to determine the best biofuel alternative to petroleum  Due to the non-emitting state of nuclear power plants, the first step I propose is to have all the power plants in the United States be renovated and used to their highest capacity  This will make them as efficient as they can possibly be  By using nuclear energy, we will be able to reduce the amount of dependence we have on coal  Not only is it better for the environment, but it is also cheaper than alternative sources of electricity generation  It also requires far less infrastructure to be put in place than renewable energy sources like solar or wind energy, as it already exists    While nuclear energy is being increased as a source of electric generation I propose that we have a global focus on further research and development on renewable/sustainable energy Global reliance on fossil fuels must be discouraged through government initiatives and mandates Nuclear energy is not sustainable and is therefore a temporary and environmentally friendly fix to our energy woes    The third and final step is to determine which source of alternative energy is the most efficient and has the most promise to replace fossil fuels Once the best option has been determined it is time to put some serious thought into how the infrastructure is to be developed and how it is going to be paid for Government funding should be eliminated for coal and fossil fuels, with larger grants and subsidies increased for renewable energy sources, such as solar for electricity generation and biofuels    For the proposed plan to be viable, current government subsidies would need to be redistributed Wind energy is being overly subsidized with minimal electrical output Nuclear energy generates ten times as much electricity as does wind energy, needing less space, and should therefore be further funded by the government http://mercatus.org/publication/renewable -energy-subsidies-and-electricitygeneration    It is not enough just to propose these ideas, but to truly enforce them We need to diminish the power that fossil fuels have over our economy and politics There need to be viable alternative sources of transportation, electricity generation, and heating for personal use that are not only efficient, but cost-effective    The current use of fossil fuels for our energy needs is detrimental to our society It does not make sense to base our entire global economy on a non-renewable energy source that is also harmful to the environment and human health Therefore I have proposed a temporary 5 year plan to prepare us to the inevitable end of fossil fuels  First we maximize the efficiency and usage of nuclear power plants  While this is occurring we must research and develop the other sustainable sources of energy   Finally we select the best alternative and determine how the infrastructure is to be put in place This plan will ensure that the necessary precautions are taken to prolong the sanctity of our planet     http://www.aps.org/policy/reports/popareports/energy/situation.cfm http://instituteforenergyresearch.org http://mercatus.org/publication/renewableenergy-subsidies-and-electricity-generation http://bioenergycrops.com/blog/2013/10/0 1/biofuels-sustainability-fertilizers/ ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

FIVE YEARS ENERGY PLAN
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INTRODUCTION


Energy is an important element is sustaining the economy and for
our survival in the planet.



Initially, the world was using animal and human power, and later
shifted to steam and wind power, and today people are extensively
using geothermal and nuclear energy.



The utilization of energy has significantly transformed how we grow
economically



Therefore, constant amendments of energy plans assist the society
to advance.

energy plan outline


Present of energy on our society



Current sources of energy



Problems facing production and utilization of energy



Importance of having a forward plan



The five-year energy plans

THE ENERGY CRISIS


These five years plans will significantly combat the issues and
limitations associated with the production and consumption of
energy today.



Importantly, there is need for strong foundation in the present types
of energy in the country



The objective of this plan is to improve and create the country’s
source of energy for the next fifty years.

Present SOURCES OF ENERGY



Fossil fuel (Petroleum and natural gas)
Coal



Fossil fuels



Nuclear



Renewable energy



Solar Energy



Wind Energy



Biofuels

...

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