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Running head: ASSIGNMENT.
1. In section 12.7a Empowering People to Meet Higher Needs, the author list “four elements that
enable them (employees) to act more freely to accomplish their jobs: information, knowledge,
power, and rewards.” Read and understand each element in the section. Then indicate which of
the four elements you think is most important in motivating employees and explain why and
provide examples to support your point of view.
Among the four factors of employee motivation, power is the most essential, from a
personal point of view. In the simplest form, it entails giving workers the ability to take
independent actions and decisions. The work environment is such that employees can
accomplish certain crucial roles and make critical choices without necessarily consulting
management. However, it is important to note that in some instances, members of the workforce
are only allowed to contribute towards the decision-making process, whilst the final say rests on
senior managers (Daft, R. L., & Marcic, D., 2016). This form of empowerment is significant
because an individual will have a sense of belonging and attachment to the organization, arising
from the fact that he or she will feel appreciated. Secondly, it enhances accountability, whereby
employees are aware of the responsibility and level of trust accorded to them by management.
Thirdly, giving workers freedom and power to execute certain tasks on behalf of the organization
enhances creativity and personal growth. A perfect illustration would be a company that
mandates each employee to be personally responsible for the delivery of services and customer
satisfaction. Such a scenario would motivate them to perform their roles more efficiently and
make informed choices.
2. In David McClelland's acquired needs theory, McClelland proposes that the need for power is
more closely associated with people who are in leadership positions. After reviewing all three of
the needs in his theory (need for power, need for achievement, need for affiliation), explain to
me if you agree with McClelland’s assertion that the need for power is most closely associated
with leadership positions and why or why not. Refer to the text in your answer and provide to
support your statements.
If you believe that the need for affiliation or achievement is more closely related to leadership,
Be sure to read and understand the needs before answering the question.
The need for power, under the acquired needs theory by David McClelland, is indeed
closely linked to leadership and positions in leadership. Generally, the theory implies that human
desires and wants are amassed over time and from their surroundings. Needs are classified into
three categories, namely; the need for achievement, affiliation/association, and power (Daft, R.
L., & Marcic, D., 2016). Individuals in...
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